• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Production. Production function is the part of organisation which is concerned with production i.e. the process that converts inputs into outputs. There are three main parts to the production process as can be seen in the diagram below:

Extracts from this document...


Production Production function is the part of organisation which is concerned with production i.e. the process that converts inputs into outputs. There are three main parts to the production process as can be seen in the diagram below: A firm must purchase all the necessary inputs and then transform them into the product (outputs) that it wishes to sell. For example a football shirt manufacturer must buy the fabric, pay someone for a design, invest in machinery, rent a factory and employ workers in order for the football shirts to be made and then sold. How well-organised a firm is at undertaking this transformation process will determine its success. This is known as the productive efficiency of a firm and it will want to be as efficient as possible in transforming its inputs into outputs (i.e. using the minimum number of inputs as possible to achieve a set amount of output). This will reduce the cost per unit of production and allow the firm to sell at a lower price. Ultimately, the objective of the production process is to create goods and services that meet the needs and wants of customers. ...read more.


the Millennium Dome) * Installing new transport systems (e.g. trams in Sheffield and Manchester) Advantages The advantage of job production is that each item can be altered for the specific customer and this provides genuine marketing benefits. A business is likely to be able to 'add value' to the products and possibly create a unique selling point (USP), both of which should enable it to sell at high prices. Disadvantages Whether it is based on low or high technology, Job production is an expensive process as it is labour intensive (uses more workers compared to machines). This raises costs to firms as the payment of wages and salaries is more expensive than the costs of running machines. Flow production Flow production involves a continuous movement of items through the production process. This means that when one task is finished the next task must start immediately. Therefore, the time taken on each task must be the same. Flow production (often known as mass production) involves the use of production lines such as in a car manufacturer where doors, engines, bonnets and wheels are added to a chassis as it moves along the assembly line. ...read more.


Once a batch is in production it is difficult to change, as switching to another batch takes time and will mean a loss of output. Batch methods can also result in the build up of significant "work in progress" or stocks (i.e. completed batches waiting for their turn to be worked on in the next operation). This increases costs as it takes up space and raises the chance of damage to stock. What do we mean by the "quality" of a product or service? "A quality product needs to be 'fit for purpose'.This means the product must meet or exceed the customer requirements." It is important to remember for the company that it is the customer who sets the "quality standards" in terms of their overall expectations of quality. There are several ways that a customer may define quality: * Reliability * Fit for purpose * Design * Safety * Long-lasting Quality Control The objective of quality control is to ensure each finished product meets the standard set out by the business for a quality product. The traditional method by which a firm tries to achieve this quality standard is by having a separate Quality Control department whose inspectors check the finished items and reject defective or substandard products. http://www.tutor2u.net/business/gcse/production_job.htm ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Marketing & Research section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Marketing & Research essays


    Financial resources Costs need to be managed within budgets, departmental managers need to ensure that they use their money effectively and that they do not use their money unnecessarily, if they foresee problems with their budget then they need to contact a senior member of staff prior to meeting the

  2. business planning unit 8

    This will allow to attract as much as possible customers during the first few months, until it is well recognised and customers are willing to purchase Galaxo over its competitors. PEST Factor Political Galaxo will be affected by the different legislations, as there are some laws which need to be taken in to consideration.

  1. Mcdonalds. For this unit I will need to produce a portfolio of work investigating ...

    The Big Mac also consists of some of the ingredients mentioned. The Big Mac is McDonalds most poplar product, it is sold in nearly every country that has a franchise of McDonalds. The Big Mac has 560 calories, 47 grams of carbohydrates, and 25 grams of proteins and is suitable

  2. For this assignment I have been asked to produce a new marketing strategy for ...

    At thus stage the sales curve will begin to level off as the new product excitement is lost and the competition reacts to the success of the product. There will be a movement of the profit line it will increase a little bit from the launch to the growth.

  1. Unit 2 Investigating business

    Electrical equipment * Desktop computer - �449.99 (http://www.pcworld.co.uk/martprd/product/seo/633580) We are going to purchase one desktop computer which will be our main computer, this will be at the secretary's desk and this will be the computer which she will use. * Laptops - �269 (http://www.pcworld.co.uk/martprd/store/pcw_page.jsp?BV_SessionID=@@@@1193128920.1255444854@@@@&BV_EngineID=ccdcadeiihhfheicflgceggdhhmdfhj.0&page=Product&fm=null&sm=null&tm=null&sku=671923&category_oid=) We will also be buying three laptops; this is one each for the managers.

  2. Applied Business Studies

    These people are all vital to a business, which in this case, it's Actors Vision. Customers The customers represent the businesses revenue, and therefore they need to be kept happy. Some ways in which businesses do this is by changing the opening hours and the availability of staff, having a

  1. Applied Business Unit 2 Coursework

    The third job advert I analysed did not contain the job benefits. I think that it is very important to have the benefits in the job description but not essential. It is good the other two have them in there but I will not be putting in the benefits in

  2. Business Enterprise unit 5

    a car wash service, but having some local knowledge on car wash will benefit the business, for example where to purchase affordable and cheap car wash products. Knowing about different car wash products would also be beneficial. However on the other hand I must bear in mind that I may

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work