• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Book 9 & 10 - The Odyssey.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

THE ODYSSEY - Book 9 & 10 A. THE CICONES: In book 9, Odysseus is sharing his hardship with the King Alcinous, he begins by telling him the story of when he landed in Ismarus, the home of the Cicones. Odysseus explains, how he destroyed the men folk, and shared out the women and the food that he had took from the town, between his comrades. 'And then I said we must escape with all possible speed' Odysseus knows the consequences of his actions and wishes to leave the island, but his crew are enjoying the wine, live-stock and continue to butcher the sheep. Meanwhile the Cicones, go to raise help from the other cicones, who are 'both more numerous and better men, trained in fighting from the chariot and on foot as well, when the occasion requires'. Before Odysseus and his men had left the Cicones had arrived. They fought, but the Cicones gained the upper hand on the Achaean ranks. Six comrades from each ship were killed, the rest including Odysseus got away alive. THE LOFTUS-EATERS: Odysseus then explains the next place he lands, which was home to the Loftus-eaters. Odysseus and his men disembarked, to draw water and eat a quick meal. ...read more.

Middle

The first time Odysseus arrives in Aeolia he is welcomed, and looked after for a month. Odysseus tells Aeolus all about his army, troy and where he is going, finally Odysseus asks Aeolus if he would now help him on his way home. Aeolus made arrangements for Odysseus' journey and presented him with a leather bag, in which he had imprisoned the boisterous energies of all the winds. He then called up a breeze to blow Odysseus' ships and crews across the sea. Having not told the crew what was in the bag, they thought it to be riches Odysseus was planning to take home. As Odysseus became in view of his home land, he fell asleep. The crew opened the bag, releasing the winds. When Odysseus awoke he found himself back in Aeolia. On his second arrival to the island, Odysseus took 2 other men back to the palace of Aeolus. When Odysseus arrived, Aeolus was shocked to see him, and cast him out of his palace claiming he would not entertain someone that clearly the Gods detested. THE LAESTRYGONIANS: When Odysseus reaches his next stop, in the land of Laestrygonians, he doesn't land his ship in the same place as his crew's ships. ...read more.

Conclusion

We also see evidence of bad leader ship from Odysseus as he doesn't share what is in the contents of the bag from Aeolus with his crew, making them suspicious and forcing them to open the bag which in turn causes devastation. We also see Odysseus as a charmer to Circe, using his knowledge she is attracted to him to persuade her into letting his men free. C. In book 9 Homer gives us an uncivilised view of the Cyclops in his words 'a fierce, lawless people who never lift a hand to plant or plough, but just leave everything to the immortal gods. Homer throughout the story classes civilised people as 'god-fearing' through Polyphemus' speech Homer, makes it clear that Polyphemus is not civilised 'Stranger, you must be a fool, or must of come from very far a field, to order me to fear or reverence the gods. We Cyclopes care nothing for Zeus with his aegis, nor for the rest of the blessed gods, since we are much stronger than they are. I would never spare you or your men for fear of incurring Zeus, unless I felt like it'. D. Odysseus has to go to the underworld to consult the soul of Teiresias, the blind Theban prophet, there Teiresias will prophesy Odysseus' route, the stages of his journey and how he will reach how across the teeming seas. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Classics essays

  1. Bacchus in Ovid's Metamorphoses Book 3

    draws out attention to the boy's womanly hair; later on in book 3, the parallel to Bacchus will become obvious. Pentheus scorns the cult of Bacchus as effeminate and urges the dragon born warriors to defend Thebes against this degenerate invasion.

  2. How far is it possible to explain the differences between the Parthenon and the ...

    Therefore the difference can be easily spotted through the purpose and religious significance of both temples. The Parthenon doesn't have an alter and was used as a treasury whereas the Temple of Zeus at Olympia was merely just a temple built to house the Statue of Zeus and host the Olympics.

  1. What qualities does Odysseus show in the episodes he relates in Books 9-12? Does ...

    Both a strength and a failing for Odysseus is his curiosity. As the voyage continues, these are replaced by a growing preference for caution but this inquisitiveness does put the crew in danger.

  2. Compare the treatment of the Gods in the Iliad and the Odyssey.

    Athene takes on the form of a "herdsmen"(XIII.222) lets him know that he is actually in Ithaca. She is delighted by his characteristic cunning as he acts to conceal his identity from her until she reveals hers.

  1. Whom do you admire more as a leader – Odysseus in the Odyssey or ...

    Odysseus though has no commitment to his crew. Homer is very insistent on the fact that the Ithacans on the ship are not worth saving and could not have been saved from destruction, despite Odysseus' attempts ("in spite of all his efforts...

  2. The Odyssey passage analysis: Descent into Hades. The passage is found in Book XI ...

    The progressive increase in the imagery of weapons and brutality in the passage and the change associated with them metaphorically, depicts the escalating tension and worry as Odysseus enters into the abyss of the dead. In perspective of the hero's journey, he has crossed the threshold and completed his descent into the Hades' lair.

  1. Assess the significance of the Gods in Homer's Iliad and Odyssey

    Olympus is becoming, if not exactly respectable - we still hear a good deal of the irregular offspring of gods, a story-pattern which originally catered to the aristocratic pride of noble families - at least morally defensive and anxious to be justified.

  2. Homer's Odyssey - role of the Gods and questions on Book 18 Lines ...

    had already marked him out to fall to a spear from Telemachus's hand ?this gives in gives us an insight into Athene's thinking, we are able to see that she clearly has decided what is going to happen without the input of mortals, Athene acts as the orchestrator when considering her plans.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work