• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Capital Expenditures

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Capital Expenditures Capital expenditures have a significant impact on the financial performance of the firm; therefore, criteria for selecting projects must be evaluated with great care. Of the two corporations the firm is deciding to acquire, Corporation B is clearly the better investment as shown in Table 1 supported by the following data: net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR), payback period, profitability index (PI), discounted payback period, and modified internal rate of return (MIRR) in addition to 5 year projections of income and cash flows. Decision Method Corp A Corp B NPV 20,979 40,252 IRR 13.05% 16.94% MIRR 11.79% 14.36% PI 8.39% 16.10% Payback 4.64 4.31 Discounted Payback 4.40 4.76 Table 1: Decision Method Results (See Excel Spreadsheet for details) The 5 year projections of both Corporations A and B's income statements and cash flows indicate that between the two corporations, Corporation B will maximize the firm's value the most. This decision is further evidenced by the net present value obtained for both corporations. NPV is defined as the sum of the present values of the annual cash flows minus the initial investment. If the net present value (NPV) of all cash flows is positive, the project will be profitable. The NPVs for both corporations suggest that both projects are worthwhile, since each has a positive NPV, however, since the firm can only acquire one of the corporations, it must choose the acquisition of the corporation with a higher NPV - Corporation B. ...read more.

Middle

Again, while acquisitions of either corporation will benefit the firm, the MIRR supports the acquisition of Corporation B over Corporation A since Corporation B has a higher MIRR than Corporation A. The profitability index (PI) is defined as the ratio of the present value of the future free cash flows to the initial outlay. Corporation A provides a PI of 8.39% while corporation B provides a PI of 16.10%. Since profitability indexes are greater than 1.0 for both corporations, acquisition of either company will benefit the firm. However, data show that the present value of future benefits from Corporation B is greater than that of Corporation A. Corporation B will have 16.10% times the level of the initial outlay while Corporation A will have 8.39% times the level of the initial outlay. This decision supports the recommendation made based on NPV, IRR and MIRR rules. When resources are limited and a choice must be made between competing projects as is the case for this firm, the profitability index is a good investment criteria as it takes into account NPV for each dollar invested. The payback period represents the amount of time that it takes for a capital budgeting project to recover its initial cost. When choosing projects, the project with the quickest payback should be chosen. Acquisition of Corporation B would payback the initial cost in 4.31 years while Corporation A would payback in 4.64 the difference of which is negligible. ...read more.

Conclusion

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Revenues 150000 162000 174960 188957 204073 Expenses 60000 66000 72600 79860 87846 Depreciation 10000 10000 10000 10000 10000 Earnings Before Interest and Taxes 80000 86000 92360 99097 106227 Taxable Income 80000 86000 92360 99097 106227 Taxes (25%) 20000 21500 23090 24774 26557 Net Income 60000 64500 69270 74323 79670 Corporation A Cash Flow Corporation B Cash Flow Discount Rate 0.1 0.11 Year 0 -250000 -250000 1 61250 70000 2 66500 74500 3 72163 79270 4 78262 84323 5 84823 89670 PV of future Cash Flows $270,980 $290,251 NPV $20,980 $40,251 IRR 13.05% 16.94% Profitability Index 8.39% 16.10% Modified IRR 11.79% 14.36% Corp A Cash Flow Corp A Net Cash Flow Corp B Cash Flow Corp B Net Cash Flow Year 0 -250000 -250000 -250000 -250000 1 61250 -188750 70000 -180000 2 66500 -122250 74500 -105500 3 72163 -50087 79270 -26230 4 78262 28175 84323 58093 5 84823 112998 89670 147763 Payback Period 4.64 4.31 Payback Period = Last year with a negative NCF + (Absolute value of NCF in that year/Total CF the following year) Corporation A Cash Flow Corp A Discounted CF Corp A Running Total Corporation B Cash Flow Corp B Discounted CF Corp B Running Total Year 0 -250000 -250,000 -250,000 -250000 -250000 -250000 1 61250 55682 -194318 70000 63063 -186937 2 66500 54959 -139360 74500 60466 -126471 3 72163 54217 -85142 79270 57962 -68510 4 78262 53454 -31688 84323 55546 -12963 5 84823 52668 20980 89670 53215 40251 Discounted Payback Period 4.40 4.76 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Accounting & Financial Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Accounting & Financial Management essays

  1. A2 Business CourseWork

    Unemployment: With the level of unemployment in the UK being 7.8% at the moment compared to nearer 3% just 2 years ago it means that fewer people have a sustainable, regular income which essentialy pushes spending down. Essentially it means, perhaps obviously the greater number of people out of work,

  2. Financial Ratio Analysis.

    There are two basic methods for keeping track of sales income and the money paid out for expenses: Cash accounting and Accrual Accounting. Typically, businesses with revenue of more than a few million dollars choose accrual accounting to handle the greater financial complexity that company face.

  1. Mergers & Acquisitions

    Also there might be an improvement in the product. The improvements make the habits and fashions change much quicker. Define economies of scale and specialization as they are used in the content of mergers and acquisitions. Answer: Economies of scale refer to fall in cost.

  2. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the decision of pursuing an MBA ...

    I was working till 2009 but I wanted to do an MBA. Currently my salary is $36,000 per annum and if I join MBA after two years I am expecting to get a salary of $60,000 per year. This is an increase in salary of about $24,000 per year.

  1. Business Income and Expenditure

    In most cases, only tangible assets are referred to as fixed. Building: A Building can be used for many things such as, renting a room, apartment or a building. As people might open up a business for the first time they may not usually buy the building or take a

  2. Estimate the cost of equity appropriate for the evaluation of the incremental cash flow ...

    The detailed calculation is provided in the Appendix 1. From the table, we notice that the betas of 3 diversified chemical producers American Chemical, Kerr-McGee and Int. Minerals and Chemicals (Ga is a paper company and Pennwalt is a large diversified chemical producer) is less than the market beta (1.00).

  1. Explain the difference between capital income, revenue income, capital expenditure and revenue expenditure.

    It also may it set of customers. This will increase the value of the business and also may increase the selling price of the business. A sum of money is added to the value of the business to reflect the value if this goodwill.

  2. I am going to produce a report which assesses the working capital management of ...

    Prepaid: these are expenses that have been paid for in advance but services or products have not yet been used. Example of prepaid expenses is insurance and business rates. Other examples of current assets are bank balances and cash in the till.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work