• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What problems have you identified in making connections between the world described in the Homeric poems and the archaeological evidence you have studied? How far do you think it is possible to resolve these problems?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What problems have you identified in making connections between the world described in the Homeric poems and the archaeological evidence you have studied? How far do you think it is possible to resolve these problems? In this essay I shall demonstrate that it is not currently possible to resolve the problems I have identified in making connections, between the world of the Homeric poems and the archaeological evidence I have studied. This essay will deal with two specific areas, the first is that of the problems associated with the citadel of Troy while the second, will deal with the problems posed by, Homers descriptions of the armour and the weapons used by the hero's of the Iliad. In book six of the Iliad Homer mentions a series of features in relation to the citadel of Troy. These range from the description of the hero's houses, such as Hektor's 'well established dwelling' in 370 and Paris' 'high house' in 503, to the descriptions of the defences of the city as found in lines 327 where he mentions 'the steep wall', and in line 386 the 'great bastions of Ilion'. ...read more.

Middle

It is therefore possible that they served as the focal point around which the legendary tales of Homer's heroic age were built. The age that Homer tells of in the Iliad is one in which the hero's fight with armour and weapons, items that are highly prized and sought after (6.617-18). There are four scenes within the Iliad in which Homer describes in full detail the armour and weapons of the hero's, they are Alexandros in 3.330-448, Agamemnon at 11.17-44, Patroklos in 16.131-44 and Achilleus at 19.369-91. As genre scenes the descriptions follow a standard formula, with the occasional digression to add details such as, the ornamentation of Agamemnon's breast plate at 11.24-28, and to highlight the inability of Patroklos to wield the ash spear of Achilleus at 16.140-44, a point which highlights the fact that there are some major differences in the type of weapons and armour that are used. These differences are seen when we compare the weapons and armour described in the four scenes mentioned above. Both Paris (3.338) and Achilleus (19.387-8) are described as carrying single spears, Paris's is described as 'strong shafted' while Achilleus' is 'huge heavy thick', this is in contrast to Agamemnon and Patroklos who are both described as carrying 'two strong spears' at (11.43) ...read more.

Conclusion

8th century BCE), onto those that were used in a previous age. This suggests that Homer was not fully conversant with or had not seen some of the weapons he was describing. So in conclusion, we have in this essay looked at the problems relating to both the Citadel of Troy and the armour and the weapons worn by the hero's of the Iliad. Both highlight the difficulties of making direct connections to the world of Homer. The archaeological excavations on the site of Hissarlik have not as yet yielded any evidence that can prove the stories as told in the Iliad. In order for this problem to be resolved there would need to be a discovery on the site, of some form of textual evidence that explicitly refers to the events as described by Homer in his poems (AC4, band 6). The issues relating to the Armour and weapons of the Iliad are also difficult to resolve in relation to the world created by Homer, as the archaeological evidence clearly indicates that, the stories have changed, being manipulated as they passed through centuries of oral recitation. It is therefore my conclusion that it is not currently possible to resolve the issues that have been dealt with within this essay. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Classics essays

  1. How far does the Agamemnon reflect the Perfect Tragedy?

    Spectacle, according to Aristotle, is not as important as diction however there is quite a lot of spectacle in the Agamemnon to help us to understand what is going on in the play. There are so many metaphors in the play to give the spectacle of what is going on.

  2. How far is it possible to explain the differences between the Parthenon and the ...

    The east pediment narrates the birth of Athena from the head of her father, Zeus, whereas the west pediment presents the dispute of Athena and Poseidon over the city of Athens. The Parthenon's spiritual quality is heightened by the lack of a single, straight, vertical line in the peristyle.

  1. Compare and Contrast the characters of Hektor and Paris and draw close character analysis ...

    How a character is perceived by others in particular "close ones" is interesting as true accounts of them can be gathered. Within book six there are three particularly interesting interactions in which Hektor is involved. The first being with his mother Hecuba.

  2. "Achilles and Hector have more in common with each other than they do with ...

    of Achilles imply that because his pride is hurt, as he has been, "robbed" of his prize, he feels the need to cover his hurt by being arrogant. Achilles knows he is a valued warrior and therefore threatens to leave the battlefield.

  1. Assess the significance of the Gods in Homer's Iliad and Odyssey

    Hermes guides Priam to Achilles. Hephaestus builds Achilles' shield. Iris bears the messages of Zeus. The Hours open the gates of Olympus. Themis calls the gods and serves at the divine banquet. Even these gods are removed from the shadowy background of popular cults or beliefs; they acquire clarity of outline on the strength of what they actually do.

  2. Civilization and Savagery in The Iliad.

    The sense of frustration and futility of the war is clearly sown as the Greeks fight the Trojans for more than nine years on end. With war comes death, a fact that resounds throughout the Iliad: While Euchenor knew that boarding the ships for Troy meant certain death: his father told him so...

  1. Agamemnon - King of Mycenae and commander in chief of the coalition that attacked ...

    In return for Jason's pledge of everlasting fidelity and his promise to take her back to Greece with him, she used her magic gifts to enable him to deceive her father and obtain the fleece. Orestes was the son of Agamemnon, king of Mycenae, and Clytemnestra.

  2. Euripides was accused by his contempories of being a woman hater. Why do you ...

    "Do; and you'll find he will stop persecuting you." "He lives in my house; and that makes him arrogant." "There you go, kindling the old quarrel once again." Euripides shows the tension between the shallow Electra and single-minded Clytemnestra. Neither of them are heroines in any way and they are always shown in a bad light in the play,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work