• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Policy and Strategy - The Challenge of Information Management.

Extracts from this document...


Policy and Strategy The Challenge of Information Management A few decades ago, businesses would tend to have one mainframe computer to process data for payroll, stock etc. Nowadays, businesses have company-wide intranets that are available to everyone, not just IT professionals. Even customers can use the system through cashpoints, touch screens or the Internet. Information is different from other resources. It is not depleted when used. It is not normally possible to claim exclusive "ownership" of information (it is usually a shared resource). Management may want to formulate an "information management policy" that will help them manage computing resources to maximise the benefits of information. Consistency with Business Priorities A company's information system strategy should be linked to its business plan. ...read more.


* Management Information Systems (used by senior management) End users require software that is easy to use but also has enough features to help them get their job done effectively. Centralisation v Decentralisation The information systems department within an organisation has responsibility for the maintenance of the IT systems and for the development of new systems. In some organisations all the tasks connected with managing IT resources (e.g. hardware and software purchases) are the responsibility of the Information Systems Department. In other organisations, however, a decentralised (or "distributed") system is run, whereby each department (e.g. Sales, Human Resources, Marketing etc.) are given freedom to make their own decisions. They can develop their own applications. This system can unlock the creativity of employees. ...read more.


as systems for accounting or invoicing, that have been upgraded time and time again. This can make a computer system very fragile. Starting again from scratch would be a good idea but because the system "works" management may be reluctant to provide funds. It is not always necessary for everyone in an organisation to have their hardware or software upgraded. Different people do different jobs and, therefore, have different needs. Someone who is doing very technical work (e.g. heavy graphics or multimedia work) may need a powerful computer to do his job properly. However, someone who only used the computer for word processing could comfortably make do with a very low spec. machine. It is impossible to "future proof" the IT system but, generally speaking, organisations should purchase computers more powerful than they currently need. Going for a cheaper option usually means that the hardware will become obsolete more quickly. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level ICT in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level ICT in Business essays


    This will give accurate statistics. * Accurate information foresters effective long term planning. Planning for the future is basically done with comparisons to what has happened in the past. The management will base on what has happened in the past to give/formulate what need to be done in the future.

  2. Free essay

    Managing information

    The ability to manage information plays a crucial part in business success. Successful organisations understand their customers and their own activities. They keep up-to-date with market changes, anticipate future developments and keep stakeholders groups well informed, on the other hand some organisations are slow to find out what is happening,

  1. Human resources

    own experience with each other and were invited to learn from each other's experience. It was intended to be a win-win exercise for all the participants. Candidate countries could find out what EU Member States or other candidate countries were doing to support entrepreneurship, and learn from them.

  2. 3. Consider the management of resources

    There are thieves everywhere in the world and no business is safe. Therefore the only thing a business can do is put security measures in place such as CCTV and security guards to minimise theft, because like waste, theft=cost to the business Physical resources is basically the management of anything

  1. Management Information Systems & Business Strategy of the Firm

    Traditional MRP, database, SCM, and ERP platforms only consisted of large amounts of data and rapid access to almost any information. CRM has expanded the latitude of these systems. With so many incompatible systems resulting in inefficient CRM applications, Enterprise Application Integration appeared (Rigby, 2005).

  2. Activity-Based Management

    The vision o ABM was to colonize activities with data from bottom up, in turn providing costs at activity level. Alternatively, Mercury believed ABM was a powerful tool, Mercury had enjoyed rapid growth since 1980's, and it is a �1 billion turnover organisation and a major part of Cable and Wireless Group.

  1. The Use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) And International Technology Transfer by Non-Governmental ...

    Figure 1.1 - Framework of development action The figure summarises what makes up development today and how they are meant to relate to each other and how the NGDO are playing in achieving the goals, which the aid system has set itself.

  2. Access to computing

    This is important because the technology industry is constantly advancing and there is always new software being released which demands more memory and storage space. Also with the amount of documents which will be saved on the network storage space is something which I recommend as a key aspect of this local area network.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work