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Business Management Approaches. The three management theories, of classical, behavioural and contingency each add something of value for todays manager.

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Introduction

Business Essay Throughout the concept of business management, research has formulated three variations of management approaches. These management approaches differ from each other in concepts such as managing people, making decisions, organizing workplaces and solving problems. The three management theories, of classical, behavioural and contingency each add something of value for today's manager. Throughout the information below, each management approach will be effectively explained and analysed. The classical approach of management incorporates a hierarchical pyramid structure that aims at planning, organising and controlling the operations of workers and the business in order to obtain optimal productivity. This is implemented through planning, organising and controlling. Planning determines where the business is going and how it should get there. A number of questions are asked in order to obtain the best alternatives for the business. Organising incorporates the planning ideas with the means of accomplishing through the use of human and material resources, in order to reach the goals of the business. ...read more.

Middle

This approach heavily relies on planning, organising and controlling to improve the function of a business. A behavioural approach of management refers to the application of psychological research to the relationship between employers and employees in businesses. It is found that Good management focuses on motivating, leading and directing, as well as understanding how groups influences communications, interpersonal relations and the concept of authority. Managers who follow this approach involve employees in the development of a business's policies and procedures as the levels of middle management are eliminated, thus creating vast communication between workers and management. This increases output as workers feel part of a team and feel that their social welfare is being looked after. In this approach the span of control is much wider as there are larger groups of workers and supervisors to look over. The plus side to this, is that the chain of command is smaller, meaning information can reach the CEO quicker on issues that need to be addressed. ...read more.

Conclusion

This allows for a great deal of flexibility and adaptability to suit the businesses requirements. These adaptions may be required in the case of business factors, such as size, changing business environments, individual differences, routine technologies etc. There is no set organisational structure of the contingency approach as it is structured to the businesses needs; it may be a hierarchical pyramid structure, flat or decentralised. This is much the same with the leadership style; the manager can apply any management style for the requirements of the business. This approach advocates that managers extract the most useful ideas and practices from a wide range, to best suit the business. The three management approaches contribute to the business in different aspects and have conflicting views on contemporary management practices. They incorporate different business structures as the contingency approach can utilise any management style. From the text above we gain that the contingency approach seems to be the most suitable as it accounts for all changes in the internal and external business environment. ...read more.

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