• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Renoir. The great, nineteenth century French painter Pierre-Auguste Renoir was born in Limoges on the 25th February 1841.

Extracts from this document...


Renoir The great, nineteenth century French painter Pierre-Auguste Renoir was born in Limoges on the 25th February 1841. Renoir came from a rather narrow middle class background. His family moved to Paris in 1845, hopping for better prospects, they did not get them. Renoir had almost 60 years of his life as an artist, during this time he is said to have produced about 6000 pictures. With the exception of Picasso, this was the most profitable achievement of any painter. When Renoir first showed signs of being talented at painting and drawing, he could only make use of his gift by working in a china factory. At the age of 13 he worked in a porcelain factory painting flowers and shepherd scenes onto coffee cups, bowls plates and tea & coffeepots. Renoir only spent four years as a porcelain painter. He then turned to painting lady's fans and church banners. His work's soon began to ear him money and by the time he was 21 he had enough money to join the College of Fine Art in Paris. Renoir's paintings turned out to be the most daring and progressive, of the class. Certain objects lent themselves more than others to Renoir's style of painting and drawing. Such things were tree foliage, flowers, water, clouds, smoke and skirts. Characters were meant to look graceful but casual. Renoir went on to become a great impressionist. ...read more.


His paintings turned out to be quite daring and the most progressive of all. His principle was to paint only what could be seen with ones eye and render this as faithfully as possible. The Babizon painters had started this, but most of their paintings had been done inside in the studio so they lacked the brightness that made objects beautiful, outside in the sunlight. In their task to paint nature more and more truthfully the painter cam up against the problem of coloured shadows. On close inspections the painters discovered that there are many different shades even in shadows, with blue as the predominant colour. This was something that could only be studied outside and for this reason Renoir did most of his paintings outside. What they were looking for was beauty in the life of people around them. Renoir's first masterpiece was 'LISE' of 1867, it was displayed in the Salon the next spring. It was a life-size portrait of a girl friend, Lise. The sort of portrait normally only used for royalty. Three years later Renoir used Lise as his model for his 'Woman of Algiers', a spectacular painting in oriental style, which was fashionable at the time. Now the 'impression of nature' had been put into practise in Renoir's pictures. Once the discion was made that scenes like these should be painted rather than a bathing lady, it was obvious to see that a new subject had to be matched with the artist's new styles. ...read more.


Renoir always seemed to bring his paintings to life by contrasting colours. He once said that black was the queen of colours. Renoir painted a large number of children's portraits during the year of 1876. He developed a rosy complexion to children's skin, he gave gentleness to their eyes. In his portraits Renoir gave his subjects a pose that was both natural and characteristic. He always tried to make an impression that was true to life. The seventies were such a fruitful period in Renoir's life, he also did lots of landscapes, among these was his 'Country footpath in summer', it's perticuly beautiful and quite typical. His landscapes were, nearly always dominated by flowers and other colourful effects. After 1888 all of Renoir's paintings had a beautiful quality to them. His pictures had strong sparkling colours that were evenly distributed. The colours he used had become even more bright and powerful. Whenever he painted people in a natural environment he linked their surroundings by using the same colours and textures, this kept your attention on the person. Renoir , when not under instructions, always seemed to paint overweight women, I chose him for my art project because he was one of the painters that started a whole new style of art and made art beautiful and decorative. Before art was just made to make you feel a certain way and was often ugly, from my point of view. Renoir died on the 3rd of December 1919., he is buried in Essoyes cemetery. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Art & Design section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Art & Design essays

  1. Standing Female Nude

    In both traditions, the model becomes the repository for the artist's repressed urges and anxieties, and the act of painting itself becomes comparable to sexual intercourse. Drawing specific attention to this aspect, Duffy has the model evocatively describe the conclusion of the painting session: "When it's finished / he shows me proudly, lights a cigarette" (26-27).

  2. An Examination of the Pre 20th Century Female Nude Painted by Men

    This is either for her dignity and poise or it is symbolising embarrassment. In my opinion, nakedness is often addressed with bashfulness whereas the nude is referred to with virtue, something beautiful and captivating. Therefore I question if this particular painting deserves the title of a first female 'nude' but instead a 'naked' female.

  1. Impressionist and Post Impressionist Artists - Claude Monet.

    The landscapes of the final years, much affected by C�zanne's modern day practice in watercolor, have a more transparent and unfinished look, while the last figure paintings once more had a somber and spiritual mood.

  2. Self, Body and Portrait

    Yet not all self - portraits by women were of this nature, it was also common for women artists to show themselves playing music or with their families, as represented by sixteenth century Italian artist Sofonisba Anguissola. Sofonisba Anguissola Tracy Emin is one such artist whose works cannot be described

  1. john martin paintings

    The Great Day of His Wrath is very lurid and reminds me of science fiction like paintings. Martin was influenced by both William Blake's visionary art and poetry and Mary Shelley's early sci-fi novel, The Last Man (1826). His painting is a vision of hell on earth leading to an apocalyptic disaster.

  2. 'The Royal Pavilion, Brighton, reflects fashionable tastes

    The neo-classical style was also so fashionable because the building tryed to reflect the influence of the ancient Greeks and the Romans, it was compleatly different to the Romantic idea in fact it was the opposit of it. When the Prince used the neo-classical style to build the Marine Pavilion

  1. Gavin Turk was born in 1967 in

    He told us of how a drunkern man just having left a night club, mistaking the bronze work for a real man, kicked it. This is a perfect example of what Turk is trying to highlight the fact that people have prejudice towards what people look like or their status in society.

  2. What Makes A Portrait

    hair accessories as well as donning glamorous looking jewellery, the woman could be one of two things; out of her usual surroundings or out of her usual attire in order for a special occasion or, perhaps in denial of her true class.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work