• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Odyssey.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Odyssey Entry #11 11/24/03 The Odyssey, by Homer, describes the journey of Odysseus returning to his home after serving in the Trojan War. While attempting to sail to Ithaca, Odysseus is greatly influenced by several gods and goddesses. Three such influential gods are Calypso, Athena, and Poseidon. This intervention of the gods is a recurring pattern and stylistic technique that Homer utilizes in his Greek epic, The Odyssey. Whereas Athena and Calypso aid Odysseus with his homecoming, Poseidon creates trouble and disaster for Odysseus at every opportunity. The main source of Poseidon's discontent with Odysseus is a result of Odysseus blinding a Cyclops by the name of Polyphemos, a son of Poseidon. ...read more.

Middle

She is very selfish, not considering that Odysseus has a family and a home. Although Odysseus could have reached his home several years before if Calypso had not detained him on her island, Calypso is generous and helpful to Odysseus upon his departure. She aids in the construction of his wooden raft, she gives him food and other provisions to take along, and she advises him to sail with the Bear constellation on his left. Although Odysseus is fearful that Calypso may work some secret mischief, his fears are soon relieved when he arrives at the island of Scheria and the kind Phaeacians. Athena, a daughter of Zeus, is a goddess who helps Odysseus and his son, Telemachos. ...read more.

Conclusion

When she becomes aware of Telemachos' unhappiness with the suitors, she encourages him to go on a journey to learn more about his courageous father. She advises him to leave the house for a while so he can avoid making a decision for his mother. If he stays, he would have to choose a husband for his mother against her wishes. Telemachos travels to Pylos and Sparta, and he returns home as a stronger man, aware and proud of his father's prestige. Gods and goddesses certainly played a significant role in The Odyssey. Homer creatively used these gods to show the immortal interference that was believed to be present in everyday Greek society. Many were helpful, but Poseidon's wrath kept Odysseus from easily returning home after the Trojan War. However, each of the gods contributed in testing Odysseus' strength, courage, and determination to return to his family. (642) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Classics essays

  1. Assess the significance of the Gods in Homer's Iliad and Odyssey

    The gods have supreme power, but they are not omnipotent. Omnipotence is of course not easy to reconcile with polytheism, as gods oppose each other. Men have free will and are responsible for their actions. Men have free will and are responsible for their actions.

  2. The narrative epic, 'The Odyssey' composed by Homer between 750 and 650 BC recounts ...

    focal point is soon shifted from Odysseus to the quandary of his son, Telemachus. The context of this passage divulges the sub-plot of Telemachus's predicament as Athena, disguised as Mentor, wields a very potent tone as she urges Telemachus on to seek news regarding Odysseus.

  1. Odysseus. The first time we meet Odysseus is in book five, previous to this ...

    This love almost seems to help him persevere through the many hardships that he encounters on his journey home.

  2. What qualities does Odysseus show in the episodes he relates in Books 9-12? Does ...

    The beasts in the Odyssey are usually fantastic and extraordinary who can't realistically be fought with a sword (e.g. Scylla, Laestrygonians). The dangers usually need the application of 'metis' (cunning) not 'bié' (brute force). Odysseus can be praised for his flexibility in this sense.

  1. history classics

    The akh went to join the stars of Osiris. The akh was the part of the soul that was most like the soul of the Greeks and Romans. Once the person had died, Anubis, the Egyptian god of the underworld, would weigh the person's heart against the feather of truth, if the scales balanced then the person would go

  2. The Odyssey by Homer

    the smouldering log buried in the ashes to preserve its hidden spark of fire gives us a clear perception of Odysseus' flickering spark of life being tenderly preserved in the bed of leaves. The most touching of all the similes comes when Odysseus sees Phaeacia as he is in the sea.

  1. Compare the treatment of the Gods in the Iliad and the Odyssey.

    He restores this confidence to the troops who are able to then face the Trojan onslaught. Hera's seduction of Zeus in book fourteen, takes Zeus completely out of the picture. Poseidon does not fail to exploit the situation and he starts taking charge of the Greek army, hence restoring the

  2. How important is Book 11 to the overall meaning of The Odyssey?

    keep away all of the other souls until he spoke with Teiresias. However, in the horde of souls was Elpenor, who had been one of Odysseus' men. He had died on Circe's isle, Aeaea, where he had fallen headfirst and broken his neck.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work