• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the problems facing architects when designing the layout of buildings on the Acropolis?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Laura Pavlou Classics Mrs Ramage What were the problems facing architects when designing the layout of buildings on the Acropolis? Architects faced many problems when building temples in sanctuaries. A sanctuary's boundaries can be identified by several things; natural boundaries including mountains (like Delphi and Olympia), rivers of an edge of a wooded area, man-made boundaries including walls (like Acropolis) or a row of stones placed around the perimeter. These boundaries could often pose difficulties in the layout of buildings. When designing the Acropolis architects had to consider the graphology, previous buildings, and transportation of building materials. The Acropolis is situated on the top of a large flat hill in the centre of Athens. As a result of its positioning there are sheer drops on all sides and an extremely rocky terrain. We can clearly see how this has affected the buildings and in particular the Propylaia (the gateway to the sanctuary). It can be found at the west side of the Acropolis. The gateway was 'refurbished' after the Persian wars under the watchful eye of Phidas and its architect Mnesicles. ...read more.

Middle

However as a result of an older temple - the temple of Athene Nike, one wing on each side had to be scrapped. Also as a result of this small temple the southern porch is slightly smaller than the northern. Plans to have an art gallery in both porches also had to be demolished and instead the art gallery was placed only in the larger northern porch. The building of the Erechtheion posed many problems for Phidas and his team of architects. Where the Erechtheion is placed is the tomb of an Athenian mythical king. Also there are other sacred places including the 'sea' of Poseidon and the image of Poseidon's trident. The various cults and holy places in this small area were incorporated in the design in order to showcase them so that the legends and myths could not be forgotten. Because of these important sacred places are in the position, the Erechtheion was again built over several levels. The cella has been split into two and is on two levels; the one in the east higher and contains the cult statue whilst the west one on a lower level has been divided into an anteroom and two inner chambers. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is one problem that was faced by architects when building the temples at Olympia, in particular the temple of Zeus, because of its remote location the had to use the crumbly local limestone. During the building of the Parthenon many refinements had to take place so that the building looked 'normal' against the blue skies. The middle of the stylobate was raised slightly in the middle. The columns swelled around a third of the way up so that the didn't get thinner in the middle it also helped to support the weight of the roof. The columns in particular bent inwards, if they carry on raising up they will eventually met. Small sculptures were placed along the bottom of the roof so that the rain water would run down the then spout out so that large puddles would not form at the bottom and it also provided them with another opportunity t show off their sculpture. All of these small refinements were made in order for the Parthenon to look absolutely spectacular. The layout of the Acropolis has been cleverly designed in order to incorporate both the modern and new, and to make the most of the graphology. It has been masterfully done. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Classics essays

  1. How far is it possible to explain the differences between the Parthenon and the ...

    Compared to the Parthenon the Temple of Zeus at Olympia was made with a range of different materials, nevertheless, the Parthenon was made in a more graceful and decorative manner. With every little detail taken care of and the structure made to perfection.

  2. Describe the main temples on the Altis. Which in your opinion is the most ...

    in the opisthodomos of the temple. Each of the replacement columns was in the style of its own period, so that the columns, all of a different diameter, as a whole provided an example of the development of the Doric columns.

  1. Investigation of the effect of changes in ionic concentration on the e.m.f of a ...

    current passing through the electrochemical cell, and hence the cell had zero resistance. However, it was impossible in real case. Resistance present in the electrochemical cell and therefore the cell e.m.f in real case would be smaller. Yet, the internal resistance could be minimized by using electrodes without much impurities coated on the surface.

  2. How far was Plato's perception of rhetoric a consistent one?

    The same is true of society. If the Philosopher Kings were to be ruled over by the workers in society, balance would no longer be maintained. However, even in the reverse direction, should the Philosopher kings try their hand at farming, they are unlikely to have the specialised knowledge to do so, and so society again cannot function correctly.

  1. What were the issues facing sculptors of metopes? How successfully did the sculptors of ...

    These four metopes relate to the Pan-Hellenic sanctuary as people came to the sanctuary for the Games from all over the known world, and these four metopes represent those people. When addressing the issue of size and scale to make the metopes visible from some distance away, the sculptors at Olympia used a variety of successful techniques.

  2. The Parthenon was part of an ambitious building campaign that began around 450 b.c. ...

    One of the biggest issues was that there over 70,000 pieces and no instruction manual. Skilled architects and stone workers catalogued and numbered every piece of stone and then had to figure out how they all fit together. In the process of putting together this giant puzzle they soon found that many pieces of marble have been lost forever.

  1. Why do you think the TV. programme The Simpsons is so successful?

    After the necessary time passes, he gets his gun, which he shows his family and demonstrates on how to use it in a shockingly irresponsible way. Both Marge and Lisa are against his ownership of a gun. To convince them how great guns are, he brings the family to an NRA meeting, where he becomes a lifetime member.

  2. history classics

    towards death and burial have been influenced in any way by the ancient world. A comparison of the exteriors The exteriors of these tombs are all on a huge scale. The pyramid of Giza is by far the greatest reaching over 146 metres tall and weighing over 6 million tons.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work