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SUGGESTED IT APPLICATION FOR MOROCCAN GOVERNMENT

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Introduction

SUGGESTED IT APPLICATION FOR MOROCCAN GOVERNMENT OUTLINE I. INTRODUCTION II. LITERATURE REVIEW A. HISTORICAL FACTS B. INTRODUCTION OF IS APPLICATIONS TO MOROCCO C. ASSESSMENT OF THE CURRENT SITUATION D. GOVERNMENT'S EFFORTS TO PROMOTE IT. E. MOROCCAN CULTURE AND IT 1. STREET CULTURE 2. BUSINESS CULTURE III. DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS A. STRENGTHS OF THE MOROCCAN IT B. WEAKNESSES OF THE MOROCCAN IT C. OPPORTUNITIES WITHIN MOROCCO D. THREATS TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF IT E. PLAN OF ACTION IV. CONCLUSION AND IMPLEMENTATION V. REFERENCES INTRODUCTION Nowadays, Information Technology applications take on a primordial importance within the society. Thus, they should be considered as a strategic sector contributing to the economic and social development. Moreover, they have largely contributed to the globalization of economy and internationalization of exchanges. Since March 1998, the Moroccan government gave birth to a new entity called " Secretary of State delegate to the Prime Minister in charge of Post, Information and Communication Technology". Taking in account the Moroccan economic situation and the lateness accumulated in the different activity sectors, the task of this new entity is easier said than done. Thus, a deep S.W.O.T (Strengths, Weaknesses, Threats and Opportunities) appears to be of great importance to visualize the Moroccan IT scene in order to achieve the economic and social development sought. Information Technology is defined in the dictionary as: "the study or use of electronic equipment, especially computers, for storing, analyzing and distributing information of all kinds, including words, numbers, and pictures" thus, information technology is the manipulation of electronic tools for information gathering, storage, processing and distribution. But what does it mean for underdeveloped countries? For underdeveloped countries it meant nothing until the late 80's. The Moroccan Information Technology underwent tremendous changes from its introduction till nowadays. The current situation is one of the best among Arab and African countries and morocco is playing a leader role within the underdeveloped countries. ...read more.

Middle

In telecommunications, the primary objective of the load is to promote increased competition, greater private participation and investment, and autonomous regulation. With respect to postal services, the operation seeks to increase the competitiveness of service provision and to ensure that the public service obligations are adequately defined, financed, and met. The law also supports the development of a national strategy aimed at facilitating Morocco's integration into the global information society." As Stated by the World Bank, The TPI-TAL intended at serving the overall goal of the Government reorganization program to speed up Morocco's integration into the universal information market, gain access to competitively priced and useful communication services and IT determines the ability of economies to nurture, create employment, and decrease social inequalities. The service sector, which is heavily dependent upon communications and IT, accounts for an increasing share of GDP inmost economies, while the IT industry itself is emerging as a major source of growth, job creation, and export earnings in those economies. Satisfactory provision of telecommunications, postal, and IT services to deprived and isolated homes represents a vigorous mean to diminish social segregation and to expand the possibility of economic opening provided slight of the major cities. The Operation provides the implementation of actions in six defined areas: "(i)telecommunications liberalization; (ii) telecommunications regulation; (iii) privatization of the incumbent telecommunications operator;(iv) access to telecommunications services by poor and remote households, (v) competitiveness of postal services; and (vi) development of a national IT strategy." E/ MOROCCAN CULTURE AND IT 1. Street Culture Moroccans are generally excited by all new tools whether they are hi-tech innovations or not. In fact, Moroccans are curious by nature. The success encountered by cyber-caf�s and mobile phones is a good example of how well new technologies are welcomed by the Moroccan society. However, a main barrier is heavily plugging up this enthusiasm. The low income of the majority of the household is a big barrier to Information Technology acquirement. ...read more.

Conclusion

6. Government ministries could be obliged to use a minimum agreed on percentage of their budgets for IT development within their units. 7. E-commerce has to become a reality as soon as possible and the government should seriously and rapidly work on the implementation of this project. 8. Morocco should put into light its strengths, such as the favorable climate for investment to attract more foreign investors by organizing conferences in foreign countries. 9. Morocco should launch a vast program for equipping public schools with computers. The government could seek the help of many NGOs to achieve this goal. 10. Morocco should take advantage of the good image that NGOs have of its involvement within the field, and thus come up with more projects and ideas to catch up the lateness. 11. Morocco should stop the migration of engineers to foreign countries by offering them better salaries and social statuses. 12. Special low or no interest rate loans could be offered to encourage computers acquirement for home usages. 13. The government is to ensure the right of every individual to have access to telecommunication. 14. Infrastructures such as the Casablanca Technopark should be encouraged to help create a synergy among the field specialists. 15. Startups should be encouraged and helped by the government. 16. The business structure should be reviewed and business should be encouraged to merge to create bigger and more powerful businesses instead on the small and medium ones that morocco is actually having. IMPLEMANTATION & CONCLUSION The implementation phase that we suggest for our project includes various parameters that are not under our control. Thus, we will simply say that the implementation plan must be developed by government in a bottom-up approach that can take into consideration almost all constraints that are raised by the weaknesses and threats discussed in the above paper. This approach is the one that will allow the country to effectively implement IT and thus gain a sustainable competitive advantage that will serve not only the government but also all the stakeholders in this ambitious project. V. ...read more.

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