• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Objective: To understand the basic concepts of organisational structure as they appear on/affect ICT systems.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Organisations Objective: To understand the basic concepts of organisational structure as they appear on/affect ICT systems. What is an organisation? An organisation is a collection of human and non human resources that are brought together in order to fulfill a designated purpose. 1. Supermarket 2. School 3. Shop 4. Large commercial enterprise 5. Small informally structured non commercial group - green peace In some cases the structures are clearly defined and inflexible, in others the structure is less formally defined. Factors which determine the structures: > The size and the complexity of the organization the larger and more complex the organization the more likely it is to have clear lines of authority. > The geographical spread of the organization, those spread over a region often have a structure which reflect this with regionally based departments. > The value and the beliefs of the organization- some executives prefer more flexible structures believing they make more sense. > The nature of the organization- a multinational business may require a separate area for specialization. ...read more.

Middle

Success of an organization: Depends on three things: > Technology > People > Actual Structure of the Organisation People: Key resource- highly motivated therefore need to be able to participate in the organization (I.e. would require training) Technology: Relevant hardware software and information systems to carry out business effectively. Levels within an Hierarchical organization Senior managers (strategic): Responsible for long time planning and setting the overall goals for the organization, more interested in summated information which can be broken down into Middle Managers (tactical): Carry out the programs and plans by supervising employees. They need the Workers (operational): Responsible for producing goods and delivering the services. Successful Organisations: > They have visionary and enthusiastic leaders. > They unlock and develop the potential of employees. > They create an empowered work force. > They invest in people through communications and training. > They know there customers. > They learn from others. > They respond positively to demands. > They introduce new products and services > They know who there competitors are, and encourage innovation > They focus on poor business and explore strategic alliances > Exceed customer's expectations. ...read more.

Conclusion

Knowledge Work Systems: Used by information workers to help deal with problems requiring knowledge or technical expertise. Management Workers: Need management information system, this will enable them to control and plan the organisation. Management Information System: Helps managers monitor and control organisational performance and plan for the future. Questions: 1) Typically information is communicated at three levels within an organisation, identify these three levels (3) 2) An organisation generally consists of different levels, employing production workers, knowledge workers and managers, give an example of each of these type of worker in a named organisation. (4) 3) What type of transaction processing would be suitable for the following: > A mail order company taking orders by telephone and mail > A credit company processing sales transactions > A hospital appointment > A bookshop using EPOS systems to keep track of sales and stock Answers: 1) The three levels within an organisation are strategic, tactical and operational. 2) Production Worker: Workers on an Assembly Line in a factory, e.g. Toyota Knowledge Worker: Researchers working for Toyota to create new cars. Managers: general managers, controlling quality a workplace ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level ICT in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level ICT in Business essays

  1. The Purpose and Scope of MIS - Management information systems.

    There was a concern over Security with the Internet when the system was first set up however the banks have proved that their security is strict and carrying out transactions over the internet is safe. Customers can now bank online and over the telephone without losing the expertise and assistance

  2. A description of the use of ICT for internal and external communications of the ...

    Some large organisations produce an official employees' report each year which is all part of the process of encouraging employees to feel part of the decision-making process. House magazines are a useful way of communicating policies, information, events and other activities.

  1. What Do You Understand By The Term 'Intelligence' & What Are Its Major Elements? ...

    In most cases, the development of an intelligence product involves collecting information from a number of different sources. In some cases, information may be disseminated immediately upon collection based upon operational necessity and potential impact on current operations. This type of raw intelligence is usually based on fragmentary information about

  2. Sainsbury's Supermarket.

    It is often the case with a PLC that the owners of the company (shareholders) will wish the PLC to make as much profit as possible, so that the shareholders will receive a very handsome dividend per share. However, the Board of Directors and the management will often wish to

  1. Organisatioal Structures

    Another important factor is security. Security is generally more effective in a centralised organisation as sensitive information does not need to spread out across as much and is kept to only people who need to know. This is essential within the military as if secret information is leaked the effects could be potentially devastating.

  2. Administrative systems.

    These manual filing systems are used for paper documents, often known as hard copies. Paper documents include letters, reports, payslip, information and personnel records. A few of these manual systems are quite useful and some are not. The type of filing cabinet they have are vertical cabinets.

  1. The Use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) And International Technology Transfer by Non-Governmental ...

    AFRICA GIS LABORATORIE 77 7.1.2 PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR ORGANISATIONAL GIS SUCCESS 78 7.1.3 DEVELOPMENT ORGANISATION 78 7.1.4 PRACTICE OF GIS IMPLEMENTATION 79 7.1.5 PARTICIPATION 79 7.1.6 CULTURE 79 8 REFERENCES ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. DEFINITION OF TERMS TECHNOLOGY:" A piece of equipment, technique, practical knowledge or skills for performing a particular activity".

  2. "Reviewing ERP Systems".

    2.0 Review Scenarios Besides continuous business improvement, there are various other scenarios that mandate to review and modify ERP systems. 2.1 Mergers & Acquisitions In a dynamic Environment Mergers and Acquisitions are inevitable. They pose a lot of challenges such as redundancy of information, compatibility among different technologies, data conversion and integrating the systems.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work