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Ownership, stakeholders and organisation in Tescos and Oxfam.

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Introduction

Criterion 1 (P1) 1. What does a plc mean? A plc is legally abbreviated public limited company and it is a type of limited liability Company in the United Kingdom and the republic of Ireland which is permitted to offer its shares to the public. 2. What are the characteristics of a plc? * It can sell shares to the general public * It can raise more capital because it's aim is profit making * It has limited liability and a continuous existence * It is a chain of international supermarkets. What are the advantages to Tesco of being a plc? * Tesco can find it easier to borrow from banks * Tesco can advertise its products on newspapers, magazines, television, radio, internet unlike private limited companies What are the disadvantages to Tesco of being a plc? * Going public for tesco could sometimes be expensive * It could grow so large that it might become difficult to manage effectively * Cases of theft and shoplifting would be more rampant * Risk of takeover by rival companies. What are the activities of Tesco? Tesco has a well established and consistent strategy for growth, which has allowed them to strengthen their core UK business and drive expansion into new markets. ...read more.

Middle

finance department which means they are in charge of the money going in and out of the company and under that department there are different ranks. 2. Which of the organisational structures you have described in question 2 do Tesco and Oxfam use? Tesco and Oxfam operate by function because they arrange their business according to what section or department does. 3. What are the purposes of the organisational structures of Tesco and Oxfam? The purposes of the organizational structures of Tesco and Oxfam are: * To be committed to each other through mutual respect and support * To invest in the development of the individual through training, education and reward. * To serve their owners, residents, agencies and each other with integrity, fairness and honesty. * To strive to combine accuracy and reliability with accountability. * To drive growth in food, non-food, and retail services like banking and overseas hypermarkets in places like Asia and central Europe.(Tesco) * To approve strategy * To Preserve Oxfam's good name and reputation * To be ultimately accountable for the overall management of Oxfam * To ensure that income and assets are used to help Oxfam's beneficiaries, and that its finances are properly and effectively managed and monitored. ...read more.

Conclusion

It fits Tesco's activities because it has different sections and as a big organization they are not dis-organized. 4. yes, indeed the organizational structures have helped Tesco and Oxfam to achieve their purposes because they intend to provide excellent goods and services to their customers so with different organizational structures it has helped a lot, no department is idle they all work together and achieve. Criterion 5(p5) 1. What is an economic cycle? An economic cycle refers to economy-wide fluctuations in production or economic activity over several months or years. It can also be defined as fluctuations in the level of real GDP over time over four stages which are: recession, recovery, boom and slowdown. 2. Identify and describe the economic environments on an economic cycle. They are economic boom, economic recession, economic recovery and economic slowdown. Economic Boom - An economic boom occurs when real GDP grows faster than the trend rate of economic growth (in the UK, the trend rate is around 2.5% per year). In a boom aggregate demand is high. Typically, businesses respond to this by increasing production and employment and they may also opt to widen profit margins by raising prices. The increase in output eventually puts pressure on scarce factor resources and can lead to demand-pull inflation. This depends on how much spare capacity is available to meet demand. ...read more.

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The end of this essay is all accurate but appears to have been lifted from official sources. I would like to have seen some interpretation of it rather than just copying it. The start of the essay is more original but there are factual inaccuracies and the writer has failed to understand the purpose of Oxfam.

Marked by teacher David Salter 21/03/2012

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