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Human resource planning at Toyota.

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Introduction

P1 In this assignment i have been asked to describe the internal and external factors to be considered when planning the human resources requirement of and organisation. The organisation i will be looking at is Toyota Motors. Brief history The Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, Inc. was established in 1967 to promote the sound development of the automobile manufacturing industry and contribute to social and economic welfare through research, information exchange, public service and international cooperation activities. Toyota is one of the biggest car-making organisations in the world. Because employees have now been replaced by machines assembling the cars quicker Toyota is known as a capital intensive organisation. This means that the organisation has technology and machines doing more work than human employees. Human resource management Human Resource Management (HRM) is the function within an organization that focuses on recruitment of, management of, and providing direction for the people who work in the organization. Human Resource Management can also be performed by line managers. Human resource planning Human resource planning looks at the current workforce skills and motivation and compares them with what is going to be needed in the future. To do this the business has to take into account internal and external considerations as well as the skills that are needed. These factors can be divided into three main areas: * Internal planning factors * External planning factors * Employee skills Internal planning factors Internal planning factors are those that are similar to what is happening ...read more.

Middle

There are a majority of machines in Toyota so the need for too many employees is not needed. As the nature of the work changes so does the skills requirements. Toyota must make sure that they measure the skills level of its workforce and plan for any future training or recruitment it may need in order to remain competitive. Toyota has rapid changes in demand or technology and may need to plan for the next 12 months or even 10 or 20 years. Workforce profiles Producing a workforce profile means that business managers can see the types of employees that are working for them, including details such as their age, gender, ethnicity and ability. For Toyota knowing the workforce is important as it can indicate whether there are likely to be recruitment problems in the future. Toyota has a lot of employees retiring this shows the extent to which Toyota is fairly recruiting staff. Profiling the workforce allows Toyota to see the number of older and younger employees. This helps in planning as any gaps in the number of younger or older workers can be identified and recruitment practices can be put into action to reduce them. Gender and ethnicity are also included within a workforce profile. By Toyota measuring these numbers can demonstrate whether or not there is equal opportunity. External planning factors External planning factors are those that influence the business from outside its direct control. ...read more.

Conclusion

This information is very important to Toyota so they have to use it to their best advantage and business needs. Toyota need to consider their future needs and those of their competitors in order to make sure they attract the right people to work for them, especially if they are working in a skills shortage area. This may they need to offer extra benefits or offer better working conditions in order to attract the right people. Sometimes Toyota may not find the people with the right skills, this is when they recruit from abroad in order to get suitably qualified staff. Demand for products and services Demand for products and services can have a big impact on human resource management because changes in demand can affect the level of service or products that are required and in turn affect the number of employees that are needed. Sudden shifts in demand can be difficult to cope with and may be outside the control of the business. Toyota may be affected by natural disasters so when demand for their services seems to be going down they may have to make staff redundant if the situation is really bad. When Toyota's business gets back on track they will start recruiting lost staff. Employee skills The skills and talents of employees are very important to organisations as they can be used to add value. Human resources, like Toyota's engineers, they need to be used efficiently. They need to be paid and planned for, especially if the skills required are hard to find. ?? ?? ?? ?? Monsur AhmedUnit 16Romanus ...read more.

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