• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Arts and Crafts movement was a reaction to the industrial revolution.

Extracts from this document...


Design Essay 1 Rowan Milne Due to the industrial revolution in the 18th century, materials such as furniture etc were increasingly being mass-produced in order to meet demand. This led to a decrease in the amount of hand made products, as they would tend to be more expensive than the mass-produced goods. Eventually this resulted in fewer people having the individual artistic skills needed to produce these objects. However, although manufactured goods were cheap they lacked individuality and artistic value; this led to many people rejecting these items. The Arts and Crafts movement was a reaction to the industrial revolution. There were many types of people involved in this movement, such as designers, architects, poets, authors and musicians. They wanted to reach out from the manufactured market and to re-instate a society, which involved individuality and the need for original design. One method of enforcing this movement was to produce more objects by craftsmen and avoid the use of machinery. People involved in this movement were influenced and inspired by medieval designs and natural things such as birds and flowers. Many techniques from the past were also used to produce pieces of art, for e.g., stained glass window making, tapestry and weaving. ...read more.


Designs form this movement often used subtle colours and a clever use of line and space. By the end of the 19th century there were many technological developments which allowed artists to experiment with new techniques and use materials they may have previously found difficult to use in art, such as iron, steel, concrete and glass. Using these types of materials encouraged artists to experiment with creative styles and experiment with structure. At this time technological developments in printing processes were also being developed and this was very advantageous for graphic designers because it allowed them to experiment with new styles. Art Nouveau designers took their inspiration from nature. Plants and flowers were the main themes. In different countries the designs varied slightly but this was mainly due to the varied tastes in each place. Other elements which influenced the designers were the female from and insects such as dragonflies. These themes were often just used as a starting point for the designer who could later develop these ideas into imaginative designs. Louis Comfort Tiffany was a designer who was also very interested in stained glass design and he also looked to nature for inspiration. ...read more.


He also used a technique, which produced gem like lumps of glass by whirling the molten glass round on a rod. These gems would catch the light at different angles and create colourful effects. Tiffany's work was an exciting breakthrough because his glass windows were created in an entirely original way and differed hugely from previous designers work. His glass windows had amazing use of light, colour and texture. In 1912 Tiffany created the 'Peacock window' featured below. William Morris was a prime example of an artist involved in the Arts and crafts movement and he helped to express the significance of the movement at the time. Lois comfort Tiffany was linked to the Arts and Crafts movement to a certain extent and he also based his designs around plants and natural things and his new and inspired styles convey his involvement in art nouveau. I personally find both of the pieces of artwork I investigate to be particularly stunning. They are both very original and use different styles and a varied use of colour. The detail in each of the windows is spectacular and the flowing natural pattern draws your eye to the elaborate detail in the glass designs. Although each of the artists work is very different I enjoyed the windows they have designed equally. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Art & Design section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Art & Design essays

  1. AS Photography - Image based study

    Again Penn has used a neutral white background for the photograph which means that all of the viewer's attention is focused on his main subject matter and is not distracted. He has taken the photograph from a very close angle which also adds emphasis to his subject.

  2. Surrealism - artists and techniques.

    He wants the sky to be filled with large beasts or machinery and the supports keep them up. If wings were used on beasts, they would have to be used on machinery to match the rest of the paintings. This would look strange on the machinery so wings are not used.

  1. ferdinand porsche and design of the volkswagen beetle

    His first project was a middle class car named the Wanderer. As the business expanded Porsche wanted to go back and work on one of his designs he had thought up at one of his other jobs. The design was a small car he had started to think up in his days at Daimler-Benz.

  2. alec issigonis and the design of the mini cooper

    Luckily for Lord his plan worked and a while after launch, the Mini really took off and has been a great success financially. The unique thing about the Mini is that it is one of the longest running models of car ever still ongoing today.

  1. Art Essay

    water reflections o Western Art - Realism CONCEPTUAL FRAME: AUDIENCE o Water Lillie's: looks at paint and qualities of paint, moves, and atmosphere. Interested in how do we look and see things. o Artworks were solid and reflective --> Monet interested in reflections.

  2. To what extent do you consider these stereotypes accurate, and to what extent do ...

    These qualities that often associate with scientists are the reason that they are so highly regarded in our world, as they are able to become detach from themselves and just looking at hard facts to make assumptions. Scientists are wedded to reason, to the meticulous working out of consequences from

  1. How is the technique of movement created in Optical Art? What effects does it ...

    Many critics denounced Op art, saying that it had been done before and that it was just glorification of basic design and psychology textbooks. However, for those three years, Op art influenced a variety of fields, such as fashion, fabrics, poster design and interior decor.

  2. "The arts deal in the particular, the individual and the personal while the sciences ...

    These creations therefore allow different interpretations and make the art not only personal to the artist, but also to the spectator. The way in which one interprets art depends on the environment and the experience of the individual. Personal comprehension is a determining step in art.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work