• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What problems have you identified in making connections between the world described in the Homeric poems and the archaeological evidence you have studied? How far do you think it is possible to resolve these problems?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What problems have you identified in making connections between the world described in the Homeric poems and the archaeological evidence you have studied? How far do you think it is possible to resolve these problems? In this essay I shall demonstrate that it is not currently possible to resolve the problems I have identified in making connections, between the world of the Homeric poems and the archaeological evidence I have studied. This essay will deal with two specific areas, the first is that of the problems associated with the citadel of Troy while the second, will deal with the problems posed by, Homers descriptions of the armour and the weapons used by the hero's of the Iliad. In book six of the Iliad Homer mentions a series of features in relation to the citadel of Troy. These range from the description of the hero's houses, such as Hektor's 'well established dwelling' in 370 and Paris' 'high house' in 503, to the descriptions of the defences of the city as found in lines 327 where he mentions 'the steep wall', and in line 386 the 'great bastions of Ilion'. ...read more.

Middle

It is therefore possible that they served as the focal point around which the legendary tales of Homer's heroic age were built. The age that Homer tells of in the Iliad is one in which the hero's fight with armour and weapons, items that are highly prized and sought after (6.617-18). There are four scenes within the Iliad in which Homer describes in full detail the armour and weapons of the hero's, they are Alexandros in 3.330-448, Agamemnon at 11.17-44, Patroklos in 16.131-44 and Achilleus at 19.369-91. As genre scenes the descriptions follow a standard formula, with the occasional digression to add details such as, the ornamentation of Agamemnon's breast plate at 11.24-28, and to highlight the inability of Patroklos to wield the ash spear of Achilleus at 16.140-44, a point which highlights the fact that there are some major differences in the type of weapons and armour that are used. These differences are seen when we compare the weapons and armour described in the four scenes mentioned above. Both Paris (3.338) and Achilleus (19.387-8) are described as carrying single spears, Paris's is described as 'strong shafted' while Achilleus' is 'huge heavy thick', this is in contrast to Agamemnon and Patroklos who are both described as carrying 'two strong spears' at (11.43) ...read more.

Conclusion

8th century BCE), onto those that were used in a previous age. This suggests that Homer was not fully conversant with or had not seen some of the weapons he was describing. So in conclusion, we have in this essay looked at the problems relating to both the Citadel of Troy and the armour and the weapons worn by the hero's of the Iliad. Both highlight the difficulties of making direct connections to the world of Homer. The archaeological excavations on the site of Hissarlik have not as yet yielded any evidence that can prove the stories as told in the Iliad. In order for this problem to be resolved there would need to be a discovery on the site, of some form of textual evidence that explicitly refers to the events as described by Homer in his poems (AC4, band 6). The issues relating to the Armour and weapons of the Iliad are also difficult to resolve in relation to the world created by Homer, as the archaeological evidence clearly indicates that, the stories have changed, being manipulated as they passed through centuries of oral recitation. It is therefore my conclusion that it is not currently possible to resolve the issues that have been dealt with within this essay. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Classics essays

  1. How far is it possible to explain the differences between the Parthenon and the ...

    In the sixth century AD, the Parthenon was converted into a Christian church inscribed to the virgin. After the Turkish conquest, it was transposed into a mosque. The statue of Zeus inside the Temple of Zeus at Olympia which exemplifies that Zeus was to stand up holds significance.

  2. "Achilles and Hector have more in common with each other than they do with ...

    this quote allows us to see into the true character of this loving and caring man. He truly loves his family and does not want any harm to come to them when he is dead; this is clearly the driving force behind Hector's ferocious fighting spirit.

  1. What was the function of hadrians wall

    a defensive structure from the barbarians of the North with the forts being more on the Southern side of it, the number of gates within in would suggest otherwise. There is also the fact that there is a Vallum (a huge ditch and mound system that runs the length of the wall)

  2. How far does the Agamemnon reflect the Perfect Tragedy?

    almost shows that she is more inferior than she seems throughout the rest of the play. She is quite necessary to the play because she is the justice of Zeus, and she is needed in the following play because the trilogy needs to move forward.

  1. Compare and Contrast the characters of Hektor and Paris and draw close character analysis ...

    "Hektor hearing his word was happy and went into the space between and forced back the Trojan battalions holding his spear by the middle until they were all seated. But the flowing-haired Achaians kept pointing their bows at him with arrows and with flung stones striving ever to strike him".

  2. Euripides was accused by his contempories of being a woman hater. Why do you ...

    However, Hecabe as a character is very interesting. The audience comes away not knowing what to think of her. She begins the play as a woman who has endured such a lot of pain as the former Queen of the now sacked citadel of Troy.

  1. Civilization and Savagery in The Iliad.

    With about two hundred and fifty names in the text, all with individual stories behind their life or death, the story may become murky but never unemotional. Many times a character will be introduced only to be killed off within the same chapter.

  2. Is Aeneas pious, and would the Romans of Augustan Rome have thought him to ...

    Likewise Cleopatra, who Dido is modelled of, had to die- she was female and so was irrational, so was a bad leader, and this also explains why she was so passionate, because the stoic stereotype of a woman, is that they are passionate, emotional and irrational.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work