• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss what organisations are and why do they exist. Explaining how they tend to change over time.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

121BSS Introduction to Business Organisations Coursework 1 Discuss what organisations are and why do they exist. Explaining how they tend to change over time. An organisation is a formal group of people with one or more common goals. Organisations exist in many different forms within the private and public sector. "The public sector is the part of economic and administrative life that deals with delivery of goods and services by and for the government" Fire services, Education and Healthcare are examples of public sector services. Public sector companies exist to supply a quality service to the society which ensures they live content and healthy lives. The NHS is an example of a public sector company. They provide the majority of the healthcare in the UK. The NHS is free for all patients ordinarily resident in the UK at the point of use. Patients over 60 and under 16, with certain medical conditions, and those with low incomes, are exempt from paying any prescriptions fees. "The private sector consists of those entities which are not controlled by the government" e.g. private companies, non-governmental organisations and charities. These businesses exist to make profit, survive and grow. ...read more.

Middle

There are some private sector organisations whose objectives are non-profit based which aim to benefit a particular cause or social group i.e. under privileged children. One such organisation is the NSPCC which specializes in child protection and preventing cruelty to children. Private sector and public sector organisations don't operate in isolation and frequently supply services to each other. For example, the NHS requires supplies e.g. needles, apparatus and these are provided by private sector organisations. Both private and public sector companies contribute a lot to the economy. They both create thousands of jobs and careers for the unemployed. They also work towards providing training for those who are less skilled, thus increasing chances of future employment. This in turn leads to improved incomes and increased taxes to the government. The non-profit sector contributes to social economy by allowing the community to join together to help those in needs e.g. Live Aid. Public sector organisations help to improve the ability of the economy to function. The private sector presents goods and services for consumers. It plays a vital role in generating new investments and providing finance for development. However it can contribute negatively to the economy. ...read more.

Conclusion

The 'trough' is the stage of the business that marks the end of declining business activity. This is the time when a business needs to expand. Organisations need to expand if they are to survive and grow in economy and the business cycle acts as an indicator as to when the business needs to expand. In order for businesses to survive, grow and maximize profit, they need to change over time. The competitive environment might change, with the launch of new products from competitors. Therefore, they need to adapt to the competitive market and to new trends e.g. Top man. They need to keep up with the latest fashion trends so that they can offer consumers the right type of products. A business may change its objectives over time. This may be because the business may achieve an objective and will need to move onto another one e.g. survival in the first year may lead to an objective of increasing profit in the second year. Also, technology may change product designs, so sales and production targets may need to be altered. Businesses may wish to expand because a larger market share means they can charge higher prices and gain more profit. In addition, they need to develop if they wish to compete with other growing businesses. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Structures, Objectives & External Influences section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Structures, Objectives & External Influences essays

  1. Btec National Business Level 3 Year 1 - Exploring Business Activity

    control business operation and performance to ensure it remains within national and global laws. Conclusion As much as a business might try, it cannot completely satisfy all of its stakeholders all of the time. Every time a company attempts to satisfy the objectives of other interest groups it is likely,

  2. The Business Environment Coursework. Describe the type of business, purpose and ownership of ...

    The performance is measured early on to see how well they are doing in achieving the goals. The objectives need to be made SMART; this is an acronym that stands for Specific, Measureable, Achievable, Realistic, and Time-Related. For example, if Tesco wanted to come across as a friendlier company to

  1. For my portfolio, I was asked to do an assignment on two businesses. I ...

    History and tradition Many firms are located where there are started because of history and tradition for example Joseph Rowntree had started chocolate production in York because he want to live there and he did not want to move from there some business remains where it is due to tradition

  2. Introduction to J Sainsbury plc

    & Trevitt, R. Business for Vocational A Level 3rd Edition. Stanley Thornes Publishers Ltd. 2000) The diagram has many advantages. It gives a quick and simple way of gaining a mental map of Sainsbury's organisational structure. It is based on the main managerial functions and is controlled from the top layer of senior management.

  1. Understanding roles and responsibilities within business organisations

    In turn, Arcadia has managed to succeed in becoming a very successful, popular and world-renowned high street retail company. Arcadia also aims to lead in ethical retailing and sustaining the environment, of which is part of their project called Fashion Footprint.

  2. Free essay

    DISCUSS WHAT ORGANISATIONS ARE

    With sole traders profit is the main goal as there a large liability as the sole owner. Personal strain is another issue a sole trader deals with as it consumes a large part of their life and they usually rely on much larger firms, often the supplier, to survive.

  1. Investigating Business. Tesco PLC. I will be describing the aims and objectives of ...

    Big business?s such as Tesco?s has its own Public relations department that organises and engages in activities such as charity events, sponsoring sport/ culture events etc. this method of promotion is expensive. Tesco?s uses Public relations as they support and sponsor charities.

  2. Applied Business. Investigating a business Preston Manor High School

    in pressure because they are one of the main people being inspected. This may cause teachers to underperform while doing their duties because they feel pressurised by the Ofsted inspectors. Teachers may not be able to teach effectively in lessons while being observed which could have an impact on the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work