• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Functional areas of business.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Functional areas A business unit is a unit of production that sets out to bring together and to organise factors of production to produce goods and services. Te factors of production are te ingredients that make an enterprise work. The factors of production: Land: buildings (site where the business is located) Labour: Mangers, workers (any jobs roles that need to be filled) Capital: equipment, machinery needed Enterprise: the willingness to take risks to earn a profit Every public limited company has organisational functions these are the main activities of the following areas at Cadbury, which allow it to exist and become a successful business. Finance The finance department is in charge of and deals with money. The Finance department keeps records of all financial documents this involves reporting and recording expenses spent and profit made, asset value and cash flow. Since Cadbury is a limited company the finance department must, each year, file with Register of Companies a set of audited accounts. These will include a director's report, auditor's report, profit and loss account, balance sheet, source and application of funds and an explanation of these accounts. It is also necessary to file an annual return giving details of the directors, shareholders and other information required by law. All this information will be kept on file at Companies House and is opened to inspection by member's public. ...read more.

Middle

In order to make the production line work smoothly, Cadbury insures each operation must be of equal length and there should no movements or leakages from the line. E.g. hold ups to work in process. Because there is a continual demand for chocolate this process (flow production) is successful. This is diagram shows a flow of production: Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Machine A's machine B's Machine C's Before production takes place, a brief is done, to find out what to produce? Then it is backed up by primary and secondary research. This will help Cadbury to achieve their objective to give satisfaction to customers through selling them a certain product for certain price, will also help them operate in a wide range of markets and Help Cadbury to be noticed through Promotion. Human resources Human resource is concerned with the whole range of activities to do with looking after the people that work within an organisation and those with whom the organisation comes into contact. In Cadbury, staff members are one of a business's most expensive and valuable assets. Human resource department plans the manpower needs of the business, recruits not just the people who work but for their qualifications, talent and well motivated; it is also responsible for Health and safety, training of staff and making staff record. Cadbury would use human resources because it is a very big organisation. ...read more.

Conclusion

A clear chart will show: * How the organisation is structured * The level of responsibility of each organisational member and whom each reports * Lines of communication * Possible lines of promotion Cadburys type of organisational structure is a tall structure because they have a narrow span of control and more levels of authority. Under the chief officers there are going to be the non - executives who will have people working for them. As you can see from above Mr. Sunderland controls the chief officers and he gets feed back from all four of the chief officers, then he is most likely to report back to the chairman. There are three lines of management there could be many more if the executives and the managers of each department are included. Tall structures are based on distinct chain of commands from Managing director to Clerical Support assistants (according to Cadbury). Decisions are made at the top and pass down. Such organisational are usually based on clearly defined procedures and roles. Flat structures do not have many layers, which it means that information is sent quickly; with less complication or misunderstanding; therefore it produces the correct result. Due to having a Flat structure communication is easier (clear information, understanding) between each layer, therefore when decisions are made, they will be specific to advice/order instructions. By Osman Bashir ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level ICT in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level ICT in Business essays

  1. For my business report I am investigating the Co-op erative society supermarket.

    The Co-op erative society's principle is to treat its staff and employees as though they are part of the businesses and own or posses a stake in the business this is the belief that is passed on to employees and managers.

  2. The functional areas of Cadbury's.

    Finance To Cadburys this is one of the most important functions of their business. The Finance department keeps accounts of all financial documents this involves reporting and recording expenses spent and profit made, asset value and cash flow. Since Cadbury is a Public limited company the finance department must, each

  1. Full description of the 5 main functional areas in Thorpe park (Marketing, Human Resources, ...

    * Rides Control. To establish a firm background for all these systems an efficient network had to be installed in order to ensure a fast and comprehensive method of linking all those users. Thorpe park uses FDDI network on token ring topology is used as our backbone.

  2. Analysis of The Cadbury company.

    1999 2000 % Charge � Million � Million Sales 4,301 4,575 +6 Underlying * operating profits 747 841 +13 Underlying * profits before tax 686 792 +15 Underlying * ESP 22.5p 25.8p +15 Free cash flow 292 401 +37 Dividends per share 10p 10.5 +5 These figures show: * Cash

  1. Business Aims and Objectives.

    Finance The finance department keeps track of all the money being earned and spent by the organisation and knows exactly how much profit or loss is being made for each item or service sold. Businesses such as Tesco may consider finance to be the most important functions of all, as

  2. Functional areas of business.

    * Personnel department is another good type of operating area for Argos ltd. This type of area is divided into five different sections. Three personnel teams look after: * Recruitment and Selection: this team has to identify the need for a new employee, define the job and the appropriate person who has good knowledge over the type of job, e.g.

  1. Analysis of The Cadbury company.

    The brothers were dissatisfied with the quality of products produced by all manufacturers, including their own. The brothers took a step in 1866 which changed the British cocoa business. They visited the Van Houten factory in Holland and introduced a new way of processing for pressing cocoa butter from cocoa beans.

  2. Analysis of The Cadbury company.

    Enterprise This is where the initial business idea came from and where all the new ideas and events are decided. Cadbury's have a very good set of entrepreneurs who keep the business fresh and exciting by designing new brands all the time to try and inspire the customer.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work