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What is a supply chain? Describe the supply chains of three selected businesses.

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Introduction

What is a supply chain? Describe the supply chains of three selected businesses. P1 A supply chain is the network of retailers, distributors, storage facilities, transporters and suppliers that participate in the sale, delivery and production of a particular product. The supply chain includes many things such as purchasing, manufacturing, warehousing, customer service and supply planning. An example of a supply chain; The first supply chain I am going to write about is Warburtons, they have three sectors that they work with. These are the primary sector, this is where the first stage in production is done it includes all the extraction of raw materials such as farming and fishing. In Warburtons case this will done by farming, and even though they don't own farms they use suppliers in the UK and Canada and can specifically ask the farmers the types of wheat that they want grown. By having a close relationship and working closely with their suppliers they make sure that their standard is met. The next sector that they work with is the secondary sector; this is the second stage to Warburtons and this involves processing and manufacturing from raw materials. ...read more.

Middle

In this sector it provides a range of services through out the supply chain. Although the services themselves are not physical goods, they provide added value for customers linked with the products that they buy; this is because they have a number of bakeries and depots so that fresh bread can regularly be sent to retailers. The next supply chain I am going to write about is the fuel supply chain. This uses a number of suppliers to make sure that fuel is made to then sell to the petrol stations so it can then be sold to the consumers. The first supplier that is used in the fuel supply chain is a construction service, this is used so that they design and construct a suitable machinery or product to extract the oil and natural gas. They usually make oil rigs, as most oil and natural gas is found now on the ocean floor. Once this product has been made, it then goes onto the next stage of the suppliers which is the exploration of oil and natural gas. ...read more.

Conclusion

first process for them is at their dairy farms, here is where they have a vast amount of cows which they milk to get the raw material for their product. They collect all this milk and send it in bulk to the dairy processor. At this place they put the raw material into two categories; these are dairy products and secondary dairy products. Once these have been split into their categories they are then either made into cream or whey if they are in the dairy product category or yoghurt, cheese, juices, baby foods, flavoured milk, milk powders, pasteurized milk, UHT milk/cream and condensed milk if they fall into the secondary dairy products. Once these have been processed they are then finally made into whey powder and butter if processed into the dairy product or butter, ice cream, milk surrogates and processed cheese if secondary. When these have been finally made it then gets sent to the retailer so that they can get sold to the consumer. The diagram below will show a simple version of the supply chain; http://pathogencombat.wur.nl/FSP/InternalFSP/InternalFSP/Sector/Dairy/default.aspx ?? ?? ?? ?? Tom Ward Unit 31 ...read more.

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