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Art: The Life of Paul Klee.

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Introduction

Art: The Life of Paul Klee Paul Klee is regarded by many people as one of the most influential artists of the twentieth century. His work is characterised by abstracted representations of objects, in a variety of mediums and styles. These range from the childlike 'taking a line for a walk' images that Klee completed at the beginning of his career, to the 'pointillist' paintings that Klee began to paint, closer to the end of his life. Klee was born in the town of Munchenbuchsee, in 1879, near Bern, Switzerland. His father was a German musician, who taught music at a college in Bern. His mother was an Austrian singer. Due to his parent's professions, Klee had a childhood was dominated by music. This is evident in much of the artwork that he produced, which could be interpreted as musical 'graphic notation', and Klee was a talented musician in addition to his artistic skills. Klee attended school in Bern, and became a skilful violinist. During much of his school life he was undecided as to whether to become an artist or a musician. ...read more.

Middle

These ranged from the classic works, to the roman frescos of Pompeii. He also visited operas and museums, experiencing the varied culture of the European cities that he visited. After visiting Italy, Klee concluded that 'the main thing now is not to paint precociously but to be or, at least, to become an individual.' Klee achieved this, by creating many distinctive styles of artwork. However, he was not entirely independent. Many of his paintings contain inspiration from artists such as: Paul C�zanne (1839 - 1906) Henri Matisse (1869 - 1954) Wassily Kandinsky (1866 - 1944) Frans Marc (1880 - 1916) Alexei von Jawlensky (1846 - 1941) Josef Albers (1888 - 1979) Georges Braque (1882 - 1963) Robert Delaunay (1885 - 1941) Lyonel Feininger (1871 - 1956) Pablo Picasso (1881 - 1973) Klee Travelled around Europe and North Africa, being particularly influenced by the architecture of Tunisia. He visited the Tunisian cities of Hammemet, Kairouan and Tunis, and it is thought that it was there that he began to experiment with colour and light within images. ...read more.

Conclusion

Kandansky produced work similar to that on Klee, but his influence came primarily from Russia, and not the Mediterranean and North Africa. In 1929, Klee was fifty, and exhibitions of his work were displayed in Rome, Paris and Berlin. However, Klee could not continue his life as an artist and teacher. In 1935, the Nazis closed the Bauhaus, where Klee was teaching, and some of his work was destroyed. In 1939, the Second World War began, and Klee left Germany. His work was regarded as degenerate by the Nazis, and was displayed again in exhibitions dedicated to this disapproved art. Perversely, this exhibition preserved much of the German artwork that it was designed to bring an end to, and much of this is now displayed in the 'Haus der Kunst' in Munich. Paul Klee died in 1940, after being diagnosed with the rare disease called Scleroderma. Klee was diagnosed with this four years before his death, and over this time he knew that he was unlikely to survive for very long. It was drawing this time that he created one of his best know works, 'Death and Fire'. This paining is dominated by a skull, flanked by two humanoid figures. ...read more.

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