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Village Profile

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

1. Introduction I had been to the village Kolam in the Chitwahi Panchayat which comes under the Development Block Tamnar in Raigarh district of Chhattisgarh as a part of the field work module of Village Study Segment course. PRADAN was my host organization in Chhattisgarh for the field work module. The stay in the village for almost 67 days helped me to develop an insight towards the ground level rural realities and gave me a firsthand experience of life in the rural areas, the problems faced by the rural people, their resources, their perceptions, and their evaluation of their current situation. I also had the opportunity to closely interact with the various interventions happening in the village and understand the various impacts of such interventions on the life of the people of the village. The people in the village depended mainly on agriculture and paddy is the chief crop cultivated in the village. The study about the livelihood patterns and working of village institutions were interesting and the stay gave me the perfect platform to try and understand the topics learnt in the course. 2. Objective My main purpose of this fieldwork was to get firsthand experience of rural life and to get an insight of rural life. The objective of the study is: * To enhance my understanding of the village life and rural realities. * To understand the dynamics of various village level institution in addressing the developmental work. * To understand the dynamics of Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK) in rural livelihood systems. * To blend classroom learning with field experience. 3. Methodology The village report predominantly uses interactive sessions with people, gathering data to serve the purpose of understanding about them. The study carried out was a combination of exploratory and descriptive study. The methodology adopted by me consisted of collecting data from the primary as well from the secondary sources, analyzing the data and drawing our conclusions from the analysis. ...read more.

Middle

30% of the village population is directly engaged in Mahua collection. The total production of Mahua in the village is around 300 quintals. In the month of October - November, the demand for Mahua is very high. Mahua is used to make local liquor called Mand. Its seed, locally known as dori, is also collected in the month of May - June for oil. It is sold for about Rs 10 - 12/kg in the market. Chaar Seeds: It is collected by the villagers in the forest to sell it to the traders to make oil. It costs about Rs 400 - 500/kg. Traders in Gharghoda, Saraidipa and Kudumkela demand it most. In Kudumkela, it costs around Rs 700/kg. Its seeds are collected in the summer time. Saal Seeds: Villagers also go to the forest to collect Saal seeds and sell it to the State Forest Department for around Rs 8 - 10/kg. It is done mainly in the summer time. Due to less return very few people in the village are engaged in Saal seed collection. viii. Credit Needs: Micro finance caters to commercial needs of poor to raise their income level and improve their standard of living. It is not the lack of skills that makes poverty continuous but the lack of opportunity and lack of planned credit. I observed significant differences in the borrowing behavior of members and other households who are not the members of any Self Help Group (SHG).I asked them how many times they were in urgent need of cash in a year prior to my stay at their village. I asked 10 families each from Kolam Basti and Bhagwati Nagar. About 60% from each para reported such need i.e. 6 families from Bhagwati Nagar and 5 families from Kolam Basti. While only 3 families from Bhagwati Nagar could find funds to meet these needs, 7 families from Kolam Basti reported to find funds for urgent needs. ...read more.

Conclusion

6.8. Lesson Learnt The major challenge before me was to interact with the SHG members. But during my stay in the village I learnt that what we conceive of others is not always the right impression. * People here are as sophisticated and as intelligent as a person in any city. * They've their own technology and means to do their jobs. * I learnt how to conduct a meeting with the target population. * How to motivate and mobilize the people for a common cause. * Looking at things from their prospective i.e. what is important for us may not be important for them. Therefore we should not harp upon what we want to do rather what they want to be done. * The need of understanding the effect of culture and tradition while undergoing certain change. 6.9. My Experience as a Grass root Level Change Agent To me rural development is a grassroots approach where rural people work together and plan ahead to make balanced decisions to enhance their social and economic conditions of their community. The goal of rural development is to achieve long term viability of a community. My experience as a grass root level change agent was enriching as well as educating. Though I've been brought up in urban region I've always felt this pull from my village. People here are more hard working and honest. When there is a need to intervene in the livelihoods of these people, they readily accept them, but not before probing the pros and cons of the intervention. My urban upbringing didn't bother them from interacting with me. I was apprehensive about the response they'd give to me but when they started to interact with me my inhibitions gave way to a very beautiful bonding with the villagers. This village study segment not only made me more confident but also made me aware of the fact that people are more sociable in a village than in a city. I'll go from the village with more than I came with. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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