• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Book 9 & 10 - The Odyssey.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

THE ODYSSEY - Book 9 & 10 A. THE CICONES: In book 9, Odysseus is sharing his hardship with the King Alcinous, he begins by telling him the story of when he landed in Ismarus, the home of the Cicones. Odysseus explains, how he destroyed the men folk, and shared out the women and the food that he had took from the town, between his comrades. 'And then I said we must escape with all possible speed' Odysseus knows the consequences of his actions and wishes to leave the island, but his crew are enjoying the wine, live-stock and continue to butcher the sheep. Meanwhile the Cicones, go to raise help from the other cicones, who are 'both more numerous and better men, trained in fighting from the chariot and on foot as well, when the occasion requires'. Before Odysseus and his men had left the Cicones had arrived. They fought, but the Cicones gained the upper hand on the Achaean ranks. Six comrades from each ship were killed, the rest including Odysseus got away alive. THE LOFTUS-EATERS: Odysseus then explains the next place he lands, which was home to the Loftus-eaters. Odysseus and his men disembarked, to draw water and eat a quick meal. ...read more.

Middle

The first time Odysseus arrives in Aeolia he is welcomed, and looked after for a month. Odysseus tells Aeolus all about his army, troy and where he is going, finally Odysseus asks Aeolus if he would now help him on his way home. Aeolus made arrangements for Odysseus' journey and presented him with a leather bag, in which he had imprisoned the boisterous energies of all the winds. He then called up a breeze to blow Odysseus' ships and crews across the sea. Having not told the crew what was in the bag, they thought it to be riches Odysseus was planning to take home. As Odysseus became in view of his home land, he fell asleep. The crew opened the bag, releasing the winds. When Odysseus awoke he found himself back in Aeolia. On his second arrival to the island, Odysseus took 2 other men back to the palace of Aeolus. When Odysseus arrived, Aeolus was shocked to see him, and cast him out of his palace claiming he would not entertain someone that clearly the Gods detested. THE LAESTRYGONIANS: When Odysseus reaches his next stop, in the land of Laestrygonians, he doesn't land his ship in the same place as his crew's ships. ...read more.

Conclusion

We also see evidence of bad leader ship from Odysseus as he doesn't share what is in the contents of the bag from Aeolus with his crew, making them suspicious and forcing them to open the bag which in turn causes devastation. We also see Odysseus as a charmer to Circe, using his knowledge she is attracted to him to persuade her into letting his men free. C. In book 9 Homer gives us an uncivilised view of the Cyclops in his words 'a fierce, lawless people who never lift a hand to plant or plough, but just leave everything to the immortal gods. Homer throughout the story classes civilised people as 'god-fearing' through Polyphemus' speech Homer, makes it clear that Polyphemus is not civilised 'Stranger, you must be a fool, or must of come from very far a field, to order me to fear or reverence the gods. We Cyclopes care nothing for Zeus with his aegis, nor for the rest of the blessed gods, since we are much stronger than they are. I would never spare you or your men for fear of incurring Zeus, unless I felt like it'. D. Odysseus has to go to the underworld to consult the soul of Teiresias, the blind Theban prophet, there Teiresias will prophesy Odysseus' route, the stages of his journey and how he will reach how across the teeming seas. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Classics essays

  1. How far is it possible to explain the differences between the Parthenon and the ...

    At the time of Games, wars stopped, and athletes came from Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Sicily to celebrate the Olympics and to worship their king of gods, Zeus. The site of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia also consisted of a stadium (for the games)

  2. Bacchus in Ovid's Metamorphoses Book 3

    The description of Narcissus' appearance is brimming with detail; this is done in order to draw attention to some of the main themes in Metamorphoses: 'Stretched on the grass, he saw twin stars, his own two eyes, Rippling curls like the locks of a god, Apollo or Bacchus' Ovid deliberately

  1. What qualities does Odysseus show in the episodes he relates in Books 9-12? Does ...

    Both a strength and a failing for Odysseus is his curiosity. As the voyage continues, these are replaced by a growing preference for caution but this inquisitiveness does put the crew in danger.

  2. Assess the significance of the Gods in Homer's Iliad and Odyssey

    In some sense Zeus is 'father of gods and men' (1.28, etc.), but he is father more particularly of kings and heroes, and in the case of Odysseus the epithet seems no more than a mark of regal and heroic rank.

  1. How important is Book 11 to the overall meaning of The Odyssey?

    to come, and that is the relevance of his meeting with Procris. Megara, the wife of Heracles, was a 'prize of war'. This mirrors Cassandra who was 'won' by Agamemnon. But on the other hand she also has something in common with Clytemnestra, were as Agamemnon murdered their daughter Iphigenia, Heracles killed his and Megara's children.

  2. Was Julius Caesar an effective leader?

    With Caesar, he fought for the rights of land for his veterans. These powers surpassed any previously given to a general of the Republic before. But Pompey had come from a noble patrician family, the opportunities were opened to him; Caesar faced obstructions throughout his life and forced his way to the top.

  1. Homer's Odyssey - role of the Gods and questions on Book 18 Lines ...

    Discuss the extent to which the gods are an essential part of the Odyssey 45 D In the Odyssey the gods play a significant role throughout. Homer's use of the gods and their decision to see ?good? prosper and ?bad? fail is one of the ongoing themes that runs though the narrative from beginning to end.

  2. Questions on Circe and Book 10 of the Odyssey

    He ?snatched my keen sword? the verb ?snatched? and ?rushed? shows an element of surprise to Circe adding to the dramatic fighting scene. Circe ?shrieks? adding to the imagery of senses by which the audience can vividly feel her fear.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work