• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline how an organisations motivational practices and reward systems are informed by theories of motivation.

Extracts from this document...


P3 Outline how an organisation's motivational practices and reward systems are informed by theories of motivation. In this assignment I will be outlining how an organisation's motivational practises and reward systems are informed by theories of motivation. Motivation Organisations will try to motivate their employees so they have the will and desire to work harder even if it's just by a bit. There are different methods of motivation that makes employees come to work every day. There are different theories of motivation also rewards. The main 4 theories I will be talking about is: * Taylor * Mayo * Maslow * Herzberg Taylor Frederick Taylor studied motivation at the Bethlehem Steel Company in the USA in the late 1800s and believed that there was a more efficient way for employees of the steel company to work using shovels. He worked out that 21.5 pounds of weight was the ideal weight of material for an employee to lift in order to work at their best level, and that all employees should be given targets of materials to move in order to earn their wages. ...read more.


Any unsatisfied lower-level needs will mean that employees cannot be motivated. * Offering pay rewards or increasing salary may not motivate employees but inadequate pay will de-motivate them. * Strategies such as increasing responsibility may be used to motivate workers but if basic needs such as safe working conditions are not met, workers will remain de-motivated. Herzberg Frederick Herzberg like Maslow believed that pay was no the only way to motivate employees and he came up with his own theory which had two elements in it hygiene factors and motivators. For an employee to be motivated, all the hygiene factors have to be met first and then the motivators can be used to make them work harder. The table above shows that Herzberg's theory works in a similar way to Maslow. Reward systems There are different issues linked with motivation and that some theorists believe that pay is the most important factor, whereas others believe it is something that must be given to avoid de-motivation but does not motivate itself. ...read more.


I think this applies for all four theories because scheme relates to Maslow, Mayo, Herzberg and Taylor because the retiring employee and employer is paying money for shelter and caring facilities, also the employer will be paying for the pension so that is why it applies with everyone. Bonuses Bonus is an excellent way of giving employees extra money without including them in their usual yearly pay. Bonuses can be a one off reward which links to the performance of the employee. Employees enjoy rewards like this after completing a project or their job. I believe this rewards falls under Taylor because the employer uses money to motivate employees and get them to work harder. Company vehicles When an organisation gives an employee a company vehicle it motivates them to work harder as they can use the vehicle for their personal use as well as for work, this reward system is related to Mayo and Maslow they believe that taking care of employee needs is more important in order to work Toyota does this because they are a car manufacturer so they have enough cars for workers. ?? ?? ?? ?? Monsur AhmedUnit 16Romanus ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level People & Operations Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level People & Operations Management essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Roles and Responsibilities of Staff Members at McDonalds.

    5 star(s)

    insurance when using RAC, holiday and theme parks discounts, discounted electrical goods and certain stores and online websites. When an employee has been working for McDonalds for 5 years they gain �125 worth of vouchers, 10 years �250 worth in vouchers, shift managers also gain the same bonus's as the restaurant manager which can be worth quite-a-bit.

  2. Recruitment. I am writing this report to describe how each organisation plans and conducts ...

    They will mark each candidate and will put them in order of say 1 - 15. If certain people have different candidates at number one the panel have a debate to try to find a solution on who should get the position, they need to come up with a unanimous decision on who is best for the job.

  1. Recruitment. Identify how two organisations plan recruitment using internal and external sources.

    They also need to think carefully about where they advertise this job to attract the right people to apply. Job centres are popular places for employers to advertise vacancies as this is where people go to get advice on different jobs and benefits.

  2. The main aim of this research is to evaluate the information on the human ...

    Vision is nothing but motivating staff in organization. Whether all staff is working towards organization aim or not is known by its purpose. Needed works are done by organization mission. It is impossible to done work without mission and job description is also provided by mission. Needed staff and working ways of organization are described by values of organization.

  1. Recruitment at Asda - creating a job advert and related documents.

    that the layout is satisfactory to both the company and the applicant. I personally think that my document was not that good from rest of my group members documents because there were some of the information points were missing and it was not designed to a very high standard document.

  2. Motivation Theory - Similarity of Maslow Motivational Needs and Lockes and Lathams Goal Setting ...

    Unless stated by the individual concerned, the drive is often concealed from others; it is hard to quantify what motivated people. The hierarchy of needs was developed by American psychologists Abraham Maslow in the 1940s. This hierarchy of needs is popularly known as Maslow?s needs theory of motivation.

  1. Motivation within a workplace - examples from Asda.

    This way dividends can be paid to the workers. A major role of benefits is such as a staff discount that allows workers to receive a discount as well as companies to generate additional revenue even though it may be slightly discounted. This is an ideal situation for both parties as both incur a form of saving or profit.

  2. Describe the theory of Taylor. Explain how it would be implemented in Waitrose.

    * Disadvantage The disadvantage of piece rate, is that If the employees are not as fast as other workers, piece rate may make them feel they are underachieving which will create a bad atmosphere at work, due to other workers becoming jealous of those that completed the tasks before, which

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work