• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Dal, Salvador (1904-1989).

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Dal�, Salvador (1904-1989), Spanish painter, writer, and member of the surrealist movement. He was born in Figueras, Catalonia, and educated at the School of Fine Arts, Madrid. After 1929 he espoused surrealism, although the leaders of the movement later denounced Dal� as overly commercial. Dal�'s paintings from this period depict dream imagery and everyday objects in unexpected forms, such as the famous limp watches in The Persistence of Memory (1931, Museum of Modern Art, New York City). Dal� moved to the United States in 1940, where he remained until 1948. His later paintings, often on religious themes, are more classical in style. They include Crucifixion (1954, Metropolitan Museum, New York City) and The Sacrament of the Last Supper (1955, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.). ...read more.

Middle

After studying at the Academy of Fine Arts, Madrid, he moved to Paris and joined the Surrealists (1928), becoming one of the principal figures of the movement. His study of abnormal psychology and dream symbolism led him to represent 'paranoiac' objects in landscapes remembered from his Spanish boyhood. In 1940 he settled in the USA, became a Catholic, and devoted his art to symbolic religious paintings. He wrote The Secret Life of Salvador Dali (1942), and collaborated with Luis Bu�uel in the Surrealist films Un Chien andalou (1928, An Andalusian Dog), and L'Age d'or (1930, The Golden Age). One of his best-known paintings is 'The Persistence of Memory' (known as 'The Limp Watches', 1931, Museum of Modern Art, New York City). ...read more.

Conclusion

Those limp watches are as soft as overripe cheese-indeed "the camembert of time," in Dali's phrase. Here time must lose all meaning. Permanence goes with it: ants, a common theme in Dali's work, represent decay, particularly when they attack a gold watch, and become grotesquely organic. The monstrous fleshy creature draped across the painting's center is at once alien and familiar: an approximation of Dali's own face in profile, its long eyelashes seem disturbingly insectlike or even sexual, as does what may or may not be a tongue oozing from its nose like a fat snail. The year before this picture was painted, Dali formulated his "paranoiac-critical method," cultivating self-induced psychotic hallucinations in order to create art. "The difference between a madman and me," he said, "is that I am not mad." ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Art & Design section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Art & Design essays

  1. An Except from The Decay of Lying by Oscar Wilde discussion

    reality and considering that in order to achieve perfection, their needs to be a great understanding of reality, art is a development towards perfection. 6) Which is more important, truth or beauty? Beauty can be found in truth regardless of the harshness that lies in truth.

  2. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Case Study.

    Alternatives & Recommendations The attendance in the museum is low on weekdays. To reach large number of visitors on weekdays, a price differentiation can be made for the admission fee. For example, one day can be chosen as a "Special Day " and the admission fee can be set as $3 for adults and $1.5 for students on that day.

  1. Personal Study - Journeys.

    Richard Long also uses circles to convey harmony; this may be reflected in the peaceful surroundings. Circles also represent perfection according to ancient Greek cultures. Circles echo the shape of planets in the universe, for example the sun, the moon.

  2. Belgian Surrealist artist Ren Magritte

    He displays this fascination in his 1928 painting, The Use of Words I. This is one of several Magritte paintings containing a pipe and the phrase, "Ceci n'est pas une pipe" ("This is not a pipe"). Magritte believed that the relation between an object and its name is completely arbitrary,

  1. Salvador Dal.

    The Dal�'s were not about to have another burial. Dal� was often tended by his childhood nurse Lucia, who pops up in many of his Surrealist paintings, but he was seldom truly ill. One of the best examples of Lucia appearing in a later work is The Weaning of Furniture,

  2. Melting Clocks, Timelessness, and Placidity: Dali's World in The Persistence of Memory.

    Time and calmness are congruent because both progress unwavering since time manages to pass freely without any necessary consciousness. Even the bluff itself appears to be calm, as morning sun casts over its crevices, mollifying the rocky peaks as it surmounts the watery base.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work