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AS and A Level: Art & Design

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  1. How is the technique of movement created in Optical Art? What effects does it produce?

    Bridget Riley is perhaps the best known of the Op artists. Taking Vasarely's lead, she made a number of paintings consisting only of black and white lines. Rather than giving the impression of some real-world object, however, Riley's paintings frequently give the impression of movement or colour. Riley later produced works in full colour, and other Op artists have worked in colour as well, although these works tend to be less well known. Violent contrasts of colour are sometimes used to produce similar illusions of movement.

    • Word count: 2313
  2. A Portrait of the Artist As a Young Man.

    personal independence and freedom as an individual Stephan's search for the role that the artist plays in his life is an ongoing struggle throughout the novel that eventually leads to his own self-discovery. It starts with his childhood, and continues throughout his life. Since Stephan was a little boy, before he could talk, he was interested in sounds and the power of the spoken word. He had a great interest for words and it showed. Especially in the first chapter when Dante was telling him that birds would pick out his eyes if he did not apologise, and Stephan took this and changed it into a little rhythmical song or stanza.

    • Word count: 2404
  3. The Master and Margarita by Mikhail Bulgakov - A review.

    They succeed in comically befuddling an atheist Moscow which denies the devil's existence with his supernatural feats, his predictions of the future and his enigmatic stories of Pontius Pilate. First he predicts that a noted editor Berlioz would be decapitated; when he is, Woland appropriates his apartment. Woland and his retinue transport one bureaucrat to Yalta, make another disappear entirely except his suit and frighten several others so badly that they end up in a lunatic asylum. Woland also throws a spectacular ball for the dead, an annual event at the end of the trip.

    • Word count: 2690
  4. The Baroque and the Renaissance Eras: Two of the few portals of open thought

    This era was unique due to its resurrected interest in ancient Greek and Roman art and design. This era also brought forth the deep interest of the intricacies of the human body, their respective environments, science and philosophy. The Renaissance eras were well influenced by religion, in terms of art and were strongly influenced by the architectural concepts of the ancient Holy Roman Empire. The work that distinguishes the Baroque period is that it is stylistically complex and sometimes even more contradictory than that of the Renaissance era. The Baroque era that encompassed the years of 1600-1750 was an age of great wealth and abundance, as inspired by the court of Louis XIV of France and driven by the new wealth of the middle classes.

    • Word count: 2354
  5. Compare the work of a woman artist in the 1970's with one from the period 1990-2004.

    All of Chicago's work is very controversial, for instance the Dinner party 1979 and the menstruation Bathroom 1972. However the work of Chicago is quite similar to Louise Walsh work of the Monument to the low paid women worker 1993 fig1. Walsh's sculpture of the two women figures sculptured from bronze, are represented as being within a patriarchal economic system5. The theme of the two figures is clear by the use of objects and utensils which are symbolic of women's work, which includes a type writer, a telephone and a shopping basket.

    • Word count: 2160
  6. Gustav Stresemann, the most influential German politician from 1923-1929 helped Germany, in many ways recover in the years he was in power.

    By the time he died in 1929, Stresemann had negotiated the Young Plan, which further lightened the reparations burden on Germany and led to the evacuation of the Rhineland by British, French and Belgium troops. There were problems too during this period and Stresemann's foreign policy (joining the League of Nations) upset right-wing extremists such as the Nazis. However, it is clear that Stresemann certainly eased Germany's situation and helped the country in some ways recover in the years 1923-1929.

    • Word count: 2722
  7. It is logical to begin with Giotto di Bondone, perhaps the most famous of all Florentine painters. His Arena Chapel frescoes of 1303-5 paved the way for many advances that were made during the Renaissance.

    Giotto's main aim is to show his figures realistically, standing in the picture plane. He does this by tonal modeling to give the figures monumentality and plasticity which leads the viewer to believe that there is a body underneath the robes, occupying their space. He creates shallow stage-like spaces in which to do this. For example in both Joachim Takes Refuge in the Wilderness and The Dream of Joachim the foreground space appears shallow, flat and stage-like. The rocky backdrop appears to be just that, a backdrop. The sky is always blue and this adds naturalism to his works although it was not intentional.

    • Word count: 2334
  8. The Renaissance began in Italy during the 1400s, a period of time called the Quattrocentro.

    (Chambers, et.al, 451) Medici oversaw Florence from 1434 to 1464, by trade a banker and merchant with strong European connections. His associations with sculptors and architects aided their careers, and his support of the arts strongly boosted their prominence. Medici encouraged art and learning, and founded the first public library in Europe. One of his aspirations was to found a Platonic Academy to study and deliberate much in the style of Socrates. Although his ambition would not come in his lifetime, his grandson would later establish such an academy.

    • Word count: 2083
  9. Standing Female Nude

    In doing so, as Jane E. Thomas notes, Duffy not only "recognizes the lineament of [her] foremothers - the women of the feminist movement of the late 1960s and 1970s" (78), but she has also taken the further step of reshaping ideas of the self by focusing on the indeterminacy of boundaries and the ways in which a naturalized fixing of those margins can prove dangerous to those "permanently" situated on the periphery. "Standing Female Nude" is a 4-stanza, 28-line poem which operates as a type of dramatic monologue, albeit an internal one.

    • Word count: 2317
  10. To what Extent did the System of Patronage Effect Works of Art

    Not surprisingly, they were also the two leading cities economically. The two cities heavily competed with the other; honour was of primal importance. As merchants and artists were encouraged to travel as much as possible, innovative ideas in pieces from other cities quickly became incorporated into artists' own city. For example, after the death of Savonarola, Florence sought to make her constitution much more similar to Venice's. As a reflection of this, a large room in the palace of the signoria was designed to act and look like Venetian Hall of the Great Council and two huge frescoes were commissioned, one by Leonardo, the other by Michelangelo.

    • Word count: 2888
  11. Primitive Art’s Influence on Modern Art

    Picasso's childhood was bourgeois and conventional, with a respected traditional artist and art professor as a father (241). Picasso began to view the art of his childhood, as well as the art of society as no longer viable or true, so he took it upon himself to provide new alternatives. Before 1906, Picasso began moving in a different direction from tradition by celebrating the outsiders of society in his work: the poor, the blind, the old, and the rejected. Finally, in June of 1907, Picasso had an "epiphany".

    • Word count: 2364
  12. Analysis of works in the Tate Modern, London

    I reached the verdict that I should choose artists that I found interesting and some that are less well known but I believe their Art is worthy of debate and analysis. The Artists and their pieces I have chosen are as follows: �Louise Bourgeois - Cell (Eyes and Mirrors) �Cornelia Parker - Cold Dark Matter: An exploded view �Jean Arp �Andy Warhol - Electric chair �Katharina Fritsch - Rat King �Henry Moore - Recumbent Figure �Rebecca Horn - Concert For Anarchy �Jenny Holzer - Truisms T8modern Louise Bourgeois My first experience of Louise Bourgeois was when I saw her immense sculptures, I DO, I UNDO, I REDO, in the Turbine Hall of the Tate.

    • Word count: 2780
  13. ‘Art is the only serious thing in the world. And the artist is the only person who is never serious.’

    Wilde later described the work as 'the golden book of spirit and sense, the holy writ of beauty' and, in the same letter, as having had 'such a strange influence over my life'5 and it seems likely that he saw it as his own equivalent of Dorian Gray's fatal book. Adopting Pater's neo-pagan artistic creed inevitably led Wilde to take art very seriously indeed; he saw his role as an artist as a vocation that he must struggle to live up to, conforming both his life and his work to the aesthetic ideals of beauty, and art for art's sake.

    • Word count: 2947
  14. Applications of Photography

    Low aperture is a good way to create depth of field in the photo which leads to creating perspective. The picture to the right is also a good example of low aperture. The lower the aperture, the blurrier the background will become which is what the photographer has done here. By decreasing the aperture it brings the intended subject to the front of the frame making you see it before anything else pictured in the frame. Shutter Speed is also used within photojournalism but not as much as the rule of thirds and aperture. It is used to capture quick movements such as the kingfisher in motion but for events that will be placed in the news.

    • Word count: 2928
  15. The Female Form in Art. Contextual study Unit 3

    For my first chapter I've chosen to study the work ?The Birth of Venus? by Botticelli. This is because of Venus? Goddess like presentation and sense of importance that expresses the significance of women. For my second chapter I?m going to look at Edouard Manet?s wonderful pieces that portray women in all their beauty. ?Olympia? is one of them; it is very similar to the work of Botticelli with the strong appearance of prominence though it was set in far more casual scenery.

    • Word count: 2018
  16. What Makes A Portrait

    This appears to the case in William Egglestons? ?Untitled? from his series Los Alamos. People use these criteria and make snap judgements when looking at photographs, whether this is on a subconscious level or not- although it is usually the former. However, we forget that a photograph is simply a compression of the three dimensional world and that there are many contextual factors that we need to incorporate in order to fully understand an image. One of the most important factors in my opinion is the discriminating decisions we make, as photographers, when capturing an image i.e.

    • Word count: 2488

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