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The Theory of Scientific Management.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Task 1A Theorist: Taylor Theory name: The Theory of Scientific Management Taylor put forward that workers are motivated mainly by pay. Workers do not naturally enjoy their work which means they have to have close supervision and control. In order to do this, managers should break down production into a small series of tasks. Workers then should be given appropriate training and tools so that they are able to work efficiently as possible when appointed a task. Workers are then paid according to how much they produce (time-piece rate pay). As a result this increases productivity. I have gathered this information from: http://www.tutor2u.net/business/gcse/people_motivation_theories.htm Financial interests would include: * Opportunities to achieve bonuses eg. Employee of the month * Rewards after a certain duration such as an extra 5% on top of what has been earned Non-financial interests would include: * Holidays abroad that have already been paid for * Company discounts What business would it help? This strategy could be used for businesses such as Jessops (an electrical store). If the worker plays a role of a sales executive, manager or assistant, they could be paid according to how much they sell. This would encourage them to work harder as they would be getting paid according to how much they are selling. This is called piece rate pay and they still receive a basic wage. Certain skilled jobs require different amounts of productivity levels such as being a sales assistant. A sales assistant would have to encourage customers to purchase a certain product in order to receive their pay. So, the more a sales assistant sells the more money the will be making. Even though Taylor has proved that this theory has proved to increase productivity, money is not always the only motivation. I feel that workers also have to be involved with each other in the working environment, to socialise to an extent where they can enjoy work as well as to earn for a living. ...read more.

Middle

Communication is de-emphasized and conflict is resolved by suppressing it. The leadership is controlling, demanding and over-powering. (9,9) 'Team' - The leader achieves high work performance through 'leading' his/her people to become dedicated to the organizational goals. There is a high degree of participation and teamwork, which satisfies the basic need of people to be involved and committed to their work. The leader may be characterised as open-minded, flexible and one who inspires involvement. I have sourced this information from (http://www.leadership-and-motivation-training.com/blake-and-mouton.html). * Link theory to own team This theory links to my team situation using the democratic leadership style. As the democratic leadership style allows other workers to be involved, we had a chance to show our own abilities according to the chart. We have placed ourselves in the 9,9 box with coordination points of (7,8) to be precise. This way we could see where we were placed. By measuring where we were at, we could see how hard we had to try to reach our full potential. If we had used the autocratic leadership style only the co-ordinator would be able to see where he/ she stands on the chart. The co-ordinator could put the plant onto the chart but he/ she would not know exactly where to put them as they would be working according to orders that would have been given. Write a report on one meeting that you have had as part of a team. What was the point of holding the meeting? Where their any disadvantages or advantages? My partner and I held a meeting per task that our coursework involved. We had nine tasks to complete and every time we started a new one, we would inform each other of how we should deal with the situation. One meeting in particular stood out the most as this meeting involved the foundation of our business. It was one of the first meetings that we had involving the first few steps when starting up a business. ...read more.

Conclusion

to get into my first choice of University. Therefore I would go to a different University or not go to University at all resulting in full time employment and starting up a business on my own. If not going to a different university suits me, then I will decide to retake my exams privately and apply to the same universities but with better grades. This may hopefully give me a better chance of receiving a conditional offer. By the time I retake my exams again, I may also change my mind and decide to take another Business subject up such as Marketing. If I do not get the courses that I intended to do then I will change them to a Business Studies course or a Business Management and Marketing course. These courses will be my back up choices as they are in the same Business sector as my original course. Personal issues may arise which may disturb my future plans. If they do I will have to do my best in order to reach all my long term targets and do as best as I can. What are the risks in setting a rigid career plan? Setting a rigid plan will cause me to miss out on opportunities that come my way as I will be set on one plan and one plan only. I do not have a back up plan therefore I have the risk of losing out on a lot in the future if I do not work to my potential and achieve what I want for the future. Once an opportunity comes my way, I may feel that I do not enjoy it as much as I though I would. If this does happen, I will not have anything to fall back on. This is why I am also considering in changing my course once I join the University. Skills audit: The next few pages show an example of a skills audit that has been used in organisations and businesses.* ?? ?? ?? ?? Andrew Mulrain Business Coursework Unit 9 1 ...read more.

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