• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Information Technology Management.

Extracts from this document...


Information Technology Management Since the beginning of time, humans have had the need to communicate with each other. Cavemen gradually learned to communicate through making audible grunts and making drawings in the sand. Indians were able to communicate over long distances by creating plumes of smoke with a fire and a blanket. In the 1800's people entertained the idea of sending letters using horseback mail carriers. Early settlers could wait weeks or even months to receive information that is no longer accurate. The invention of the telegraph saved time by allowing people to send chunks of information back and forth to each other over a communications line. It was not until the invention of the telephone that people could actually have a real-time conversation over a long distance. In the modern age, technological advancements have created many ways that information can be sent and received. To name a few, satellites, cellular phones, pagers, computers, and high speed networks have changed the way the world does business. Information is known as the knowledge derived from data that has been transformed into something meaningful and useful. Managing data is subjected to a value-added process that produces meaningful information for decision making. The knowledge that individuals gain, whether it be concepts, tools, or categories, are used to create, store, apply and share information with others. There are many forms of knowledge, ranging from books to the internet. Business organizations process and store large amounts of data that is then translated into useful information for employees to use and make business decisions. ...read more.


They rely on a series of routers, network switches and miles of communication cables that link PC's, Servers, and mainframe computers together to form a data communication network. The internet consists of a rapidly growing network of thousands of computers, educational, corporate, private, and research networks around the globe. The internet has had a Information Technology Management 5 dramatic impact on many organizational strategies, processes and functions around the world. The Internet is often referred to as the Information Superhighway. Any person with a computer and a network card and a modem can access the internet. Internet access makes possible, the four basic functions: e-mail, telnet, FTP, and the World Wide Web. E-mail allows users to write letters and send memos to anyone who has an e-mail account. Telnet allows users to access remote systems to configure and interact with them. File transfer protocol allows users to migrate files and data from one computer to another. User can download everything from small documents to large programs. The World Wide Web allows users to input and access video, text, sound, and images over the internet using a web browser. Users can also use a web search tool called a search engine, which allows a user to find exactly what he or she is looking for on the internet. An extranet is similar to the intranet, however, it is not to be accessed by the general public. The extranet is a wide area network that connects members of an organization, suppliers, and customers together over a network to meet a business need. ...read more.


Information Technology Management 8 The implementations of such information systems have dramatically changed the world of business and management. Companies have formed a dependency on such systems to the point in which they cannot compete without them. I see the success of an information system to be directly related to having quality components and excellent systems management. Disaster recovery procedures must be in place along with having the right resources and documentation in the case of such an event. Backup procedures and redundancy is the key to having a failsafe information system. People take these systems for granted when being used on a day to day basis, and do not understand the value until the system is inaccessible. There is endless work involved in creating, configuring, securing, and maintaining these systems and they are constantly being changed and updated. A knowledgeable support staff is also crucial to the success of an information system. Keeping up with the latest and greatest technology systems in the business world can prove to be quite costly. I think that the cost associated with the support and maintenance of modern information system is well worth the money. Costs are being reduced in other areas by the simplification of every day tasks by these information systems. I think that the internet along with company intranets and extranets are the best way for companies to share information, maximize productivity, and deliver results. While there are some issues pertaining to security and privacy, new technologies and the appropriate technology management principles will provide innovative ways to resolve these and other problems as they arise ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level ICT in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level ICT in Business essays


    Packaging: This is becoming increasingly important not just to maintain quality and to protect products but as a form of communicating a message about the company. Either way, it is used successfully to promote increased sales. Lately, Tesco has an advert on the television based on packaging where goods are

  2. The Purpose and Scope of MIS - Management information systems.

    Training is vital in an organisation to keep all levels of staff up to date with goals and performance of the business. There is the added benefit of motivating staff by doing so as they feel valued as an employee as they feel they have a valued input into the

  1. The Information Society and Information Technology: A New Mode of Production?

    of their existence, men inevitably enter into definite relations, which are independent of their will, namely relations of production appropriate to a given stage in the development of their material forces of production. The totality of these relations of production constitutes the economic structure of society, the real foundation, on

  2. Effects of Information Technology on Business

    as Japan to South Africa will be able to be kept informed on how the business is doing and how joining the bank will have a positive affect on their life. The second advantage is having a web site gives access to customers.

  1. Analysis of the Information Systems of a fast moving consumer goods company and the ...

    The company closely supervises and assists the wholesalers, retailers and the company that is responsible for collecting the mineral water at its source. The Chair said that the Enterprise System is the 'heart' of the company. The company uses the system to increase the company's efficiency and profitability.

  2. Access to computing

    However I will compare two different fax machines and give my recommendation. But my personal feeling is that a fax machine is not necessary because the staff members will be connected to the internet and therefore they are more likely to use e-mail.

  1. Free essay

    Managing information

    Websites Newspapers Magazines Trends in stocks/ shares Prices for the industry sector There are also advantages and disadvantages of secondary data like below: Advantages It can save time, it can save money, it can be easier to get hold of, it can be accurate (depending on who has done the research before and how accurate it can be)

  2. Human resources

    It is outward-looking, rewarding performance and penalizing lack of performance. Conflict between the two cultures is unlikely to start-up but, as the firm grows and time passes, the potential for conflict increases. Human Resources & Human Relations Introduction Family businesses face different challenges from other business, mostly related to their human resources.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work