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Show the Links Between Dada/Surrealism and Pop Art.

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Introduction

AN ESSAY TO SHOW THE LINKS BETWEEN DADA/SURREALISM AND POP ART. Art comes in a great variety. Different periods inspire different movements, reflected in the work of the artists. However some of these movements do have their linkages. By looking aspects such as stimulation and influences of these movements is seems clear to establish the fact that many periods are linked to each other, some more obviously than others. Surrealism and Dada were the first chronologically out of the two. The first movement dated to the years of World War 1. After the war art in France split up into two styles. Both of the styles were linked to different ideas of ideologies. The first was Purism. Purism was the movement which promoted the idea that we should 'return to order' in both art and society. This was reflected in the works of artists which used Purism in their work. Purism as a whole rejected the more extreme work of the abstraction of cubism. However, very controversially, the Purists work was actually closely related to Cubism, although it was distinctly clear that the Purists works were considerably closer to the actual form than the Cubists.

Middle

In this century it also admired, and included in its exhibitions, works by the Italian Giorgio de Chirico, the Russian Marc Chagall, the Swiss Paul Klee, the French artists Marcel Duchamp and Francis Picabia, and the Spaniard Pablo Picasso, none of whom was ever a member of the Surrealist group. From 1924 the German Max Ernst, the Frenchman Jean Arp, and the American painter and photographer Man Ray were among its members. They were joined for a short time around 1925 by the Frenchman André Masson and the Spaniard Joan Miró, who remained members for some time but were too individualistic as painters to submit to the strong leadership of André Breton, who exercised final authority over the movement. (SEE PICTURE 1) Salvador Dalí's The Persistence of Memory (1931) ranks as one of the most famous paintings of the 20th century. A surrealist, Dalí referred to his work as "hand-painted dream photographs", and claimed that his imagery often came directly from his own dreams. The strange form in this painting's foreground, however, is based on an image from Hieronymus Bosch's The Garden of Earthly Delights (c. 1505-1510).Assemblages would be constructed from bizarre combinations of images and objects isolated from the origins of everyday life; elevated to the world of Surrealism.

Conclusion

An idea can be inspires negatively for example ,to be inspired to change the way someone does something. Pop art was like this as the movement itself, however, began as a reaction against the Abstract Expressionist style of the 1940s and 1950s, which the Pop Artists considered over-intellectual, subjective, and divorced from reality. Adopting the aim of the American composer John Cage-to close the gap between life and art-Pop Artists embraced the environment of everyday life.Pop art was the inspiration of artists to take a different perspective on surrealism, to take a more random commercial and powerful approach. The greatest link between Pop Art and Surrealism/Dada is the aims of artists. Pop artists aimed to be impersonal-that is, to allow the viewer to respond directly to the object, rather than to the skill and personality of the artist. Surrealists aimed to create images inspired by the unconscious to unlock the unconscious. Both movements aimed to put meaning into their work by one way or another. To conclude art is to inspire and to be inspired. Ideas are recycled and regurgitated over and over again. Links are obvious between some movements and less with others.

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