• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Odyssey.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Odyssey Entry #11 11/24/03 The Odyssey, by Homer, describes the journey of Odysseus returning to his home after serving in the Trojan War. While attempting to sail to Ithaca, Odysseus is greatly influenced by several gods and goddesses. Three such influential gods are Calypso, Athena, and Poseidon. This intervention of the gods is a recurring pattern and stylistic technique that Homer utilizes in his Greek epic, The Odyssey. Whereas Athena and Calypso aid Odysseus with his homecoming, Poseidon creates trouble and disaster for Odysseus at every opportunity. The main source of Poseidon's discontent with Odysseus is a result of Odysseus blinding a Cyclops by the name of Polyphemos, a son of Poseidon. ...read more.

Middle

She is very selfish, not considering that Odysseus has a family and a home. Although Odysseus could have reached his home several years before if Calypso had not detained him on her island, Calypso is generous and helpful to Odysseus upon his departure. She aids in the construction of his wooden raft, she gives him food and other provisions to take along, and she advises him to sail with the Bear constellation on his left. Although Odysseus is fearful that Calypso may work some secret mischief, his fears are soon relieved when he arrives at the island of Scheria and the kind Phaeacians. Athena, a daughter of Zeus, is a goddess who helps Odysseus and his son, Telemachos. ...read more.

Conclusion

When she becomes aware of Telemachos' unhappiness with the suitors, she encourages him to go on a journey to learn more about his courageous father. She advises him to leave the house for a while so he can avoid making a decision for his mother. If he stays, he would have to choose a husband for his mother against her wishes. Telemachos travels to Pylos and Sparta, and he returns home as a stronger man, aware and proud of his father's prestige. Gods and goddesses certainly played a significant role in The Odyssey. Homer creatively used these gods to show the immortal interference that was believed to be present in everyday Greek society. Many were helpful, but Poseidon's wrath kept Odysseus from easily returning home after the Trojan War. However, each of the gods contributed in testing Odysseus' strength, courage, and determination to return to his family. (642) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Classics essays

  1. How important is Book 11 to the overall meaning of The Odyssey?

    However, Procris was Cephalus great love, and he was returned to her (as Odysseus finally returns to Penelope). As with Odysseus, Cephalus appearance is changed by goddess so that he can find if his wife has been faithful. I think this is almost a warning to Odysseus of what is

  2. The Odyssey by Homer

    But it is not until Odysseus once again reaches Ithaca that she will be able to do so without fear of Poseidon's wrath. Homer, by mixing in some elements of magic (the forever ripe fruit and semi-divine Phaeacians) prepares the reader for the fantasy books.

  1. What qualities does Odysseus show in the episodes he relates in Books 9-12? Does ...

    The only time that he is kept from this desire is on Aeaea, where he spends an entire year feasting like a suitor (though one could argue that he is under the intoxication of the witch Circe). Finally, we come to the last heroic quality on the list above - to be doomed to an early death like Achilles.

  2. Whom do you admire more as a leader – Odysseus in the Odyssey or ...

    His lack of personal contact with the gods shows that he is just a pawn, merely a very important pawn. However, the actual tangible help that Aeneas receives is far greater than Athene's to Odysseus. The son of Venus receives divine weapons "beyond all words" and of "shining splendour".

  1. Assess the significance of the Gods in Homer's Iliad and Odyssey

    No gods can play a major role in Homer unless they have a personal appeal and power. This condition tends to minimise or exclude those gods that are too particularly identified with a certain sphere of activity to take a generally appealing physiognomy.

  2. How are the figures of Telemachus, Odysseus and Athena presented in Books I to ...

    and the chaos that has ensued during his absence - Ithica is without an officiated ruler and, with no definitive confirmation as to his father's fate, Telemachus had been left in limbo; unable to take up his fathers vacated position or make a new name for himself.

  1. Odysseus. The first time we meet Odysseus is in book five, previous to this ...

    With Odysseus' physical strengths he could choose to be fierce and controlling, but instead he chooses to be kind and fair. His emotional stability creates a likable heroic character. The first time we meet Odysseus is in book five, previous to this we have only heard about him, from the gods, his family, and his friends.

  2. The narrative epic, 'The Odyssey' composed by Homer between 750 and 650 BC recounts ...

    Look to yourself; remember what I told you." Telemachus replied: "Friend, you have done me kindness, like a father to his son, and I shall not forget your counsel ever. You must get back to sea, I know, but come take a hot bath, and rest; accept a gift to make you heart lift up when you embark-

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work