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Surrealism - artists and techniques.

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Surrealism, a type of art where peoples dreams are brought to life in paintings, drawings or any other technique used in fine art. It is the unusual images which are expressed by surrealist artists which caught my eye. I decided to use surrealism as my project because of these unusual images, as they are a lot different to other types of art that I have witnessed. This type of art was brought to life by Andre Breton in 1924 and since then there have been many artists following the path of Breton including Max Ernst, Joan Miro, Giorgio De Chirico and the most well-known Surrealist Salvador Dali. Surrealist art can be described as an attempt to express the workings of the subconscious mind. The images expressed in surrealist art are usually fantasy and do not agree with reality. Animals, objects, backgrounds and even forces on earth that would never occur in reality would be seen in a surrealist painting. There are many other techniques used in surrealist art which make the art different from reality. This could include using different patterns and colours to disfiguring shapes and changing backgrounds. These will be investigated further on. There are many types of surrealism, not all of surrealist art includes fantasy. Many surrealist pieces of art can look like real environments. The shapes of objects don't need to be changed at all and objects do not need to be added or moved. The main property surrealist art has is the unusual juxtaposition of objects. The piece of art may be about an environment which is real but the properties in the art are unusual e.g. the shadows or vanishing points. Many pieces of surrealist art usually show a lot of difference from reality as this makes the work more unusual and unfamiliar. This makes the work more interesting to the viewer as it is different to what they usually see in realist paintings. ...read more.


The main reason for his art looking so much different to other surrealist artists is that he was more flexible with his work. Many other surrealist artists joined groups, and to stay within the group they didn't produce art which nobody else in the group disliked. If they did, they could be ejected from the group. Therefore Miro allowed himself to experiment more freely with his art and constantly change his technique. Miro started using fauve colours and made the lines around the objects imprecise. Even though he liked this technique, he didn't want to stay using the same technique all his life, so he started using darker colours in some of his later paintings and used more precise lines. He used more precise lines mainly in the paintings which had many objects in them. This helped the objects to stand out more from each other. This was not needed in paintings with more objects. His paintings were also very humorous. In them he distorted animal shapes, had strange geometrical shapes, and also twisted organic shapes. A lot of the objects were surrounded by lines, circles or large dots. These were often against a neutral background usually with the colours red, blue, green, yellow and black. All these together produced a dream like image, as none of it seemed to make any sense like most dreams don't. Dreams can be about anything which explains some random work on his paintings. They also explain the subconscious mind, as the mind would be distorted. The painting 'Dutch interior 1' shows a person playing an instrument which looks like a guitar or another string instrument. The person is playing the instrument in a room with many other items in it. Miro transformed this image in into a very surrealist image. The shape of the figure playing the instrument is changed to a circular shape and the bodies detail has all been taken away. ...read more.


His art is more representational surrealism, as the portrayal of his images and the way he represents his images is unusual. It is how objects are put together which also makes his paintings unusual. Many of his paintings are still discussed, as there are many different opinions of what the meanings of paintings are. There are many anatomical surprises in his paintings. These include a hand which has a wrist which is a woman's face. Also a stone bird flying over a rocky shoreline. Also there are mysterious occurrences in his paintings such as an open door opening showing some unusual view. He also likes to animate objects which in reality would never be animated. This includes a shoe which has toes on the end of it. One of his most famous features is corresponding related words into one image (One of the words is usually an animal) e.g. A mountain eagle, which is a mountain with an eagles features Magritte often gave familiar things new meanings in his artwork and often confused people with what he wrote on his paintings. For example the paintings 'The Treachery of Images' (1928, Oil on Canvas) shows a pipe with, in French, some writing saying this is not a pipe. This confused people because it the image was of a pipe, but actually what he said was true, because it was an image not something real. As he said himself 'try to stuff it with tobacco!'. Another one of his paintings which is quite hard to understand is the painting 'The Lovers 1' (Oil on canvas) which shows two figures with their face covered with a blanket of some sort. After finding out about Magrittes early tragic life, the painting is more clear. The haunting image of his dead mother with her face covered with her dress clearly gives the idea for the paintings. The painting is quite haunting which expresses Magrittes thoughts. In my opinion the painting shows his mother and father. They both died at an early stage of his life and he probably didn't get to know them very well. ...read more.

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