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BOOK 5 - The Odyssey.

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Introduction

BOOK 5 - The Odyssey 1. The chapter opens up with the Gods sat down in assembly, and Athene feeling bad for Odysseus, because he is imprisoned in Nymph Calypso's home, so Athene recalls Odysseus' misfortunes to the God's minds. Athene reminds the God's what Odysseus has suffered, how he longs to be home and how his son Telemachus has gone to sacred Pylos and Lacedaemon for news of his father, risking being murdered by his mother's suitors. Zeus agrees Odysseus should be set free and sends his son Hermes, the messenger to tell Calypso his decision. Hermes tells Calypso the news, and although Calypso is not happy with this decision, she agrees to let Odysseus go, but she informs Hermes, she will not help Odysseus. Calypso takes Odysseus to the place on the island were the trees grow and tells him to make himself a raft; Calypso gives Odysseus an axe, adze, some other tools, and cloth to make his sail. It took Odysseus 4 days to complete his raft and on the 5th day Calypso packed his raft with wine, water, leather sacks if grain and meat, dressed him in sweet smelling clothes and saw him off the island. ...read more.

Middle

6. The first time we view Odysseus in this chapter is when he is crying 'but the days found him sitting on the rocks or sands, torturing himself with tears', this Is not the picture we've seen previously of Odysseus, who is always perceived as brave and noble, but I think it separates him from the God's in the way he has human weakness' and emotions, this does not undermine my opinion of Odysseus, but just reminds me, Odysseus is only mortal. 7. Odysseus asks Calypso to swear on oath she will not cast any mischief upon him, because he cannot believe after so long she is freeing him 'Goddess, it is surely not my safety you are thinking about but something else', he suspects her of having other motives, and refuses to board any raft until Calypso swears on oath 'I shall not entrust myself to any raft unless I can count on your good will'. 8. Before Odysseus even knows he is going to be freed from Calypso's island, his fate is already determined by Zeus. Zeus informs Hermes of Odysseus' fate on his journey home, 'and on the twentieth day, after great hardship', Zeus tells us indirectly by the words he uses Odysseus' journey is going to be hard and troublesome 'on the journey he shall have neither Gods nor men help him'. ...read more.

Conclusion

Soon a wave throw him forward towards the rocky sure, with Athene helping him from being crashed into rocks, by putting the idea to cling to a rock with both hands into his mind. He soon swam and soon found himself at the mouth of a river, Odysseus preyed to the God of the stream, his prayer was heard, and the river became calm and the smooth water brought Odysseus to land. 16. Odysseus finds a safe haven under a pair of bushes that kept the winds and rains from penetrating, he gathered up the dry leaves and makes himself a bed under the bushes covering himself with a blanket of leaves. 17. 'the waves like a seagull drenching the feathers of it's wings with spray as it pursues the fish down fearsome troughs of the unharvested deep, 'Who has been in bed wasting away with a long, painful illness, in the grip of some malignant power, passes the crisis by the Gods' will and they know that he will live. Odysseus' happiness was like that when he caught that welcome glimpse of earth and trees. Homer uses similes to contracts scenes of the story with scenes from normal life, to explain to the reader/play watcher of his day how Odysseus would of felt or to describe the movement of a particular person. ...read more.

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