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The uses of ICT in business

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Contents Page PAGE TASK 1........................................................................................................................ 2 TASK 2....................................................................................................................... 3 TASK 3....................................................................................................................... 8 TASK 4....................................................................................................................... 11 TASK 5....................................................................................................................... 15 TASK 6....................................................................................................................... 19 TASK 7....................................................................................................................... 21 Task 1 Tele-working Tele working, also known as telecommuting, means using information technology and telecommunications to replace work-related travel. Simple it means working at home. Advantages of tele-working - Countless Public - Private-sector studies - Improves employee lifestyles - Flexible working hours - Saves money for food, clothing, dry cleaning, bus, parking, fuel, etc. - No child care problems - Reduces traffic accidents - Reduces Stress - Fewer interruptions allows greater focus on work Disadvantages of tele-working - More stress at home - Reduce of privacy - Reduced social contact with colleagues - Needs Up-to-date ICT equipments for people working from home These are the effects on the employee: Advantages and Disadvantages - Health and Safety rules apply for employee working from home Legislation Act 1974 - Reduced level of IT support when the something happen to computer - Bigger cost due to the telecommunications equipment - Reduced social interaction - Secure and personal information (HACKERS) - Bigger chance of fraud These are the effects on the company: Advantages and Disadvantages - Saves office-space and parking - Increases productivity and job performance - Can reduce long term disability costs - Reduces travel costs if the company pays for employee - Start up and operating costs - Management resistance - IT equipment and support costs - Security of information and files - Employee safety issues - Can disrupt affect "teamwork" Task 2 Email Messages, usually text, image, flash, link of a website etc sent from one person to another via computer. E-mail can also be sent automatically to a large number of addresses. Email can also attach file. The benefits and drawbacks of email are; Advantages Disadvantages Facilities Communication Can present time management challenges One message can be sent to many Flaming Message can be forwarded to others Spamming Message arrives in seconds Security and privacy are quite low with e-mail. ...read more.

Middle

TASK 5 ICT Health and safety with ICT equipment requires both an awareness of the legislation. Governing this area and a common sense approach ICT Equipment Used * Monitor * Keyboard * Mouse * Mouse-Pad * Printer * Chair * Desk The effect of using the equipments Over the last few years, there have been several issues that have caused concern over the use of ICT equipment. These include Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI), eye strain and related problems caused by stress and working with VDUs and there are others that also affect the workers. These below are the illnesses that affect the workers; Monitor - eye-strain because of; � Characters are not clearly formed � Image on the display screen not steady with flickering � Too much bright and contrast � Screen can't swivel and tilt � screen not free from reflective glare Keyboard - wrist pain because of; * keyboard not tilt-able and separate from the screen * Not providing space for the arms and hands * Not using a matt surface Desk - stress because of; � Not enough space to find a comfortable position Chair - neck stress and not sitting straight because of; � Not enough space for movement � Not able to adjust the height and tilt Mouse - wrist pain because of; * Not keeping the mouse close where you can reach easily and stretching the arms. Electrical Safety - electrical shock or fire can catch because of; � Loose cables lying around. � Damaged plugs � Overloading/power surging Heat - ICT equipments gives out heat and this is not good for the employee and for the equipments this happens because of; � Lights are switched on even if it is not being used � Equipments switched on even if it is not being used � No Air conditioning in office or not switch on Noise - Most ICT equipment emits background noise, however, any excessive noises should be reported to the Technical Manager using the 'ICT Fault System'. ...read more.

Conclusion

Saving electricity cost by not publishing on web. Email Helps things getting faster. Helps things getting faster unless you find the staff you were looking for. Facilities On web you can see the facilities they provide by images and this is not 100% reliable. Knows 100% how is the college like by visiting. Consider factors relating to levels of employment due to the growth of Internet services. Due to the growth of internet services company are sacking the employees out and there are loss of jobs because internet is used to get things faster and easier for the company benefits. Example Company that has warehouse doesn't need because the companies are using JIT system which helps the company getting goods on time. This saves money because the companies don't have to pay to employees. Company uses JIT system to get good so the goods are delivered by delivery services so there is rise of jobs in postal and delivery services. Postal and delivery services are rise because not just company but people around the world do shopping through internet. Internet is cheap for advertising and its open 24 hours so this helps the company to advertise and use e-commerce for buying and selling goods on internet. There are different kinds of jobs in Internet such as web designer, system analyst, computer programmer etc. There are fewer jobs available in IT because all around the world everyone likes to do IT. The other thing about internet that some jobs are been done in out country example web designer, this job in UK the company pays 40k but they send it to different country like India and tell them to make website for the company which only cost 13k. The jobs in IT are getting fewer and fewer. The last thing about internet is that web services are increasing and new software are developing so the old employee might don't know about it so the company has to train them to use it and this cost money and the trainer will demand for more money to train the employee. This will lead to company loss. ...read more.

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