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According to John Searle, strong analytical devices that have Artificial Intelligence can, at most, have a strong sense of syntax and as such can interpret information by syntactic means.

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Introduction

Prompt: According to John Searle, strong analytical devices that have Artificial Intelligence can, at most, have a strong sense of syntax and as such can interpret information by syntactic means. If given the opportunity, would a digital computing device (using syntactical device as a means for interpretation) be able to choose between different means of social/political/economic way of life? What means of life would the digital device choose? Give an analysis of how this decision would come about. Give John Searle's reply to these remarks. John Searle worries that the contemporary interpretation of a computing devices' "thought process" might be misconstrued as actual thought. His main focus shines on the notion of a computing device that has strong Artificial Intelligence (AI) and is capable of arriving at seeming judgments in a fashion that is in accordance with our thought process. His first three chapters of Minds, Brains, and Science is devoted to a series of thought experiments to entertain as well as evaluate such a situation where a computer would be given the hypothetical opportunity to "think." The main thrust of these thought experiments were to show that no matter how well a computer was able to manipulate a series of symbols, these manipulations or classical interpretation wouldn't not be enough to actually extrapolate any sort of meaning out of the symbols/words/sentences in question. The topographical interpretations of these symbols vis-�-vis meaningful interpretation of these symbols were accounted for as syntax versus semantics. In short, syntactic manipulation of formal symbols does not by itself constitute semantics. However, an interesting notion comes about as to whether or not such a computational device would be able to signal one set of social/economic/political ideals over another with nothing more than a syntactical interpretation. Seemingly, to choose one set of values over another would take no more interpretation other than to evaluate pure benefits from each. This conception of beneficiary power brings about a set of circumstances that were not addressed; it is my contention that through ...read more.

Middle

intelligent and na�ve adolescent that's ready to make opinions on everything based on seemingly nothing; however, the "nothing" could very well be rectified by a set of situations based on the basic premises of self-preservation (i.e. what will make "me" survive the longest). With this in mind, it would be easy to take in choice elemental questions such as: "Should I hate a certain demographic population? Will hating this demographic population jeopardize my own welfare? Based on the mass consensus opinion on this topic, does my answer agree? If I agree with the masses on this subject, will the demographic population be: 1. accepted, 2. rejected, 3. ignored by the masses? From these series of questions, although it may take a damn long time, it can be assumed that a series of "answers" to these "societal questions" can be formulated and as such, a conventional contemporary PSE affiliation will be born. The question at the heart of this discussion is that if a strong AI is able to even empirically "choose" a PSE affiliation, then what sort of PSE system would it choose? The answer to this situation is simply that it truly depends on the development of the strong AI education wise. The meaning of this is that the AI device would have to have an equilibrated source of information that allows it to gauge opposing sets of information simultaneously and as a result would be able to choose a certain set of situational living elements based on the environment that it is in. The important factor in this development is that the strong AI would simply be taking in factual information about its environment and would be utilizing a "judgment" or sorts against its own knowledge base. The judgments would be very closely tied, presumably, to its own sense of "self-preservation" since that is the notion that the AI started on and is basing its answers off of. ...read more.

Conclusion

From this very simple notion, it has been posited and shown that through simple yes and no analysis, one can definitely come to a conclusion based on a large number yet finite number of questions. These questions would enable the AI to follow a set of circumstances that would serve to be nothing more than instantiated stipulations worthy of truth judgment and hence a decision on further actions. Because of the way that the capitalistic PSE system is run, it would follow very easily from its ideologies that a na�ve entity learning to answer questions based on its surroundings would take to this system in a heartbeat and be able to flourish as such. The only reason that we would not necessarily agree in full with the statements preceding would be because we would definitely see the world in a different more meaningful context than the computer would. The AI would see the world as only empirical questions and answers that would mould the next set of questions that would eventually analytically shape the way the AI would answer future questions. It may be of some benefit to view the world in this manner where there are only empirical questions and as a result empirical answers. However, we are not that na�ve at all and our conception of our own welfare can conceivably take the avenue of discontent or malice towards the PSE system that we are involved in. The very notion that a computer may not have the same emotional or thoughtful ties to a PSE system makes it look like the computer has it better off than we do. 1 Minds, Brains, and Science. J. Searle. 2 The Problem of Consciousness. J. Searle. 3 Ibid 4 Ibid 5 Ibid 6 Ibid 7 Minds, Brains and Science. J. Searle. 8 Ibid. 9 The Problem of Consciousness. J. Searle. 10 Ibid. 11 Ibid. 12 Ibid. Philosophy 390 ...read more.

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