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Joan Mir.

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Joan Mir� Spanish painter, whose surrealist works, with their subject matter drawn from the realm of memory and imaginative fantasy, are some of the most original of the 20th century. Mir� was born April 20, 1893, in Barcelona and studied at the Barcelona School of Fine Arts and the Academia Gal�. His work before 1920 shows wide-ranging influences, including the bright colors of the Fauves, the broken forms of cubism, and the powerful, flat two-dimensionality of Catalan folk art and Romanesque church frescoes of his native Spain. He moved to Paris in 1920, where, under the influence of surrealist poets and writers, he evolved his mature style. ...read more.


Amorphous amoebic shapes alternate with sharply drawn lines, spots, and curlicues, all positioned on the canvas with seeming nonchalance. Mir� later produced highly generalized, ethereal works in which his organic forms and figures are reduced to abstract spots, lines, and bursts of colors. Mir� also experimented in a wide array of other media, devoting himself to etchings and lithographs for several years in the 1950s and also working in watercolor, pastel, collage, and paint on copper and masonite. His ceramic sculptures are especially notable, in particular his two large ceramic murals for the UNESCO building in Paris (Wall of the Moon and Wall of the Sun, 1957-59). ...read more.


and in the paintings of female nudes, the subjects offered too much resistance to the purely aesthetic response he was aiming for. The nude, after all, was a subject on which Stokes had lavished a good deal of serious thought. In a book called Reflections on the Nude (1967), written around the same time he did the two paintings of nudes in the current show, Stokes characterized the subject as "the object of many passions," "an immense power" and many similar terms. I think these nudes are very fine paintings, but they are shaped by impulses and ideas that are emphatically different from the emotions governing the still-life paintings. Iridescence Coldstream, Moore, Hepworth and Wollheim ...read more.

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