• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Photography was a major shaper and creator of modernism, Discuss.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Photography was a major shaper and creator of modernism, Discuss. Art is an activity characteristic of humanity since the dawn of civilisation. In any epoch the Artist, by virtue of special gifts, expresses that which is finest in humanity...the visual artist archives this through modes of understanding and expression which are 'purely visual' - radically distinct from, for example, verbalisation. This special characteristic of art necessarily makes it an autonomous sphere of activity, completely separate from the everyday world of social and political life. The autonomous nature of visual art means that questions asked of it may only be properly put, and answered, in its own terms - all other forms of interrogation are irrelevant. In the modern world the function of art is to preserve and enhance its own special sphere of civilising human values in an increasingly dehumanising technological environment. If these beliefs sound familiar - perhaps even self-evident - it is because they long-ago became part of the received common-sense we in the West learn at our mother's knee. (Burgin 1986) The 20th Century had a good start due to the inventions and innovations of the 19th Century era. The culture was becoming more and more refined with the standardisation set out by the previous generations finally becoming long term standards and the fruition of ideas and ideals set out in the 19th Century. ...read more.

Middle

This meant that information could be transmitted to another country so speeding up the way news and information was transmitted over long distances. The introduction of Television was a caused a cultural revolution, with visual references to new ideas and ways of thinking, this widened the learning for the masses. Telephones also added to the increase in communication, it took time but over the years most places within the developed countries could be linked by telephone this meant that artists/public could converse to each other over long distances in a much more efficient way that allowed for a two way conversation/discussion to take place. The new developments put a emphasis on time and speed this made the announcement of new inventions, ideas, and inspiration much more speedily available. Now in the 20th Century people expected things to cost less and be made quicker and easier to use. This helped bring photography to the masses because of the mechanisation of the process of the mass building of cameras and also in the manufacture of Photographic paper and negative film. This could be argued as to detracting from the artistic expression of the photographer but it also allowed other artistic movements to experiment with the use of photography. Artistic movements had to be on the move with the understanding that the photograph was replacing peoples requirement to represent people and items in a realistic way ...read more.

Conclusion

Transport with the motorcar allowed for fast effective travel to be done on land and then with the application of aeroplanes for public travel later in the 20th Century meant that many locations around the world that normally would of taken weeks or even months to travel to only took a matter of days. This allowed artists to move around the world expanding their horizons and also giving access to locations that would inspire their skills as artists. Some artists sought to change the way we think of Galleries for example some of the work done by Surrealism and Dada movements for instance, Marcel Duchamp placed a urinal in the gallery claiming that the location in a art gallery made it 'Art', in this way they were challenging our social understanding of art wile also confronting the press and generating interest by doing something diverse and 'outrageous', thus bringing the subject of 'What is Art' to the forefront of discussion. Many of the artistic groups philosophised about the 'Art' subject, some also released manifestoes which could be seen as pretentious. To summarise, photography was a major influence in the Modernist movement, because of the influence a new medium such as photography could have on the older mediums such as Painting, sculpture etc. But also aided in the development of modernism. Photography is now being push further beyond the boundaries due to the introduction of digital imagery capabilities. These in turn have brought the artists drawing skills back into the forefront of development. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Art & Design section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Art & Design essays

  1. Susan Sontag (on photography) has argued that Diane Arbus's photographs suggest "a world in ...

    a photograph we will indeed agree that they are Aliens and therefore freaks. Arbus's confrontational style of photographing people makes people inaccessible; Sontag also says that she liked "concentrating on victims"5. But does she concentrate on victims or victimise people?

  2. Surrealism - artists and techniques.

    Some surrealist paintings do not show any of these techniques but the ideas come from the artist, this is true for many surrealists artists like Dali. Giorgio de Chirico (July 10, 1888 - November 20, 1978) Giorgio de Chirico was a Greek - Italian painter born in Volos - Greece.

  1. In the Dark Child, Camara Layes youth and development of his cultural and personal ...

    His uncle lived in a European-style house. "Was it unfamiliarity, or the humid heat of the town, or the fatigue of two days in the train that kept me from sleeping? Yet it was a very comfortable house: the room I slept in was large, and the bed soft, softer than any I had previously slept on" (147).

  2. Art essay Thesis: what elements of Dada and Surrealism suggest the influence of ...

    of dreams, however keep in mind that this theory was greatly dealt and used by many surrealist artist. Therefore, in this section I will discuss Freud's theory concerning dreams, free association and transference. (And, by transference we mean it's: the redirection of feelings and desires and especially of those unconsciously

  1. What was new about Michelangelo's treatment of religious themes in sculpture?

    The bodies of the two seem to merge into one another and into the actual stone of the piece itself. However, the emotion of the piece and its intention is arguably clearer than that of the original 'Pieta'. Like the original 'Pieta', the dimensions of the Rondanini are impossible.

  2. AS Photography - Image based study

    Penn has excluded everything but his main subject from the picture. In this sense the viewer is forced to look at something that although very common (this was rubbish found on the streets after all) is now given a different perspective.

  1. AS Photography Statement of Intent and brainstorm examples

    I believe that I will be able to use the techniques that I have learned so far (such as differential focus or shutter exploitation) to very good effect in still life photography and the photographs I produce. I would also like to explore the use of scale within still life pictures.

  2. Applications of Photography

    These three things are part of what makes a good photo within photojournalism. The composition of most photos within photojournalism are the same. The colouring is usually black and white portraying the underlying horrors within the photos that are possibly not pictured so that we can see them.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work