• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The republic under Augustus

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How true do you consider Augustus, claim that in 28-27 BC he transferred the republic from his power to the dominion of the senate and people? After the battle of Actium at 31 BC, Augustus was put into a dilemma. Originally, the Second Triumvirate had the mission to restore the republic but now after the death of Mark Antony only one man was left in charge, a position in disagreement with the Roman tradition. The hatred of kings was painfully fresh in all minds, ever since Caesar's assassination. Thus, Augustus had to find a way to prevent any future civil wars but without usurping the leadership. In 28 BC he symbolically retired, knowing that the senate and people of Rome would beg for his return, and all this with the aim to differentiate him from the previous tyrants. ...read more.

Middle

Moreover, the word 'respublica' continued to be used as proven by public inscriptions praising the 'restoration'. Thus, Augustus would keep an eye on things, to exercise what Romans called a tutela or cura, a role of guardian or protector. Having one man with as much power as Augustus was in controversy with foundation of democracy. However, Rome was not a democracy of an Athenian type where everyone has an equal voice. Money and heritage were leading factors when running for elections and in this sense Augustus might have only transformed the oligarchy into autocracy. Actually, the construction of a new voting hall on Campus Martius presents evidence that Augustus restored the most important civil right of all - the right to vote. ...read more.

Conclusion

Thus, senate's decision to call him back was perfectly predictable. And it is true that Augustus did not hold all the responsibilities, but he had just enough to make himself almighty. The consular and subsequently the tribunician powers had the role to provide him with control within the city of Rome and the patronage over the legions gave him legal rights to govern the Empire. As seen in Res Gestae the soldiers had to swear an oath of allegiance not to Rome, as the tradition was, but to Augustus as he had 'imperium'. In this way Caesar's heir found a way to be a king outside the boundaries of the republican city of Rome. And because the First Settlement left a gap in this regime as seen from Marcus Primus' treachery, Augustus chose to add the word 'maius' towards his responsibilities and finally outwash the republican tradition. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Classics essays

  1. To what extent did the Roman emperor Augustus restore the republic?

    Another Republican tradition that was, in the Senate, the order of speaking was determined by the age of the Senator but under the rule of Augustus, it was he himself that spoke first and chose those who spoke in the Senate.

  2. According to the Res Gestae and Suetonius' Life of Augustus, how effective were Augustus' ...

    troops were more prepared for war and to keep peace in the provinces. As can be seen by the fact that the gates of the Temple of Janus were closed three times during Augustus' tenure, "The Temple of Janus Quirinus which had been closed no more than twice since the

  1. To what extent do the sources suggest that Rome had become ungovernable by the ...

    supporters forget him), in which his campaigns were read out every day (in third person) reiterating to the people how much of a hero he was, or even seemed to be - gaining more popular support. The character of Caesar in contrast with other successful general and politician Pompey -

  2. Was Julius Caesar an effective leader?

    Ultimately leading to a more stable and powerful Rome. He succeeded in achieving his two main aims as a general, to prepare for his political career, and to engage the Roman people in his vision for a new empire. On the defeat of a German intrusion into Gaul Caesar applied

  1. Is Aeneas pious, and would the Romans of Augustan Rome have thought him to ...

    in his own right hand, which is a demonstration of their equality. Aeneas respects the family rules, by asking his wife, Creusa, to walk behind the three men, and ?follow in (his) footsteps?. However, despite Creusa having to follow the men ?at a distance?, Aeneas is extremely loyal to her,

  2. To what extent does the evidence support the view that Roman emperors paid very ...

    and Domitian to the views of the majority of the people that did not support the implementations of banquets or formal dinners. In addition to this, Suetonius states that Domitian issued ?an edict that forbade the further planting of vines in Italy?.

  1. Do Augustan sources portray an accurate picture of the Battle of Actium?

    Horace?s emphasis on Eastern effeminacy further stresses that the Battle of Actium was a foreign war. Epode 9 must not, however, be taken at face value as Horace was employed by Octavian to write the poem; this means that Horace was obliged to write in such a way that pleased

  2. To what extent and for what reasons did Augustus resist the creation of an ...

    Ptolemaic Egypt was cult-like and worshipped pharaohs as Gods. Due to heterogeneous territories, religion was seen as a uniting factor for rulers to forge links between the populace and themselves. The idea of Augustus openly declaring himself as a deity during his lifetime was an impossibility that would have led to exile or assassination.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work