• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Parthenon was part of an ambitious building campaign that began around 450 b.c. in Athens Greece.

Extracts from this document...


Austin Didio Paul Schweizer Survey of Art I 10/11/11 The Parthenon was part of an ambitious building campaign that began around 450 b.c. in Athens Greece. Some say The Parthenon as the culmination of classical architectureI. t took only eight years to build this architectural wonder and it is an icon to the art and culture of Western civilization. It has withstood over two thousands years of weathering and human destruction. After continues looting and destruction the Parthenon eventually fell to ruins with many fragmented pieces. Restoration began for a second time in the 1970's and has cost well over one hundred million dollars, but it was well worth it. As restoration finally is nearing completion more and more secrets of how it was constructed are discovered. Greek builders faced many challenges along the way, possibly the first problem they faced was how they would get the massive blocks of marble needed because the quarries were located thousands of miles away on remote islands. ...read more.


The idealism of the Greek way of living, the attention to detail, as well as the understanding of a mathematically explained harmony in the natural world, These ideals are represented in the perfect proportions of the building, in its intricate architectural elements. To the unaided eye, columns tend to look narrower in the middle than at the top or bottom. So when Iktinos designed the Parthenon he built the columns with slight "optical refinements" or bulges in the middle, to make them appear straight this effect is known as entasis. The whole building its self has almost no perfect right angles or straight lines. The ancient Greeks had advanced knowledge that straight lines give the impression of descending curves under the light of the sun. The curving starts from the foundations of the temple and moves on to the sill, entablature, ceilings, roof and even the tiling. The architects also had advanced knowledge of proportional harmony which is identifying useful aspects of natural processes and applying them to their creations. ...read more.


Even with all of this knowledge of how the Parthenon was constructed in just eight years, it has taken experts over thirty years to fix the problems caused by previous restoration attempts and damage over the last 2,500 years. The Ancient Greek Parthenon was built over 2,500 years ago. Since its construction it has had many uses, and even today is still considered the culmination of classical architecture. Damaged by man, the nature, and war, it is nowhere near the pristine condition it was originally in, but over the last 30 or so years a major reconstruction effort has taken place and transformed this once considered "ruin" into a beautiful work of architecture. It serves as an example of what man is and always has been capable of, and even gives us insight of what we are capable of in the future. This reconstruction effort has saved an icon of Western Civilization from complete destruction, and has given myself along with many others inspiration for the future. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Classics essays

  1. How far is it possible to explain the differences between the Parthenon and the ...

    More visual elements and illustrations were used in the making. Whereas the Temple of Zeus at Olympia didn't use many graphical details but was made like a normal Greek style building. The statue of Zeus at Olympia is one of the classical Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and seemed as a focal point for visitors to Olympia.

  2. Assess the respective contributions of Athens and Sparta and other Greeks to Greek victory ...

    The Spartans also contributed greatly to the Greek defence of their homeland. Were it not for the actions of the Spartan King, Leonidas and his 300 Spartans; and the other Greeks that stayed behind to fight at the Battle of Thermopylae, the Greeks that were sent home may not have

  1. In this essay I will be examining the reasons why against all odds the ...

    The rest of Greece although interested in overthrowing tyranny was not as dedicated to the army as the Spartans and perhaps distracted by their art, philosophy and economics, this however did bode them well in their naval skills as they were accomplished seamen having navigated the seas on their advanced triremes for their trading expeditions.

  2. How useful are the sources for our understanding of the significance of tribunes in ...

    extent changed the constitution from an aristocratic to a democratic form [since] speakers addressed themselves to the people, not the senate.' Tribunes sometimes could do good, but at the same times could be loose cannons and be very destructive. Sulla sensing how influential tribunes could be, he sought to strengthen

  1. What were the problems facing architects when designing the layout of buildings on the ...

    As a result of the new wider foundations the Parthenon has unusually eight columns along the east and west ends and has a consistent ratio of 9:4. Many of the temples (the Parthenon entirely) were made out of locally sourced marbles from the quarries on Mount Pentelicon.

  2. A103_TMA03 Classical Studies

    The games were also hugely important to those who fought, having the most to gain - their freedom. For Gladiators, the games were seen as proof of their courage and successful Gladiators were hugely popular with the crowds. Criminals sent into the arena had more to gain than popularity and

  1. To what extent was the battle of Salamis a turning point in Xerxes' campaign ...

    In the end, the Battle's value as a turning point in Xerxes? invasion lay not in land gained or lost or in men killed or captured, but in inspiration. The Spartans and Thespians had taught Greece and the world an enduring lesson about courage in the face of impossible odds.

  2. Overview of Ancient Greece

    The great Minoan fleet ruled the Mediterranean, providing wealth to the island from trade and commerce as well as providing protection from any invaders. They were peaceful people with a love of life and equality between men and women. A major earthquake hit Crete around 1450 BC, causing large-scale destruction

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work