• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare the [causes and reasons of] suffering the protagonists cause to their family and their people in Aeschylus’ Agamemnon and Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

World Literature assignment Batbileg Terbishdagva 08.10.2002 Compare the [causes and reasons of] suffering the protagonists cause to their family and their people in Aeschylus' Agamemnon and Sophocles' Oedipus Rex. The suffering caused by the protagonists in both plays are directly connected to their actions. Oedipus Rex' fate causes suffering to his people and his relatives, while Agamemnon causes suffering because of his father's action. There are many other reasons that causes suffering, but every reason goes back to the main reasons, fate and father's action. In both plays, Sophocles' Oedipus Rex and Aeschylus' Agamemnon, the suffering caused by the protagonists unwillingly targets the families and the people, which eventually leads to the downfall of the protagonist. In Oedipus Rex, the protagonist unwillingly causes suffering. His father Laius, warned by an oracle that Oedipus is cursed to kill his father and marry his mother, tries to avoid the fate and leaves Oedipus on a mountain to die. Later in the play, when Oedipus is on the way to Thebes, he met and killed Laius. ...read more.

Middle

(Sophocles, pg. 38). In Aeschylus' Agamemnon is cursed by the actions his father had done before, "Inherit the curse that descended upon him for his actions." (Alan Weissman, pg. v). After Thystes (Atreus' brother) seduced Atreus' wife he served the boiled flesh of Thystes children at a banquet. Because of these actions, Agamemnon is cursed from the beginning of his life. But Agamemnon didn't try to avoid the fate. He didn't try to find another way to get the winds he needs and he shouldn't have took Cassandra. Also of Agamemnon's own actions that caused suffering it leads to the downfall of him. Hamartia, which means tragic flaw or error in judgment, of Oedipus is another reason for causing suffering. He made some important mistakes and errors that set up the story and eventually causes suffering. First he should have investigated further in Corinth who is father is. He went to the oracle to ask who his father is but came with no answer back. When he was on the to Thebes, he killed Laius. ...read more.

Conclusion

(Sophocles, pg. 16). Oedipus is too proud to accept Tiresias words, instead saying: "An engine-botching crafty cogging knave, Who has no eyes to see with, but for gain, And was born blind in the art!" (Sophocles, pg. 15). He also questions Tiresias power: "When the oracular monster was alive, You said no word to set the people free?" (Sophocles, pg. 15). Oedipus' hubris is another reason for causing suffering. Agamemnon has to some extend hubris. He is too proud to believe the danger he is in when he returns home, instead acting arrogant and ignorant. That will cause the dead of Cassandra and him. Agamemnon should have known better, since his wife hates him because he sacrificed his daughter to the goddess Artemis to get the winds he needs. Sophocles' Oedipus Rex and Aeschylus' Agamemnon have common reasons and causes for the suffering they cause to their family and people. The suffering has different origins, Oedipus Rex causes suffering because of his fate to kill his father and marry his mother and Agamemnon causes suffering because of his father's actions. But there are also many other reasons for causing the suffering, but every cause goes back to the main cause, Oedipus' fate and Agamemnon's father's actions. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Classics essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Who was the real tragic hero of the Agamemnon?

    3 star(s)

    She is not more beautiful because she has had an affair with a coward and this makes her un-pure. Aegisthus is an outcast and this makes her look even manlier. She is not a woman, 10 years of planning her husband's death has corrupted her.

  2. Fate vs Free Will in Oedipus Rex.

    the simple refusal of stepping aside for a chariot to pass on a road, "... forced me off the road at his lord's command; But as the charioteer lurched over toward me / I struck him in my rage."

  1. Discuss the causes and origins of the Peloponnesian War.

    Thucydides lists three events as bringing on the immediate outbreak of the war, although he gives these factors no weight in actually causing the war. These events are the Athenian involvement in the Corinthian-Corcyran dispute, the struggle of Potidaea and the Megarian Decree.

  2. How far do you agree that Sophocles "Oedipus the King" is nothing more than ...

    Here Oedipus still blames himself for the physical pain is he suffering, "But the hand that struck my eyes was mine, mine alone-no one else I did it all myself." However, he maybe blames Apollo for the mental pain he is suffering. Suffering is an important theme in this play.

  1. Compare and Contrast the Portrayal of Clytemnestra in Agamemnon and Electra

    Whether the maternal feelings Clytemnestra displays in Electra are true or a devised method of survival is therefore open to debate. Clytemnestra's intense reaction to Iphigenia's death suggests that the attachment to her children was real and the affectionate addressing of Electra as 'my child' likely to be honest.

  2. In what ways does The Simpsons portray American family and social values?

    Maggie's greatest moment, as mentioned, was when she was found to be Mr. Burns' attacker. In a new video, "Sex, Lies and The Simpsons", which will not be shown on television until after the year 2000, Maggie is found to be the illegitimate love-child of the alien, Zorg, after she grew a fang as her first tooth and sprouted tentacles.

  1. How far should Oedipus as represented in the Oedipus Rex be regarded as an ...

    to an obsession to learn about his ancestry, making him blind to the warnings from the people around him to let it go. Also his intelligence turns against him as he starts to jump to conclusions when the oracle don't when to help him, and formulates a plot against his

  2. SHOULD AESCHYLUS' "AGAMEMNON" BE CALLED "CLYTAEMNESTRA"?

    This is exemplified by her strive for justice (The vengeance of her daughter, Iphigeneia), which she finally achieves with little or no help from Aegisthus, the tone in which she addresses people and the way in which she is able to rule and control the palace.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work