• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18
  19. 19
    19

john martin paintings

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

- What spurred John Martin to Paint elemental catastrophe and divine retribution? Introduction On my first visit to the Tate I was completely unprepared for the room of the three awesome and enormous John Martin Paintings. I am also going to compare and contrast the three paintings with works I found on a school trip to Berlin. In this essay, I intend to focus on the three judgement paintings by John Martin. I am going to explore the ways in which Martin found inspiration for his art, his reasons for painting elemental catastrophe and divine retribution, what made him stand out from other artists of the same generation and why his work made him one of the most popular and successful British artists of the 19th Century. The three judgement paintings were Martin's last major works produced before his death in 1854 and are thought by some critics to be his masterpieces. During the late 18th Century, assumptions about what was acceptable began to change meaning that artists were able to paint anything that appealed to their imaginations. Writers and artists began to explore the artistic and emotional qualities of immensity, darkness and terror. The word 'Sublime' was used to describe the feelings resulting from the representation of these qualities. JMW Turner highlighted the power of nature compared with the helplessness of mankind, and used landscape to evoke heightened emotional states. Turner's ideas were developed and exaggerated by John Martin. Martin's paintings were dismissed as vulgar by the Royal Academy, but were however extremely popular with the public. The highlight of this success was his Judgement Series, completed in 1853 and exhibited across Britain and the United States for twenty years after his death. ...read more.

Middle

However, it was the lyric's; 'But to some, another fun day in Babylon' that really caught my attention as the word Babylon has come up before in my research. The Last Judgement In the central canvas, The Last Judgement, John Martin's most ambitious use of composition separates the good and evil by a great gorge just off centre. The sloping curves lead from each side towards the central empty space. Similarly to The Great Day of His Wrath, The Last Judgement illustrates the central event of the Book of Revelation, and Martin assembles his scene from passages in the story. The last bridge over the valley of Jehoshaphat is collapsing and a handful of figures dash across it, to the security of Jerusalem. Sinners beg as the world falls apart. The damned, on the right, include a young woman known as Herodias's daughter and the whore of Babylon, dressed in purple and scarlet, with a rosary bracelet dangling from her wrist, pleading in vain, others still clinging to their ceremonial dress- a crown and crucifix - as they scrabble for survival (figure 3). The forces of evil commanded by Satan are defeated and the armies of Gog and Magog identified as the nations in the four corners of the earth, (New Testament, Book of Revelation) tumble into the bottomless pit. Meanwhile, across the great divide, above the crystal palaces of the New Jerusalem, is God on a throne in heaven sitting in judgement, surrounded by the twenty four elders seated on benches wearing crowns and dressed in pure white robes, while they witness the passing of judgement (Chapter 4). The four angels are posted at the corners of the throne having sounded their trumpets after the opening of the seventh seal (Chapter 8). ...read more.

Conclusion

I also spotted the four angels playing trumpets which represented the opening of the seventh seal in Martin's The Last Judgement. Compared to Martin, Cranach used inhuman beasts that look to be taking over the earth and killing mankind (figure 15). The darkness of the last panel was similar to The Great Day of His Wrath creating the feeling of the ending of the world. I noticed the crowd of people screaming (figure 13), the facial expressitions help create the dark and horrible atmosphere of the painting. However, Martin used the crowds of people in a different context, with his images of the Blessed in The Last Judgement (figure 4). The panels were not as high up on the wall but the reflection of the lights made it hard for me to see some areas, for this reason some of my photographs are blurred. In my opinion, the figures are larger and the overall paintings are busier with a lot more going on. Conclusion The beginning of the 19th Century was the period of the Romantic Movement which meant that it was a period of change and revolution in human rights. As a result of the French revolution previously, artists began to rebel against Neo-classical and traditions and look more into their own experience and imagination. John Martin had other possible influences, he developed and exaggerated Turner's ideas, was influenced by Mary Shelley's sci-fi novel, The Last Man and William Blake's visionary art and poetry. William Feaver says that Martin's Painting is designed to draw our attention to the dangers of great social concern at the time, of 'over population', as well as to 'themes of empires rotten at the core' (Feaver p71- The Art of John Martin). Other events in Martin's life such as the mayhem and destruction of the Napoleonic war may have had some kind of impact on his work. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Art & Design section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Art & Design essays

  1. Surrealism - artists and techniques.

    He was enlisted in the Italian army. 1909 to 1919 was known as his metaphysical period. During this period, Chirico produced his most famous paintings, the paintings that he got praised for. These paintings are memorable for their haunting mood. Many of his paintings refer to the bright Mediterranean cities around Greece.

  2. Raqib Shaws work is the kind that just looks so beautiful it is impossible ...

    The painting 'Ambassadors' inspired him to not go into the family business to earn consistant money, but to follow what he wanted to do and paint. Recently after graduating, his first solo show consisting of eighteen drawings and five paintings sold out, then again at New York's Armoury Show, where every piece sold out in the first day.

  1. Free essay

    Critical Research of Le paradis peut attendre/ Heaven can wait by Josee Dallaire

    Red in this piece serves as midtone between the blue and yellow, as shown in the forearm of this woman it is used to transition between the contrasting colors of dark blue and yellow/white. Red mainly found on the chest of this woman and upper neck.

  2. Art Essay

    --> Funded and opened by the Government. Job was to entertain and provide. --> If you were selected then you made it. People will know who you are. Monet didn't make it in and people laughed at his work - called it incomplete. The general public doesn't like it.

  1. David Hockney's We Two Boys Together Clinging

    This piece was painted on board using oil paints. Hockey will have had some practice and training in oil paints, but he may have used stencils when painting in the numbers and texts on this piece. Hockney will have commenced his work his work in his studio, where he may

  2. How does colour affect the mood of the art work? Examination of paintings ...

    Some of his most well known series are the haystacks and the Japanese bridge. The haystacks Fig 1. Fig 2. Fig 3. The haystacks are a series of immersionist paintings done by Monet from 1888 through to 1891 in Normandy.

  1. KYLE presents a disaster scene in his acrylic painting Obliteration. The painting depicts, what ...

    Showing buildings that are still kind of intact help the viewer get a since of what is being destroyed while showing the debris left over by the building already gone show the viewer what is lost.

  2. What Makes A Portrait

    I am still very much aware that these judgements may well, and most probably do, differ to another individual due to personal experiences or teachings that cause a difference in opinion. However, I wonder how anyone can feel justified in their views when we know that the image has been tampered with.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work