• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Paul Cezanne

Extracts from this document...


PAUL CEZANNE Paul Cezanne was born in 1839 at Aix-en-Provence, a small town a few miles inland from Marseilles, in the south of France. His father was a prosperous hat retailer who later, in 1848 became proprietor of Aix's only bank. Paul's mother had been Louis-Auguste's mistress until they married in 1844 when Paul was five. Throughout his childhood, Cezanne lived in fear of his powerful, overbearing father. He grew up an angry, intense and unsociable man, whose only real attachment was to his art. At the age of 13, he became a boarder at Bourbon College in Aix. He was an excellent scholar and though not very sociable, formed some close friendships that were to last for most of his life. In their free time Cezanne and his friends swam and fished. These times remained his happiest memories, and the many bathing scenes in his later paintings are touched with nostalgia. ...read more.


His paintings in the 1860's mirror his inner turmoil: corpses, murders and orgies dominated his easle. Then, at the age of 30, he radically changed both his habits and his painting style. In 1869 he met a young model called Hortense Fiquet, who became his mistress. He turned increasingly to landscape subjects and started painting in the open air like the Impressionists. They were a group of French artists who revolutionised painting by their new ideas on the use of bold colour, expressive brushwork and working directly from nature in the open air. In 1872 Cezanne had a son but he remained so terrified of his own father that he did not dare tell the him he had a family. He therefore had to support Hortense and his son from his small allowance and this situation amazingly remained unchanged for years. When Cezanne was in Aix, he would lodge Hortense elsewhere. ...read more.


The theme of nudes in the landscape has a long history and many artists also did this. Cezanne was exceptionally reticent with the idea of using live models. In fact, he is only known to have worked directly from a model once during the time of these bathing paintings. His sources for his figures tended to be from past art. Either from his own student studies, or from Old Masters. Surprisingly, even these images were either copied from other artists or from sculptures. As he found it almost impossible to draw a live model, this reserve shows in his pictures of the bathers, particularly. Many of the figures are separated by contour lines and not one of them has a mouth. Even their eyes are obscure. lacks detail vibrant colours that I prefere there is no atmosphere to the piece one of many There are two 'Large Bathers' pictures. The largest, 7'x8' (208 x 250cms) is in Philadephia and the other 127 x 195cms is in the National Gallery, London. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Art & Design section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Art & Design essays

  1. Personal Study - Journeys.

    This contrasts to the symbolic meaning of the circle, which is of harmony. However the circle can also symbolise strength reflected in the bulky stone. WATERLINE SPERONE WESTWATER NEW YORK 1989 Richard Long seems to be influenced by Jackson Pollock here.

  2. john martin paintings

    This may signify the importance of this angel. Next to this angel seems to be a demon like creature with a human-like face and hair like a woman flying around. His presence is rather terrifying. As I had a Closer examination of the painting I could see that several areas

  1. Virginia Woolf Lecture 1 - aesthete or feminist revolutionary?

    143, top. Mrs McNab and Mrs Bast 'stay[] the corruption and the rot' and rescue bits and pices from 'the pool of Time' (p. 152). Their efforts manage to evoke the sense of some ultimate harmony lying behind the disorder of the world, to which Keat's alludes in his Ode (p. 154)

  2. Art Essay - Paul Cézanne.

    After many disputes he was allowed to go to Paris in 1861. However his stay in Paris did not last for long he was there only 6 months. He destroyed many of his canvases during depressive moments and returned home full of self-doubt.

  1. Wang Wei: Father of the Wu School

    His landscape paintings show the mountains, gardens, and bodies of water of South China. In Shen Zhou's early works there is a strong influence from Five Dynasties painters Dong Yuan and Ju Ran, Yuan Dynasty painters Huang Gongwang, Wang Meng, and We Zhen, and other well-known painters of the southern Song Dynasty.

  2. Surrealism - artists and techniques.

    Like Breton, many of his ideas came to him during The First World War. However unlike Breton, he actually served in the war as a soldier not as a doctor so his ideas varied to Bretons. Like Breton he witnessed the excessive number of deaths, however he had a much clearer image of the destruction of the war.

  1. Art: The Life of Paul Klee.

    She was another musician, a German pianist, and they eventually married in 1906. In 1901, Klee had completed his studies and toured Europe. This was a source of much inspiration, and Klee observed a variety of styles of artwork.

  2. How does colour affect the mood of the art work? Examination of paintings ...

    There some similarities in the fact that Kandinsky used lots of lines and shapes in his abstract art, and Pollock also used lines in different ways as well, but as you look at the images as a whole they are completely different.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work