• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

A discussion on Sandro Botticelli.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Kristen Verge 3-17-05 Botticelli Sandro Botticelli, born Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi, lived all of his life in Florence, Italy, from 1445-1510. His nickname of "Botticelli" came from his elder brother Giovanni, a pawnbroker, who was called Il Botticello ("The Little Barrel"). Like most other artists at the time, Botticelli painted many religious and allegorical subjects, including numerous different renditions of Madonna's. He was apprenticed to three different men, the first being a goldsmith, Giorgio Vasari, than to the painter Fra Filippo Lippi, and finally with the painter and engraver Antonio del Pollaiolo, whom Botticelli worked with on a more professional level. Botticelli had his own workshop by 1470, and spent almost all of his life working for the great families of Florence, especially the Medici family, most notably Giuliano de' Medici, for whom he painted portraits. He is most well known for his allegorical paintings illustrating Greek and Roman legends, such as the two large panels Primavera and The Birth of Venus. The 1480s were Botticelli's most productive years, and by this time he was considered one of the most desirable painters in Florence. ...read more.

Middle

As part of the intellectual and artistic circle at the court of Lorenzo de' Medici, Botticelli was also influenced by its Christian Neoplatonism, "a fusion of pagan and Christian themes and elevation of pursuit of beauty as a fundamental element of art." Sandro Botticelli developed a highly personal style, characterized by an elegant execution, a sense of melancholy, and a strong emphasis on line. The forms in his paintings are defined with a sharp and flowing line, with the ability to suggest the character and even the mood of the figures by action, pose, and facial expression. The Virgin Mary is always a tall, queenly figure in conventional red robe and blue cloak, with an inner pensiveness of expression. Botticelli also harnessed the use of linear perspective, as most of his contemporaries were also able to do, and has been credited with a sophisticated understanding of perspective of the human body and anatomy. After the early 1490s-and his encounter with Savonarola-his style changed-- the paintings are smaller in scale, the figures in them are much more slender, accentuating their gestures and expressions and concentrating attention on an urgency of action. One of his two most famous paintings, La Primavera, was completed in 1482. ...read more.

Conclusion

The goddess of spring stands on shore to welcome Venus to the Earth. Botticelli's figures form a harmonious pattern with their graceful movements and lines, making them look airy and less solid. Venus's neck is an unnatural length in proportion to the rest of her body, and her steeply falling shoulders hide the strange way her left arm is hinged to her body. To counter criticism for creating a seemingly pagan image, Botticelli made the Gods look like Christian angels and leaves the beautiful portrait of Venus open for interpretation as a symbol of both pagan and Christian love. Although Botticelli's style seems to change drastically over time, I like the soft colors which he uses in the 1480's and his choice of depicting Greek and Roman myths rather than the common Christian stories. I also like the beautiful and delicate costuming he chose for his characters, and the delicate way he painted their features. The detail in some of his paintings makes them seem more like still-life's than creations from his imagination. His later, more religious images seem fanatical and bizarre, and don't interest me as much as his earlier works. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Art & Design section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Art & Design essays

  1. Browning's View of Art, "Andrea del Sarto" and "Fra Lippo Lippi."

    Its "changes, surprises" staled by daily custom , become taken for granted until the artist enables men to see them suddenly afresh, with clear vision, as if for the first time. We are made, declares Lippo, "so that we love First when we see them painted, things we have passed

  2. Surrealism - artists and techniques.

    Where there are impurities on the sheet of paper dots are put on. The dots are then joined together by lines which produces random patterns. This idea was invented by Dolfi Trost. Fumage This is when smoke from a candle or a kerosene lamp produces an image onto a piece of paper.

  1. An Except from The Decay of Lying by Oscar Wilde discussion

    Also, the painting that the artist has painted does not exits, not even in the imagination of the author. This is because it would be impossible to paint the exact image he has on his head; therefore by basing my perception of the image on the painting, my entire perception

  2. An Examination of the Pre 20th Century Female Nude Painted by Men

    The small strokes would merely detract from the boldness and make the painting more shy. The brushstrokes are broken and the combinations of colours are vital in capturing compelling chiaroscuro as well as rendering movement. To me, Impressionism reflects how society was adapting, and whilst symbolising a rebirth in Paris,

  1. Isabella D'este - Renaissance patron

    The portrait done of Isabella by Titian in 1536 makes her appear much younger than her actual age at the time of commission. The adjustment of her features for this retrospective representation demonstrates that Isabella did not want to be shown in her weakening state.

  2. Self, Body and Portrait

    In these works he deliberately attempts to remove the body from its socialised state and bring out more of its originality. Self-perception is a curious idea. Over the years in our lives, our emotions and experiences ricochet around inside our heads, gradually emerging in our patterns of behaviour and in our faces: brimming with confidence or shuddering with insecurity.

  1. john martin paintings

    People are praying that the mountains would fall on them. I think it is amazing that they know that God is behind all of this pain and destruction. Almost everyone at this time would have believed in God. They had heard that there was a coming judgement and the end

  2. What Makes A Portrait

    Some may often argue that a photograph cannot be truly classified as a portrait in the absence of a face. In many ways I do agree but having said this, in his book ?The Photograph?, Graham Clarke discusses Robert Mapplethorpe?s Apollo (left)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work