• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss what organisations are and why do they exist. Explaining how they tend to change over time.

Extracts from this document...


121BSS Introduction to Business Organisations Coursework 1 Discuss what organisations are and why do they exist. Explaining how they tend to change over time. An organisation is a formal group of people with one or more common goals. Organisations exist in many different forms within the private and public sector. "The public sector is the part of economic and administrative life that deals with delivery of goods and services by and for the government" Fire services, Education and Healthcare are examples of public sector services. Public sector companies exist to supply a quality service to the society which ensures they live content and healthy lives. The NHS is an example of a public sector company. They provide the majority of the healthcare in the UK. The NHS is free for all patients ordinarily resident in the UK at the point of use. Patients over 60 and under 16, with certain medical conditions, and those with low incomes, are exempt from paying any prescriptions fees. "The private sector consists of those entities which are not controlled by the government" e.g. private companies, non-governmental organisations and charities. These businesses exist to make profit, survive and grow. ...read more.


There are some private sector organisations whose objectives are non-profit based which aim to benefit a particular cause or social group i.e. under privileged children. One such organisation is the NSPCC which specializes in child protection and preventing cruelty to children. Private sector and public sector organisations don't operate in isolation and frequently supply services to each other. For example, the NHS requires supplies e.g. needles, apparatus and these are provided by private sector organisations. Both private and public sector companies contribute a lot to the economy. They both create thousands of jobs and careers for the unemployed. They also work towards providing training for those who are less skilled, thus increasing chances of future employment. This in turn leads to improved incomes and increased taxes to the government. The non-profit sector contributes to social economy by allowing the community to join together to help those in needs e.g. Live Aid. Public sector organisations help to improve the ability of the economy to function. The private sector presents goods and services for consumers. It plays a vital role in generating new investments and providing finance for development. However it can contribute negatively to the economy. ...read more.


The 'trough' is the stage of the business that marks the end of declining business activity. This is the time when a business needs to expand. Organisations need to expand if they are to survive and grow in economy and the business cycle acts as an indicator as to when the business needs to expand. In order for businesses to survive, grow and maximize profit, they need to change over time. The competitive environment might change, with the launch of new products from competitors. Therefore, they need to adapt to the competitive market and to new trends e.g. Top man. They need to keep up with the latest fashion trends so that they can offer consumers the right type of products. A business may change its objectives over time. This may be because the business may achieve an objective and will need to move onto another one e.g. survival in the first year may lead to an objective of increasing profit in the second year. Also, technology may change product designs, so sales and production targets may need to be altered. Businesses may wish to expand because a larger market share means they can charge higher prices and gain more profit. In addition, they need to develop if they wish to compete with other growing businesses. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Structures, Objectives & External Influences section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Structures, Objectives & External Influences essays

  1. The Business Environment Coursework. Describe the type of business, purpose and ownership of ...

    American banks in particular lent money to people for home mortgages that proved unable to repay their obligations. These loans were often repackaged and sold onto other banks, many of which still do not know what they are worth. As a result, banks are unwilling to lend even to each

  2. Btec National Business Level 3 Year 1 - Exploring Business Activity

    Stakeholders Aims Main objectives Directors Make business more successful To direct strategy and major decision making of the business To retain control To increase their own power and status from business growth Employers/Employees Receive wages with bonus for working extra hours To receive a fair wage To ensure good working

  1. For my portfolio, I was asked to do an assignment on two businesses. I ...

    The resources such as tills, computers, and poster are common in United Kingdom because supermarkets such as Argos and many sole traders used to use the same resources used by Vectone Gnanam Telecom Tesco is a supermarket doing their business at higher level and their trends affected in many ways such as competitions, legislations, stakeholders and environmental issues.

  2. Introduction to J Sainsbury plc

    (Source: www.j-sainsbury.co.uk Date: 21st May 2003) TASK 2 2.1.1 A description of the management styles and cultures present within the business. (E4) Sainsbury's Organisational Structure Businesses are structured in different ways according to the way they operate and according to their culture.

  1. Investigation into Cadbury's Plc.

    a year in turnover, has a balance sheet for between 1.4 to 5.6 million and has between 50 to 250 employees working for them Large- This type of size makes 11.2 million plus turnover a year, has a balance sheet of 5.6 million plus and has more than 250 employees working for the company.

  2. Report composed of an interpretation of the ratios for Marks and Spencers and the ...

    As both Marks and Spencer and The House of Fraser are in the retail sector of business, it would be expected that they would have a reasonably high stock turnover. Both companies have seasonal changes in stock, and would expect to have to constantly replace stock.

  1. Investigating Business. Tesco PLC. I will be describing the aims and objectives of ...

    At Tesco/Sainsbury?s teams are structured by functional area e.g. operations?, marketing etc, below is the organisation chart for a Tesco?s Business headquarters: As you can see, Board of directors are at the peak of the business, and the entire departments below report to the board of directors.

  2. Applied Business. Investigating a business Preston Manor High School

    because this salary reduction is a really discouraging factor to every teacher. Statutory Maternity pay ? Preston manor pays staff to leave school for a certain amount of time if an employee is having a new born baby, this is called a Maternity leave.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work