• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In order to understand the changes in technology, an understanding of the forces, which are influencing the world at large, is needed.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Wendy McIntyre Assessment 5 Outcome 3 a, b, c In order to understand the changes in technology, an understanding of the forces, which are influencing the world at large, is needed. These changes can be seen in individual events and in the patterns of the distribution of events through time. The existence and significance of the second Industrial Revolution is even more debatable than the fist. It was a continuation of the industrial and social changes and the appearance of new industries e.g. automobiles, chemicals, and electricity and new organisational forms e.g. multi divisional and multi national, which have led the change. For the fist time there was BIG business and following from those anti-trust issues within the work force. The most recent industrial revolution and the one still underway, has seen the rise of industries based on information. A shift from meeting needs to wants. The rise of these new industries is often referred to as the "Information Revolution" or "Information Economy". The changes in computer technology and the consequences for its applications are summarised below; 1960's - computer systems called Mainframes were used, but they required specialist accommodation, operating systems, software and operators, namely programmers. They were also very expensive. 1970's - computers became more powerful, software improved; it became more useful and complex. 1980's - the desktop computer like the IBM PC and the Apple Mac were marketed. ...read more.

Middle

contracting out of a company's non core, no revenue-producing activities to specialists" "transfer or delegation to an external service provider the operation and day-to-day management of a business process". They all amount to pretty much the same thing: the passing of service provision or production to another party (internal or external). Note that this is NOT the same as passing responsibility! Commonly outsourced services are catering, cleaning and training. In terms of identifying areas for outsourcing, the following questions must be answered; * Will the passing on of this service save the organisation both time and money? * Will costs be reduced? * Will the organisation be more flexible to changes in demand? * Will the service be delivered in the same or higher standard? * Is it appropriate for the future? * Will the outsourcing of this service allow the organisation to concentrate more on core competences? If the answers to the questions are YES then careful consideration may be given to specific parts of the organisation. However; working with external providers on an ongoing basis demands careful attention - not least selecting a capable and stable organisation (or individual) to do it. The following factors must be considered carefully; Identification of Service Some services are easy such as catering or cleaning, but others may pose more of a threat on general business performance, like for instance; part of IT services for example, programming - could this important service be left to an outside contractor? ...read more.

Conclusion

The main advantage is the independence and flexibility it gives the users, but problems arise when corporate data is involved. Data Vulnerability - data will now be more vulnerable to alteration and corruption, no longer will one person have administration rights over the whole system, like they did with the strict access controls of the mainframe system. Users may also save information onto their micro computers, and then retrieve it for future use when it may be out of date and inaccurate. Data Fragmentation - this may lead to fragmentation of data and inconsistencies could occur when the user displays the results of their work to others. This could affect business performance. The only safe way of implementing this type of system is to grant users read only access to the information. Emerging technologies with all their advantages, do not yet match the security and reliability offered by mainframes. To avoid pitfalls and to retain corporate data integrity a management level is required. This would mean the employment of a Database Administrator. This administrator would manage the following; * All corporate databases * Storage of corporate data * Who has access and when More importantly the whole process should be under the control of an Information Manager, just in the same way money is under the control of a Finance Manager. To gain competitive advantage organisations need to adapt their information technology systems to new technologies whilst at the same time retaining the strengths of the legacy systems. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level ICT in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level ICT in Business essays

  1. Business Aims and Objectives.

    By having a good human resource department, Tesco would be able to reach its aim of making sure all employees are satisfied with their job so the working environment would be less tense and the employees will work better. Activities of the human resource departments Recruiting, keeping and dismissing employees Human resources aim to attract and retain high quality staff.

  2. The purpose of this document is to define the Context of Cain Motors Information ...

    * Social Feasibility * Terms of Reference * Company Hierarchy Diagram Along with the above headings it would be good practice to include a prototype or maybe a storyboard, which would act as the proof of concept by laying out the various layer and stages of how the project may take form.

  1. In this assignment I am going to produce a detailed business report on a ...

    Informal communication in Tesco-; these are channel in the company, that are gossip and rumours get around, for example when there is a rumour that one the staff has not been coming in regularly to work, the co-workers could feels de-motivated to work although this could be a lie.

  2. AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM

    Interneurons are found only in the central nervous system where they connect neuron to neuron. Sensory neurons carry signals from receptors and transmit information about the environment to processing centers in the brain and spinal cord. Neurons carrying messages from sensory receptors to the spinal cord and are sometimes referred to as an afferent neuron.

  1. In this coursework I need to produce a detailed business report on one medium-sized ...

    In an organisation with flat structure there are fewer levels or grades of staff and much more emphasis on communication across the organisation. This is more likely to be the structure of a small business where everyone knows each other and works together more as a team.

  2. customer service with in Sainsbury

    In our 130+ years of trading we have always put chairs near the checkout for our older customers to rest on. We will also help elderly customers with packing their purchases and will take the bags to their cars. * Practicality in the kitchen Time pressures exist at home as

  1. What Do You Understand By The Term 'Intelligence' & What Are Its Major Elements? ...

    Each of these disciplines is used by adversaries against the United States to some degree. Most nations, and many subnational and private organizations, have HUMINT capabilities that they use to collect data on their adversaries and competitors.

  2. Customer Service

    * Employees will want to be paid fairly. Managers have same expectations they will also want to be paid fairly, treated fairly and to have a job security. External Customers These are the people who come through your door to use your service, who you're your products, or whatever.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work