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Georgia O'Keeffe

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Georgia O'Keeffe (November 15, 1887 - March 6, 1986) Georgia Totto O'Keeffe was born in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin in a farmhouse on a large dairy farm. Her parents Francis Calyxtus O'Keeffe and Ida Totto O'Keeffe were dairy farmers. She was the first girl and the second of seven O'Keeffe children. Education for women was a family tradition. All the daughters but one became professional women, attesting to her influence on them. She attended Town Hall School in Wisconsin and received art instruction from local watercolorist Sarah Mann. When Georgia was in the eighth grade she asked a daughter of a farm employee what she was going to do when she grew up. The girl said she didn't know. Georgia replied very definitely... "...I am going to be an artist!"--"I don't really know where I got my artist idea...I only know that by that time it was definitely settled in my mind." In 1902 her parents moved to Willamsburg, Virginia. Georgia attended Madison High School, and joined her family in 1903. By the age of 16 Georgia had 5 years of private art lessons at various schools in Wisconsin and Virginia. ...read more.


She took leave from her teaching position in February 1918 and remained living in Texas. She received an invitation to move to New York to work from Stieglitz in May 1918, and she did so, arriving on June 10 1918. She would then begin a new life that would make her into one of the most important artist of the century. New York When O'Keeffe arrived in New York City in 1918, Stieglitz arranged for O'Keeffe to move into his niece's unoccupied studio apartment. In July of that year Stieglitz left his wife Emmeline Obermeyer Stieglitz to live with O'Keeffe. At that time he also began to photograph O'Keeffe. Forty-five of his photographs were exhibited in the Stieglitz retrospective exhibition held at the Anderson Galleries in February 1921. The images created a public sensation. In 1924, O'Keeffe and Stieglitz married, following the finalization of his divorce. O'Keeffe and Stieglitz spent their winters in Manhattan and their summers at the Stieglitz family house at Lake George in upstate New York. From the time she arrived in New York she moved from charcoal and watercolour and began painting large canvases in oils and by the mid-1920s used large canvases for close-up objects. ...read more.


Her works following Steiglitz death are regarded as majestic, but lacking the emotion that was present in her earlier works. During the 1950s O'Keeffe produced a series of paintings featuring her 1958 painting about death Ladder to the Moon. Following her first travels outside the United States she produced a large series of paintings of clouds e.g. Sky above Clouds, which were the views from airplane windows. Ladder to the Moon Sky Above the Clouds, 1962-1963 Toward the late 1960s, O'Keeffe's eyesight grew poor; by 1972 she could hardly see at all. O'Keeffe met potter Juan Hamilton in 1973 when he introduced himself to O'Keeffe and began doing household jobs for the artist. Hamilton eventually became O'Keeffe's very close companion. He assisted her with her final artworks, with the completion a book about her art called Georgia O'Keeffe published in 1976. She completed her final unassisted work in oil in 1972, and worked unassisted in watercolour and charcoal until 1978 and in graphite until 1984. Georgia became increasingly frail in her late 90's and moved to Santa Fe where she would die on March 6, 1986, at the age of 98. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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