• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Policy and Strategy - The Challenge of Information Management.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Policy and Strategy The Challenge of Information Management A few decades ago, businesses would tend to have one mainframe computer to process data for payroll, stock etc. Nowadays, businesses have company-wide intranets that are available to everyone, not just IT professionals. Even customers can use the system through cashpoints, touch screens or the Internet. Information is different from other resources. It is not depleted when used. It is not normally possible to claim exclusive "ownership" of information (it is usually a shared resource). Management may want to formulate an "information management policy" that will help them manage computing resources to maximise the benefits of information. Consistency with Business Priorities A company's information system strategy should be linked to its business plan. ...read more.

Middle

* Management Information Systems (used by senior management) End users require software that is easy to use but also has enough features to help them get their job done effectively. Centralisation v Decentralisation The information systems department within an organisation has responsibility for the maintenance of the IT systems and for the development of new systems. In some organisations all the tasks connected with managing IT resources (e.g. hardware and software purchases) are the responsibility of the Information Systems Department. In other organisations, however, a decentralised (or "distributed") system is run, whereby each department (e.g. Sales, Human Resources, Marketing etc.) are given freedom to make their own decisions. They can develop their own applications. This system can unlock the creativity of employees. ...read more.

Conclusion

as systems for accounting or invoicing, that have been upgraded time and time again. This can make a computer system very fragile. Starting again from scratch would be a good idea but because the system "works" management may be reluctant to provide funds. It is not always necessary for everyone in an organisation to have their hardware or software upgraded. Different people do different jobs and, therefore, have different needs. Someone who is doing very technical work (e.g. heavy graphics or multimedia work) may need a powerful computer to do his job properly. However, someone who only used the computer for word processing could comfortably make do with a very low spec. machine. It is impossible to "future proof" the IT system but, generally speaking, organisations should purchase computers more powerful than they currently need. Going for a cheaper option usually means that the hardware will become obsolete more quickly. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level ICT in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level ICT in Business essays

  1. UNIT4: PRESENTING BUSINESS INFORMATION

    This will give accurate statistics. * Accurate information foresters effective long term planning. Planning for the future is basically done with comparisons to what has happened in the past. The management will base on what has happened in the past to give/formulate what need to be done in the future.

  2. The Purpose and Scope of MIS - Management information systems.

    As a result of IT, Banks have seen the following effects in the last 10 years: * Greater Competition * Lower Prices * Lower Margins * Cost Savings * Productivity Gains The rapid growth in technology has lead to many changes in banking in the last 10 years and these

  1. The purpose of this document is to define the Context of Cain Motors Information ...

    Initiation at which the project initiation document is approved � End Stage Assessments at which the products delivered for that stage are approved. (Products are quality assured against previously agreed specifications). � Project Closure. The project manager also conducts checkpoint reviews with project personnel to monitor progress.

  2. Marketing Strategy for A Comsetic Company

    electricity bills, rent, loan repayments etc), so that your business can continue to provide a service or sell products * Matching your competitors so that you are remaining in the market Profit * Increase in prices will give you better profit, but not necessarily better sales, so not always a

  1. The Use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) And International Technology Transfer by Non-Governmental ...

    * The provision of continuous funding for development projects and maintenance of the information stored so that it is kept up-to-date."(Taylor 1991) This paper will explore the impact of GIS systems use on a number of development programmes in some developing countries in Africa with a common theme, which is the "improvement of community/Public health".

  2. International Management

    Financial Resources The Benetton group relies on internal financing. Although Benetton is quoted, it remains in the hands of the family holding that holds 69,9% of its shares (1998)12.With this structure of capital, the family has all control rights over the group, and does not have to negotiate extensively with other shareholders about strategies or dividends.

  1. Pipeline management & control.

    Mass customisation can be defined as the provision of customised products and services using stable business processes, at a cost and fulfilment time similar to standard, or mass produced products. In order to deliver product fast, mass customisers need flow manufacturing to make product fast in small quantities and a

  2. Access to computing

    This is important because the technology industry is constantly advancing and there is always new software being released which demands more memory and storage space. Also with the amount of documents which will be saved on the network storage space is something which I recommend as a key aspect of this local area network.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work