• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Concepts & Principles of International Management - Management Style Manual & Survival Guide for Working and Living in Spain

Extracts from this document...


Concepts & Principles of International Management Management Style Manual & Survival Guide for Working and Living in Spain To - By - Date - 21 - May - 2007 Introduction Situated in south-western Europe, Spain's geographical diversity embraces landscapes that range from deserts and coastal beaches to snow-covered mountains. Spain's diverse and unique regions are not only geographically and climatically different, but form a multifaceted compound of personalities and identities. Spain has a population of approximately 41 million. With Madrid being the capital, Spain consists of 17 autonomous communities and Castilian Spanish is the official language. It is the first language of over 72% of the population. English is less widely spoken than in other major European countries and it is gauged that around one in four Spaniards have a good command of English. With the democratic transition after 1975, the joining the European Community in 1986 and the participation in the European Economic and Monetary Union Spain has established a base for a long-term economic boost. Its economy is the eighth biggest worldwide and the fifth largest in Europe. Spanish economy has experienced good economic growth and proved itself to be one of the best exercising economies in the European Union. Growth arose from good economic management, lower taxes, employment growth and low interest rates. The country's economy has created more than half of all the new jobs in the EU over the five years ending 2005. During the last four decades the Spanish tourism industry has grown to become the second biggest in the world. Furthermore companies are among the largest investors in South America. In Spain the family is the fundament of the social structure and includes both the core and the extended family, which sometimes provides both a social and a financial support network. However, familial networks have become less tight. The structure and the size of the family diversify, but in the main people have less children than before, and fewer people live in their homes with extended family. ...read more.


Where different sectors are concerned, the report unveils how directors in the financial sector tend to use leadership styles that are more direct, transactional and less oriented to learning. While companies in the technology sector give more importance to coaching and vision. MONOCHRONIC vs. POLYCHRONIC Spaniards can be classed as polychronic where nothing seems solid or firm, and there are always changes right up to the very last minute or even in plans for the future. Polychronic cultures are unconventional and flexible with time because it is not seen as a resource or as opportunity cost. Usually start times are flexible and schedules are unrushed. For example, it is not considered to be impolite to keep people waiting, as long as it does not exceed 30 minutes. Since time is also non-linear Spanish tend to manage several tasks at once, often in an unplanned sequence (e.g. salespeople in stores talk to several people at once rather than give only one customer their attention and taking people in turn; a meeting can be interrupted by a phone call; etc.). Another significant cultural difference is the smaller radius of personal space in Spain. Spaniards are most likely not to appologise when bumping into each other or pushing their way through crowds, which can be a shock to visitors from foreign countries. In the business environment, when it comes to forecasting, plans are often based on assumptions, intuition and experience because every day is regarded as unpredictable. Spaniards in the business environment usually make decisions based on judgement, experience and political realities. The supervisory style allows for the rules to be circumvented, whereas style and creativity are highly valued. Titles describe a person's status, which people take pride in, causing great motivation for competition in organisations. Additionally, personal feelings affect the performance. Spanish managers feel that the employees must be watched, thus giving them the total control where also mistakes can be blamed on other people. ...read more.


Tipping everybody is very common in Spanish culture; a tip of 5% in restaurants will be appreciated. DRESS ETIQUETTE Appearance is extremely important to Spaniards. They place greater value on formal dressing than many other Europeans. In Spain it is necessary to project good taste in apparel. If you want to leave a lasting impression, look fashionable and smart; dress conservatively and try to avoid bright or flashy colours, for it is not favoured to stand out. Business attire includes suits and ties, even in warm weather, as shorts are rarely worn in public. However, the jacket can be taken off during a meeting, if the senior person may do so. Female business travellers are best off in well-cut suits, dresses, blouses and skirts, and they should accentuate their femininity through impeccable hair. Elegant accessories are significant for both male and female. If you get a formal invitation to a party, you should wear a black tuxedo for men and a cocktail dress for women, always in conservative colours. Business casual usually means a clean and fashionable designer cotton shirt and good pants, and of course, no tie. WORKING HOURS and HOLIDAY The opening hours of shops or businesses are regulated by the government. However, working hours can vary across Spain. Traditional working hours in Spain are Saturday morning and Monday to Friday from 9:00-9:30 until 13:30-14:00. After a few hours for lunch and a siesta, people return to work from 16:30-17:00 until 19:30-20:00. However, Spanish working hours have become more "Europeanised" in recent years, particularly in the northern cities, where people tend to finish earlier and shorten their lunch break. In the summer months, when most people take their vacations, many organisations set an abbreviated work schedule called horario intensive, whereas employees work from 8 am till 3 pm. During vacation time (usually taken in August), by law, the employees under contract are entitled to a whole month of vacation each year. Additionally, when a holiday falls on a Tuesday or a Thursday, it is common in the office to take the preceding Monday or following Friday off. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level ICT in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level ICT in Business essays

  1. For my business report I am investigating the Co-op erative society supermarket.

    Providing the services and vital support the business needs to function. 3. The ICT function is also responsible for providing the technical staff the business need to carry put its activities. They are responsible for undertaking all aspects pertaining to internal communications and I.T 4.

  2. Business Aims and Objectives.

    Access to personnel data may also be restricted. External communications External communications are sent or received over the internet. Large organisations such as Tesco are connected to the internet by broadband and are constantly online. The internet in a large organisation such as Tesco can be used for many reasons

  1. Strategic Management of Ebay

    based on the uncertainty factor eBay need consider a strategic alliances more specifically non-equity alliances via licensing agreements with these independent drop-off stores to manage this exchange. By doing so eBay reduces the transaction specific investment and converts these costs into fixed rather than variable in nature.

  2. In this coursework I need to produce a detailed business report on one medium-sized ...

    The system helps to control the movement of stock and the activity of staff. Thus when a person has finished a particular job, the computer decides which would be the most efficient job to allocate next to that person, based on his or her current position in the warehouse.

  1. In this report I intend to create a detailed report of Tesco's.

    Tesco main objective is finding fashionable clothing and being able to sell them at a moderate price. * Better value is what Tosco's motto is. Tesco is known, for selling top quality goods at low prices. Tesco objective is to keep this motto and to carrying it out through out the years ahead.

  2. The history behind the Boots.

    different sections relate to each other Within these sections the directing and supervisory structure is set out like this throughout the business This is Richard Baker; he is the chief executive of Boots PLC. He does not work in a store but control along with Howard Dodd Paul Bateman the running nationwide of the Boots Empire.

  1. This report will look at McDonalds as an international business, but also focus on ...

    Plus an opening cost of $45,000 The disadvantages of franchise ownership for McDonalds are: * Less control over the management of the restaurant. * Less profits, because the franchiser would 'hopefully' take a cut of them. * More risk for the company's image, as the franchiser may not have the skill, ability or knowledge of running a business.

  2. An Evaluation of Performance Related Pay and its Viability Within Public Sector Education

    2.2 Why chosen subject? The implementation of performance related pay is not easy in any type of organisation, however, the system is by far the most challenging to implement for public sector non-profit organisations. It is commonplace to hear 'complaints about difficulties measuring (public sector)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work