• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and Contrast how Aristophanes depicts Euripides in "The Frogs" and "The Poet and The Women".

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Richard Lawson Miss Francis Classical Civilisation Coursework Compare and Contrast how Aristophanes depicts Euripides in "The Frogs" and "The Poet and The Women". Aristophanes and Euripides were poets in Athens during the Peloponnesian War. They had very different writing styles. Euripides was the older and he wrote Greek Tragedy and Comedy. He was one of the three important tragedy writers of the time, the others were Aeschylus an Scophocles. Euripides introduced new methods of handling the traditional myths, for example he used realism in his subject matter and was interested in the way women thought and how they acted. This is shown in his plays "Hippolytus" and "The Trojan Women". Aristophanes wrote comedies in which inventive situations and colourful language were typical. His poems were mainly concerned with situation which was topical at that time. He satirized politicians and scholars and parodied his fellow poets. He used political and social fantasy a great deal as in the women's sex strike in "Lysistrata". Aristophanes wrote two parodies which featured the tragic poet Euripides. These were "The Poet and the Women" and the "Frogs". Euripides died before Aristophanes wrote the "Frogs" and so he was able to make the parody greater. Aristophenes wrote "The Poet and the Women" while Euripides was still alive and a respected and famous author. ...read more.

Middle

He arrives in Hades only to find out that position of the best poet in Hades was in dispute, "Oh, there's great goings on among the dead these days, great goings on. Civil war, you might call it" (Page 185). Aeschylus the older Athenian poet, who wrote at least 50 years before Aristophanes, was being challenged by Euripides, "Well then along comes Euripides and start showing off to all the fellers we've got down here - cut-throats, highwaymen, murders, burglars, regular rough lot they are", (Page 185) Euripides had the support of the bandits, rogues and the worst men in general while Aeschylus had the sole support of Sophocles, "he's sent a message: with this contest coming on, he says, he'll stand by for third man - if Aeschylus wins he'll just go on as before, but if Euripides wins he'll take him on himself."(Page 186). Sophocles was a friend of Aristophanes. Dionysus decided that even though Euripides had more support, it was Aeschylus chosen to restore Athens to its former glory, "Well in my heart of hearts I have known all the time. No question about it, the man for me is" (Page 210). Euripides in "The Poet and The Woman" is extremely comical especially when he is playing his own tragic heroes as they have heroic qualities which he lacks, other than loyalty which he shows when he tries to rescues Mnesilochus from his Scythian captor. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, in "The Frogs", Aristophanes uses Euripides as a gimmick and exploits his death by replacing Euripides real personality with that of a demagogue whom he hates and blames for the continuing problems that plague Athens. When the social and political situation was stable Aristophanes wrote in a way that reflected this. He made fun of his fellow author Euripides by parodying his characteristics, by emphasising and exaggerating his behaviour to make him comical. When he wrote the "Frogs" he felt he had a point to make. Athens was no longer a carefree society, the political situation was difficult, and the War was going against the Athenian's. Aristophanes wanted to teach the people that they should return to their old values. When he was writing the "Frogs" he no longer wanted to make fun of Euripides but to use him to show the people where they were going wrong. He portrayed Euripides as a manipulative power greedy demagogue who was interested only in himself. He did this as he thought that making Euripides the villain in his comedy would make a greater impression on his audience than by actually stating what he thought in a straight forward way. Aristophanes' aim in using Euripides was to make people think while they were watching and enjoying his plays and to make them understand the necessity of returning to the old values. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Classics essays

  1. In Euripides Play, how important is it that Medea is a foreigner, not a ...

    The Medea would be different but this would make the play much less effective than it is. Medea is different in every way, she is an exile and nothing can change the play's outcome. Medea is a murderess who killed her own children, she slaughtered her children and had caused much wrongdoing.

  2. Discuss the causes and origins of the Peloponnesian War.

    be exiled. The men of the Athenian assembly rejected these demands at the urging of Pericles. Athens now expected war to follow. Early the following year, 431BC, Thebes (a Spartan ally) attacked Plataea to help it maintain its independence against Athens and the two sides were at war.

  1. Odysseus Has No Feelings For The Women He Encounters In His Travels- Discuss

    He also wishes on her a husband - "may they give you a husband and a home" and a blessed life- "may the gods grant you your heart's desire", which shows his veneration for her. However, though he wishes this, at no point does he indicate that he would be

  2. Free essay

    What picture do the sources present of life for women in ancient Athens?

    The play is using women to reflect the shortcoming of Athenian politicians, as it was written in 411 BC well into the war. Also emphasized in the plot is the lack of rights and influence in foreign policy women had, as all they could do was withhold sex from the

  1. The portrayal of Women in The Trojan Women and Medea by Euripides and in ...

    These helpless women are left "blind" by the Achaeans, unable to see where they will conclude their sorrowful lives. However, they remain goodhearted and caring as is clear when the leader announces, "Look, here are your women bringing in their arms from the spoils of Troy, adornments to wrap the corpse in" (Euripides, The Trojan Women 284).

  2. Using the plays of Aristophanes (Lysistrata), Sophocles (Oedipus) and Euripides (Medea), we are able ...

    Greek Drama, particularly tragedy, also carries a prominent underlying theme - Passion over Reason. In Euripides play, Medea is driven by an overwhelming passion to have her revenge that she does not stop to think what she is actually doing.

  1. Compare and Contrast the characters of Hektor and Paris and draw close character analysis ...

    The fact that Homer has mirrored this resentment and hatred of Paris into Helen as well is interesting as Paris is painted as a drastically different character than his brother, and this is known and thought of by all.

  2. To what extent is the theme of gender confusion used to create comic effect ...

    Shortly before Mnesilochus leaves for the women's festival, Euripides says to him, "Well, you certainly look like a woman now"[2]. This example is comic not only because of the farcical slapstick humour (with both Mnesilochus and Euripides running around the stage frantically), but also because of his comical feminine appearance.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work