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Explain the key features of relevant regulations on health and safety as applied to a working environment in two selected or given engineering organisations.

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Introduction

Unit 1 - P1 Explain the key features of relevant regulations on health and safety as applied to a working environment in two selected or given engineering organisations. The principles of health and safety are essential - especially for those who work and depend upon it in the engineering industry, as it can help minimise what is known as hazards and the risks that are associated with it. A hazard is defined as either ?a situation, activity or an action that has the potential to cause harm to either the employee or to someone else.? A risk on the other hand is the likelihood of that harm occurring, and also the severity of the harm that the hazard posses. Listed below are two engineering industries and the regulations that apply to these industries on the principles of health and safety. Mechanical Engineering Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWAR) 1988 In mechanical and other related industries of engineering, different types of work equipment are used extensively, which include heavy machinery and hand held appliances. The PUWAR regulation requires the employer to ensure that: * All work equipment must be suitable and fit for the purpose of carrying out a relevant job by employees. ...read more.

Middle

* All goods-lifting equipment must be properly maintained and thoroughly inspected every year by a more competent and experienced engineer, so as to prevent employees from being exposed to serious risks. * All employees must receive the adequate training and instruction by a more competent and experienced engineer, before being allowed to use the goods-lifting equipment in a safe manner. As a result, this will also prevent harm to other employees working close to the lifting activity. * A Safe Working Load (SWL) sign must be fixed onto every lifting equipment, as it is essential that trained employees be aware of the maximum safe load that can be lifted by the equipment which they use. Also every lifting equipment must be fitted with an overload protection device, because if the weight of the goods carried by the lift exceeds the maximum safe working load, then the alarm will sound and shut the power off to the equipment. Electrical Engineering Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations 1992 The regulation requires the employer to ensure that all employees are supplied with the appropriate choice of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), based on the type of hazard that their job posses in the workplace. ...read more.

Conclusion

Electricity at Work Regulations (EAWR) 1989 The EAWR regulation requires the employee to ensure that all electrical work equipment that is intended for the use of within the workplace is properly maintained and thoroughly inspected every five years by a more competent and experienced electrician, so as to prevent employees from being exposed to serious risks. This means that all faulty electrical work equipment with loose connections, crushed cables and wires, etc. must not be overlooked. As a result all electrical work equipment must be properly insulated, and copper wires or connections that are inside must not be exposed. Meaning that no one should be able to touch a live copper wire, as they would otherwise come into direct contact with the electricity from the mains supply, which in turn would cause a severe and fatal electric shock. Also since electricity cannot be seen or smelt there is no way of knowing if a copper wire is exposed or not, which is why the electrical work equipment must be isolated from the mains supply first before it is examined for defects. * Bryan Weatherill, B W. (2010) BTEC Engineering level 3, pages 5-11, Pearson Education Limited * https://www.gov.uk/electrical-equipment-manufacturers-and-their-responsibilities ...read more.

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