• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How significant in Alexanders campaign to become king of Asia was the battle of Gaugamela

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How significant in Alexander?s campaign to become king of Asia was the battle of Gaugamela In Alexander?s campaign to become king of Asia nothing was more important than his military victories against the Persian enemy. The battle of Gaugamela represents one of Alexander?s most significant victories; it once again confirmed the dominance of Alexander?s troops over the Persian army as well as Alexander?s personal leadership qualities over king Darius?. It also proved to be a decisive victory, as Darius was killed soon after Gaugamela following his crushing defeat and flee from the battlefield. Other than this famous victory, Alexander also won decisive battles at Granicus and Issus, which helped him on his road to become king of Asia. He was also an effective administrator and was able to please both his Greek men and new Persian allies whilst moving through Asia by employing great administrative skill. The battle of Gaugamela in the summer of 331BC was a tremendous victory for Alexander and his troops. According to the Roman historian Arrian, the Macedonian army numbered at around 40,000 infantry and 7,000 cavalry. ...read more.

Middle

Arrian however considers Alexander to have been more rational in this situation and writes that he took care to position his troops, with himself on the right flank, before moving across the river in more orderly fashion and flanking the enemy. The modern day historian Robin Lane Fox has also come up with his own interpretation of events. He writes that Alexander chose to camp over night on his own side of the river, before making a surprise attach upon the Persian camp before dawn. Regardless of the method used by Alexander to gain his decisive victory at Granicus we still can learn a lot about why this battle would have been useful in aiding his campaign to become king of Asia. If it was a courageous yet rash Alexander that won victory as described by Plutarch then we learn about his brilliant leadership and great relationship with his own troops, who were willing to take the immense risk in charging across a river at the heart of their enemy. If it was the more calculated Alexander that won victory as Arrian and Lane Fox believe then we can see Alexander?s amazing tactical mind on display. ...read more.

Conclusion

This change in dress would have greatly pleased Persians who saw Alexander accepting their local traditions, however Alexander was careful to keep his own troops on side and so wore a combination of both culture?s dress. The importance of Alexander?s administration should not be underestimated. Had Alexander have been a more despotic and ruthless conqueror then it is probable that he would have been forced to face up to constant rebellion at the hands of disgruntled Persians. Because Alexander was able to keep Persians happy, he was able to continue his campaign unhindered and also meant he was well received by a large number of potentially hostile cities. Alexander?s combination of immense military prowess and administrative skills meant his campaign to become king of Asia went as smoothly as could be imagined. This said, it was his overwhelming defeat of Darius at Gaugamela that was most significant in him achieving his goal. Had Alexander not been successful at Gaugamela then Darius would never have been murdered and Alexander would not have become king of Asia so comfortably. Because Alexander was able to defeat Darius so convincingly he was quickly accepted as king by much of Persia and so his continued advance through Asia became all the more confortable. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Classics essays

  1. 'The Genius' by Frank O'Connor

    Similarly, the adult writer communicates much more sympathy with the long-suffering father who stares 'moodily' at the son whose behaviour and whose interests he does not understand than he does with the little boy who takes himself so very seriously and is determined to be "a proper genius".

  2. Charging and Discharging a Capacitor at Constant Rate

    The charging period was recorded. 8. Steps 5 to 7 were repeated twice. Experiment 2 Variation of voltage with time when a capacitor is charged at constant rate 1. The above circuit was examined. 2. The circuit was connected as shown. The variable resistor was set to the highest resistance.

  1. "Oedipus the King".

    Do you know who your parents are? Unknowing you are the enemy to kith and kin in death, beneath the earth, and in this life." (1.1.455) In this quote I believe that obstacle must be forcefully removed because it interferes with his sense of what's going on and Tiresias prophesizes Oedipus' tragic fate.

  2. To what extent do the sources suggest that Rome had become ungovernable by the ...

    Though this offers no real facts (one side of a court case) - the influence of the law courts could perhaps be seen here, with the importance of rhetoric, and how easily people can be swayed. Key historians at this time, namely Sallust, writes at the beginning of his Catiline

  1. According to the Res Gestae and Suetonius' Life of Augustus, how effective were Augustus' ...

    Suetonius states that the two faults which "[Augustus] condemned most in a military commander were haste and recklessness" and he only fought battles if the "hope of victory was clearly greater than the fear of defeat." This style of leadership was, yet again, much more efficient and effective since it

  2. In this essay I will be examining the reasons why against all odds the ...

    Conspiracy formed amongst the Persian royal court, and seven of the Achaemenid counsel ambitious to take to the Persian thrown. Darius, a distant cousin of Cyrus, came forward prophesising he had been chosen by the gods to rule the thrown of Persia, claiming he was the King of Kings.

  1. Was Julius Caesar an effective leader?

    His own recordings in The Conquest of Gaul would argue so, but this is just evidence of his use of propaganda to further his political career. The political ramifications are kept in the background from any recordings and analysis of his life.

  2. To what extent was the battle of Salamis a turning point in Xerxes' campaign ...

    Herodotus? description of the Spartans fighting with ?bare hands? and similar, at Thermopylae will have spread across Greece, encouraging many to put together troops and fight in a similar way in future battles. Despite their failure, Leonidas and his small force deserve an honoured place among military heroes; their rear-guard

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work