• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Tolstoy's Philosophy of Art.

Extracts from this document...


Chrystal Fortugno January 10, 2004 Prof. Bunch Philosophy of Art Tolstoy's Philosophy of Art Tolstoy approaches art with a very specific and narrow view of what is real and what is counterfeit in classifying artwork and what makes a work of art good or bad. Tolstoy believes that a work of art can be classified as "real" if and only if "one man consciously by means of certain external signs, hands on to others feelings he has lived through, and that others are infected by these feelings and also experience them" (10). He believes that art can only be defined as real by its ability to make the audience feel what the artist had intended to convey with his/her artwork. ...read more.


Tolstoy claims that any piece of art, no matter how beautiful, intriguing, interesting, poetic, striking, or realistic cannot be defined as real unless it also maintains this quality of infectiousness. After defining the difference between real and counterfeit art, Tolstoy goes on to relay the difference between what classifies good and bad art. Tolstoy claims that good art is found in two categories. The first one is "religious art - transmitting both positive feelings of love of God and one's neighbor..." and the second one is "good universal art" which is so "free from superfluous detail that the story may be told to any circle and will be equally comprehensible and touching to everyone" (519). ...read more.


Bull's Head by Picasso is a representation based on resemblance, therefore an imitation and could be considered counterfeit. The "Idol from Amorgos" would be considered by Tolstoy to be a form of idolatry, therefore not good Christian art. The Black Quadrilateral by Kazimir Malevich would more than likely be defined by Tolstoy as counterfeit because it doesn't seem to express or transmit an expression of a feeling that the artist intended to convey. The statue of David by Donatello would more than likely be defined as counterfeit by Tolstoy because of what may be some type of political meaning. Anything ecclesiastical or patriotic is not good art in Tolstoy's opinion as well. It seems to me that Tolstoy would probably classify a good majority of what the world considers to be good art today as counterfeit and would certainly label most of it as bad. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Art & Design section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Art & Design essays

  1. Graffiti art is an art form.

    They range from the ultra-rich to the ultra-poor. There is no general classification of the kids Graffitist range in age from 12-30 years old, and there are male and female artists. In the past, graffiti artists usually worked alone, but the size and complexity of pieces as well as safety concerns motivated artists to work together in crews,

  2. Does Religious Art have any Relevance in Today's Society?

    do but some know legal means which can be taken in order to get the other person to respect the rights of others." To me, this story goes to show that religious art still has a way of bring out the passion in people and the will to fight for their beliefs.

  1. Line " the essence of art, the language of free expression.

    Horizontal Line represents a sense of rest or pause because the earth seems to be horizontal therefore objects that are parallel to earth looks restful. Horizontal Line gives the idea of space and imply a continuation of a picture beyond the plane to the left or and right such as Turner's painting "London".

  2. Collage which is, in essence, the incorporation of any extraneous matter on to the ...

    In his picture called GUITAR he uses pieces of wallpaper, newspaper and coloured paper all in collage process. It was stuck to the canvas, charcoaled, pencilled and painted over in watercolour. Thee guitar itself is broken up into different sections, and then rearranged in an unrealistic but still recognisable manner, so it is not abstract.

  1. Free essay

    Art History & Philosophy 1) In a democracy, ought members of a persistent ...

    they have been largely unsuccessful in doing so. The vast majority of smokers do in fact obey the law even if they do not agree with it and continue to smoke when allowed the legal right to do so. As a former smoker I can fully appreciate how aggrieved some smokers feel about the right to smoke being

  2. Is Graffiti Art?

    Writers or graffiti artists, as they are more commonly known, could travel by train, hitting as many subway cars as possible. After a while there were so many people writing and tagging that writers needed a new way to gain fame.

  1. Discuss the extent to which the international art market is a regulator in the ...

    talented artists, good art, thereafter raising the relative value of a work of art. Therefore and based on this statement, this essay will consider arguments for the market as the regulator of the supply of art and point out some of the problems with this market's function "What is considered art changes over time..."

  2. Paula Rego: Her Art and Her Story

    Even though she does not elaborate on this, I take this to mean that her art is a portrayal of key events within her life. My idea is based upon paintings I looked at before writing this essay, so I could decide for myself what I thought her art showed and the layers of emotion her art conceals.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work