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AS and A Level: Classics
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- Peer Reviewed essays 5
In this essay I will be examining the reasons why against all odds the Greeks were victorious against the mighty Persians, during the Fifth Century BC.
In 546BC Cyrus looking to expand his empire sent envoys to Ionia, the area west of Asia Minor inhabited by Greek descendents, offering peace terms of Earth and Water. The people of Ionia were of Hellenistic descent so did not look kindly to taking orders from a King. Help was sought from their fellow Greeks the Spartans, with a reputation of being mighty, having wiped out the great Asian city of Troy in a battle a hundred years previous. At this stage in history however, Sparta refused to help the Ionians due to them being an oligarchy state, committed only to Sparta and thus preferring to protect and defend only themselves.
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Was Caesar's final victory of his own strategy and skills, or the failings of his opposition? Does assassination automatically mean failure as a leader? Was Caesar was justified in his actions? Especially military and how his wartime experience affected his later political career. First off approaching his military profession and subsequently then his political exploits; this allows creation of a clear comparison between his pre-war consulship and his dictatorship having explored his generalship. With all the evidence available of Caesar many interpretation are possible, as a tyrant or a benign dictator.
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Others were found in Pylos, Thebes, Athens and Iolkos. They were logically constructed and shared the same features, which proves there was a link between them. They were obviously not isolated from one another. One may assume Mycenae was the main palace and possibly had a primitive infrastructure connecting it to the other sites. The centre of the palace was a columned porch called a megaron (figure 1). A throne would have also been found on one side. This implies they had a King who held an important role in society.
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To what extent is the theme of gender confusion used to create comic effect in Aristophanes' The Poet and the Women?
The first character we encounter is Mnesilochus, who, in Act I Scene I, is preparing himself to look like a woman so that he may able to blend in at the Thesmophoria festival. Euripides, having decided that he must send his in-law Mnesilochus to the Thesmophoria to defend him against the women, shaves Mnesilochus' face, singes his private area (says Euripides: "Now stand up and bend over, I've got to singe you") and dressed him in a yellow gown, girdle, wig and shoes (all belonging to the effeminate Agathon), in an attempt to create a feminine look.
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It was not surprising that, with the arrival of democracy, rhetoric was considered an indispensable art in the education of the young men of Athens so that they could better themselves through their performance in the assembly. Athenian man became as interested in the art of public speaking as in sports and other leisure activities. For example, in Aristophanes Wasps, Procleon has blind faith in the court system, but even fashionable Anticleon knows the workings of rhetoric well enough to turn it into a game.
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a Roman general and consul. By reading the works of Claudian, I get the idea that Stilicho was a very famous general who achieved lots for his country; Claudian sums up these achievements, 'Shall I relate how Latium flourishes, how Africa has returned to her allegiance and service, how Spain knows no more the Moor as her neighbour, how Gaul has now nought to fear from a disarmed Germany?'3. Stilicho had driven back both the Moors in North Africa, as well as the 'barbarians' in Germany.
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The Simpson's themselves are a simple family in a small town in Middle America called Springfield. They are: Homer (loyal but stupid father), Marge (dissatisfied, trapped housewife/ mother), Bart (rebellious son), Lisa (unappreciated genius daughter), and Maggie (silent baby). The show also revolves around a number of other characters. The members of the family have their own quirks and are constantly feuding amongst themselves. The hilarious show portrays the ups and downs of the Simpson's which real families are said to relate with, to a certain to degree.
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What impression is given of Aeneas as a man and as a leader in Books 1-6 of "The Aeneid"? How similar is he to Odysseus?
And in this way he must, and does, have some positive, somewhat redeeming features. Virgil created in Aeneas a new type of Stoic hero, a point that is perhaps most evident in Book Four when Aeneas leaves Carthage. His speech to Dido is indicative of his determination to suffer both silently, Aeneas did not move his eyes and struggled to fight down the anguish in his heart.", (Book 4) and willing, "Do not go on causing distress to yourself and to me by these complaints. It is not by my own will that I still search for Italy."
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It is probable that the men were aware that their end was fast approaching. Any journey to Hades made by a living mortal is going to be dangerous. It would only usually be made by the souls of the dead, who would not need to sail, as Odysseus and his men did. This would have most likely made the men think that they would not complete their trip to Hades or would not return from it. At this point of the voyage I don't think that anyone, with the probable exception of Odysseus, expects to see Ithaca or their family again.
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This show often refers to subjects like sex, violence, killing Kenny, killing alien, a chef and his women, beating up a little british kid and so on. King of Hill: This is also an animated sitcom, which is aimed at more adolescent audience. This series looks at a more realistic family with problems and regular life. The show contains adult-based humour and subjects. Even though the language isn't as strong as South Park, the show contains more realisitic problems and what family life is like for the Hill's.
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Whilst Aeneas is born of the goddess Venus, Odysseus' lineage has no close link to a deity. However, whilst Aeneas is of divine descent, he receives little or no help from his mother. When he lands at Carthage and Venus is kind enough to give him information about Dido's people, she is disguised and departs immediately after having spoken, to the despair of Aeneas ("you so often mock your own son...you too are cruel" A.1.406). The other help he receives is limited ("thick mist" A.1.411) and with no knowledge of its existence. Whilst his mother is vehement in defending her son and his people when she is on Olympus ("it is unspeakable.
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What qualities does Odysseus show in the episodes he relates in Books 9-12? Does he appear to learn anything as these adventures progress?
Thus we also see the first superficial contradiction by Homer of Odysseus as a Greek hero. When we define a Greek hero we would expect certain qualities to apparent. A hero would be a good speaker, leader of men, fighter, strong, talk with and/or protected by the gods (i.e. separated from ordinary mortals, excellent, 'aristos'), concerned about kleos, have high principles, and usually an early death is in store for them. However, though these may have been the definitions of an Iliadic hero like Achilles, these qualities are not all attributed to heroism in the Odyssey.
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Other examples include toys, comics, and computer games But what is it about The Simpsons that continues to make it so popular? Is it Homer? Is it Bart? Or is it just the culmination of the shows different elements? These are some of the ideas I hope to cover in the course of this study. To this day, The Simpsons is still largely rated as the greatest of all the animated sit-coms. Since its release there has been a whole trail of subsequent cartoon impersonations, such as King of the Hill, South Park, Daria, and Beavis and Butthead.
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‘There are tears for suffering’ Aeneid 1.462. Show how Virgil conveys the pathos of suffering in the Aeneid. To what extent is a sympathetic vision of life evident in Homer’s Odyssey?
It is impossible to contest that Turnus deserves his death more than someone like Pallas ("he will bitterly regret this spoil" A.10.505). Yet the description of Turnus' fleeing spirit departing his body to "join the shades" is deliberately similar to that of Pallas' death two books earlier. Pallas is an inexperienced and beloved son of Aeneas' ally Evander, who bravely fought the aggressor Turnus as the "weaker" of the two and Turnus is an "insolent" warlord who scornfully and frequently disparages the father son bond ("giving him back the Pallas he deserves" A.10.493).
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This is a grand momentous procession, which reflects my grand self. Obviously sacrifices are offered, not pigs or sheep, but the most powerful creature the bull who is respected like me a powerful God. Others sacrifices are made but the greatest is the bull. The scene is colourful with any sponsors wearing magnificent gowns and other people wearing brightly coloured clothes. After these sacrifices the plays begin. These plays are devoted to me. My faithful and loyal followers the Bacchantes worship me. A fine example I made of Pentheus of Thebes through his mother Agave and her sisters, fellow Bacchantes.
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wife Creusa is still alive, and (his) son Ascanius?, instead of ?aveng(ing his) country even as it fell? against the sexual corruption which Helen represents. Sexuality connotes danger throughout the poem, as we see in book 3, in line 556, when Virgil uses sexual language to describe how, near Mount Etna, there is heard a ?loud moaning of waters and grinding of rocks?, to pre-empt the danger that Aeneas and his men will experience at the cliffs of the Charybdis. Aeneas? unwavering obedience towards his mother, as he obeys her by rejecting his temptation to avenge his people, explicitly demonstrates his piety.
- Word count: 3235