• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How significant in Alexanders campaign to become king of Asia was the battle of Gaugamela

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How significant in Alexander?s campaign to become king of Asia was the battle of Gaugamela In Alexander?s campaign to become king of Asia nothing was more important than his military victories against the Persian enemy. The battle of Gaugamela represents one of Alexander?s most significant victories; it once again confirmed the dominance of Alexander?s troops over the Persian army as well as Alexander?s personal leadership qualities over king Darius?. It also proved to be a decisive victory, as Darius was killed soon after Gaugamela following his crushing defeat and flee from the battlefield. Other than this famous victory, Alexander also won decisive battles at Granicus and Issus, which helped him on his road to become king of Asia. He was also an effective administrator and was able to please both his Greek men and new Persian allies whilst moving through Asia by employing great administrative skill. The battle of Gaugamela in the summer of 331BC was a tremendous victory for Alexander and his troops. According to the Roman historian Arrian, the Macedonian army numbered at around 40,000 infantry and 7,000 cavalry. ...read more.

Middle

Arrian however considers Alexander to have been more rational in this situation and writes that he took care to position his troops, with himself on the right flank, before moving across the river in more orderly fashion and flanking the enemy. The modern day historian Robin Lane Fox has also come up with his own interpretation of events. He writes that Alexander chose to camp over night on his own side of the river, before making a surprise attach upon the Persian camp before dawn. Regardless of the method used by Alexander to gain his decisive victory at Granicus we still can learn a lot about why this battle would have been useful in aiding his campaign to become king of Asia. If it was a courageous yet rash Alexander that won victory as described by Plutarch then we learn about his brilliant leadership and great relationship with his own troops, who were willing to take the immense risk in charging across a river at the heart of their enemy. If it was the more calculated Alexander that won victory as Arrian and Lane Fox believe then we can see Alexander?s amazing tactical mind on display. ...read more.

Conclusion

This change in dress would have greatly pleased Persians who saw Alexander accepting their local traditions, however Alexander was careful to keep his own troops on side and so wore a combination of both culture?s dress. The importance of Alexander?s administration should not be underestimated. Had Alexander have been a more despotic and ruthless conqueror then it is probable that he would have been forced to face up to constant rebellion at the hands of disgruntled Persians. Because Alexander was able to keep Persians happy, he was able to continue his campaign unhindered and also meant he was well received by a large number of potentially hostile cities. Alexander?s combination of immense military prowess and administrative skills meant his campaign to become king of Asia went as smoothly as could be imagined. This said, it was his overwhelming defeat of Darius at Gaugamela that was most significant in him achieving his goal. Had Alexander not been successful at Gaugamela then Darius would never have been murdered and Alexander would not have become king of Asia so comfortably. Because Alexander was able to defeat Darius so convincingly he was quickly accepted as king by much of Persia and so his continued advance through Asia became all the more confortable. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Classics essays

  1. In this essay I will be examining the reasons why against all odds the ...

    Darius' first attack on Greece was to be commanded by his brother in law Mardonius, to avenge the burning of Sardis. However, in 492BC the Persian army encountered Thracian tribes and their fleet was destroyed by a storm at Mount Athos.

  2. To what extent do the sources suggest that Rome had become ungovernable by the ...

    Seemingly the popular politicians new found challenge unsettled the system, but in actual fact the special commands given to Pompey at the beginning of his career set a precedent for others to ignore the cursus honorum, further fuelling ambition and challenge to get positions before their year.

  1. Was Julius Caesar an effective leader?

    Roman ingenuity and built a bridge across the Rhine which he immediately destroyed. This singular seemingly unimportant act was a major part of Caesar's strategy. It is clear from Plutarch that Caesar when he could, would avoid military action, he did not always desire war.

  2. Charging and Discharging a Capacitor at Constant Rate

    slope = [(5800 - 3500) x 10-6] Min. slope = [(3500 - 1200) x 10-6] (2.5 - 1.55) (1.55 - 0.5) = 2.42 x 10-3 = 2.19 x 10-3 Deviation: (2.42 - 2.27) x 10-3 = 0.15 x 10-3 (2.27 - 2.19)

  1. The Moving Image

    The appearance of a cartoon character is often very different to human beings. In 'The Simpsons' the characters have yellow skin and hair that remains exactly the same all the time. 'The Simpsons is a very typical cartoon. The characters are abnormal as they have yellow skin and are not real people.

  2. Why do you think the TV. programme The Simpsons is so successful?

    It suggests to the audience a sense of irony because joking about death can be seen as slightly sick. Visual irony is also used such as when Homer is waiting for his gun. He complains bitterly about having to wait five long, torturous days for a gun, and wonders how

  1. 'The Genius' by Frank O'Connor

    The strong attachment of a son to his mother combined with unconscious feelings of rivalry and hostility towards his mother was called the 'Oedipus complex' by Freud who was a famous psychologist. In the story, however, although the boy clearly prefers his mother to his father - whom he regards

  2. To what extent was the battle of Salamis a turning point in Xerxes' campaign ...

    Herodotus? description of the Spartans fighting with ?bare hands? and similar, at Thermopylae will have spread across Greece, encouraging many to put together troops and fight in a similar way in future battles. Despite their failure, Leonidas and his small force deserve an honoured place among military heroes; their rear-guard

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work