• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Motivational theories applied in the workplace. Examples from Tescos.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Within this assignment I will be looking at the various motivational theories that organisations may use in order to more their workforce more efficient. The organisation I will look at is Tesco as they now employ over 468,000 employees worldwide and have adopted various methods in order to give their employees increased knowledge, skills and job satisfaction by using training and relevant rewards and recognition schemes. Motivation is very important within an organisation that relies heavily on their employees as this will determine how efficiently they work. Motivation can be given in many ways such as personal interest in the job they are doing or other factors such as rewards, other factors include recognition of hard work, a sense of achievement, responsibility within the workplace, opportunity of promotion and also a sense of challenge and enjoyment. By motivating employees in this way they will be able to work harder and achieve a high quality of work in less time. If this is applied within Tesco, the same task will take a shorter period of time meaning a reduced labour cost for the business. The first motivational theory I am going to look at is Taylor?s theory which suggests that employee?s main incentive to work is for money purposes only. ...read more.

Middle

This is apparent within Tesco as communication within this company is an important factor in order to motivate staff, examples of this include 1-to-1 discussions between floor staff and managers and also with the use of the company?s intranet which is used to offer jobs to current employees before they go out to the public. Another motivational theory I will focus on is Maslow, which includes a pyramid style of motivation where basic or physical needs must be met before the other stages can be dealt with. The other stages include security within the business, social needs which include teambuilding and a sense of belonging between employees, self-esteem which may include promotions and also self-fulfilment that may consist of a constant challenge they face within the workplace. This motivational theory is used within Tesco to motivate all employees within the organisation, such as ensuring each worker has a regular monthly pay and the use of facilities such as a restaurant. The next stage Tesco focus on is the need for security at work, this is in the form of formal contracts of employment to ensure employees feel secure in the job they have taken, security within Tesco also includes pension schemes, union options and also health and safety within the workplace. ...read more.

Conclusion

The next theory I will look at is the McClelland theory which suggests that there are three main types of motivational needs: 1. The need for achievement 2. The need for authority and power 3. The need for affiliation. Tesco makes use of this theory as each employee and manager has differencing levels of needs, and this influences them within their working environment. Tesco do this by ensuring all employees feel a part of a group and a part of the company, this can be achieved by giving employees responsibility to complete tasks and also have a chance at promotion. The final theory I will explore is the Vroom theory which proposes that employees will work harder if they can see that the overall outcome of their work will benefit them more. This is shown using a formula that can be used to show how motivated someone is likely to be. Tesco are able to use this by offering greater rewards for the work that their employees complete, which may include additional discounts on all areas of the company such as food and electronics and also offering their employees? private health memberships. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level People & Operations Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level People & Operations Management essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Roles and Responsibilities of Staff Members at McDonalds.

    5 star(s)

    The first few processes are very similar; identify the job vacancy: this is when either a new job has opened and so needs someone to fill it, a person has been fired and so someone is needed to replace them or a person has had to leave for example a pregnant woman.

  2. Explain the key features of legislation and regulations on health and safety and how ...

    Select a job role within the NWRC and assess the working conditions and workplace policies in relation to health, safety and security legislation and regulations, applicable to this job role within NWRC. (Ml) A specific job within the NWRC would be an administration officer within the offices of the

  1. Recruitment. I am writing this report to describe how each organisation plans and conducts ...

    why they didn't get the interview, and they also keep them on file for reference for if someone leaves there job, people in the definite pile get kept on file for twelve months and those who were successful with their application form and got the job get kept on file for life.

  2. Health and safety in the workplace

    The introduction of any change to any aspect of environmental conditions which may substantially affect call handlers' health and safety should be made in consultation with call handlers or their representatives in good time. - The layout of the call centre should be in opening spaced and flexible.

  1. I will be producing a report detailing the factors the factors that Mobile Communication ...

    Employees and managers alike frequently view reviews as a painful process. The manager is uncomfortable in the judgment seat and the employee often becomes defensive. Training for both managers and employees is essential for altering these attitudes so that performance appraisal becomes an effective and smooth process.

  2. Motivation Theory - Similarity of Maslow Motivational Needs and Lockes and Lathams Goal Setting ...

    Griffin and Gregory Moorhead, p.86). Maslow viewed human needs as climbing a ladder from the bottom to the top and he concluded that once one set of needs is satisfied, human unconsciously moved to the next step of the hierarchy ladder.

  1. Motivation within a workplace - examples from Asda.

    This supports the statement that human motivation is a personal characteristic, and not a one fits all option. [3] A successful workplace is one in which people enjoy their work. Employees are most likely to be motivated when they are given responsibility.

  2. Describe the theory of Taylor. Explain how it would be implemented in Waitrose.

    * Disadvantage The disadvantage of piece rate, is that If the employees are not as fast as other workers, piece rate may make them feel they are underachieving which will create a bad atmosphere at work, due to other workers becoming jealous of those that completed the tasks before, which

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work