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The development ofthecomputer: tracing its historical development from Stonehenge,to computersof the speed of light.

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Tayrin Mehmet November 11, 2002 The development of the computer: tracing its historical development from Stonehenge, to computers of the speed of light. This essay will look at the history of computers, beginning from Stonehenge and going right through to today. It will look at what the future holds for the world of computing and I will try to determine the start of this particular technology. It will go on to discuss the computers of today and more importantly what the future holds for computers. I will try to briefly out line the history of the computer, presenting my findings chronologically. The continuous progression of the computer has lead us to the advanced machines they are today and offer us an insight into the pattern of future developments. Throughout the essay I will include information from a number of different resources, which I will use to explain and analyse my findings. I have traced the first findings of computer science back to many years ago when man still dwelled in caves. The religious and animalistic traditions of early man required instruments to calculate particular religious dates. From this Shamanistic traditions man created a primitive calculating device, counting notches on sticks or marks on walls. ...read more.


This improved the computer by creating more space, increasing the machines speed, and making the electronics of the computer simpler. The first microprocessor was released by Intel in 1971. The microprocessor was a specialized integrated circuit. Computers up to this point had been only available to the military, universities, and large cooperation's .The first home computer (Altair) retailed around $400, which was affordable for the thousands of hackers inspired to own the their own computer. The machine was not as simple as today's computers, the Altair was not designed for novices and required assembly by owner. It was also necessary to write software for the machine. Two young hackers found a software called BASIC (Beginners All purpose Symbolic Instruction Code). The BASIC code was original developed by a mathematician in 1964. However. The code developed to run on the Altiar was presented by two hackers who later went on to run Microsoft. They produced Basic and operating systems for various machines. One of the hackers, Bill Gates, controls the leading computer company Microsoft. BASIC was not the only programming language available, throughout the fifties programming languages continued to be developed. ...read more.


This will ensure artificial intelligence contributes human intelligence rather than the opposite. Conclusion The computers history started with mans desire to calculate and compute information. It seems that the desire of man has brought us a long way, and will carry on pushing the boundaries. The future of the computing world is uncertain, but due of the rate that technology is currently advancing we can expect this will continue. Computers and telecommunication already give us access to large amounts of information, which is increasing our brainpower. As the computers grow more powerful they will become more intelligent. The computer purpose should be clearly defined, if the limits are endless they should be pushed but not abused. The computers ability to reproduce and evolve could leave humans behind. The development of the computer brain should be inline with the human brain. After all the computers development relies on the creativity of the human mind thus its advances will be a result of the evolution or our human brain. We should not be modified to accommodate the computers advances, the computer should be modified to accommodate the advances in the human brain. This could be accomplished be ensuring the computers main function is aid the human brain not be a substitute it. ...read more.

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