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AS and A Level: Design and Technology

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  1. Influence of technological change in Ford.

    a history of investing the resources needed to develop environmentally responsible products and bring them to market in the fastest, most effective way. Therefore investment is important for the firm as it is a mechanism for growth and it is an important part of the innovation process which showed that Ford invested more in advanced technology instead of normal fuel vehicles. And what is more, this satisfies customers' desires for fuel cell vehicles and related technology. Because technological change in new type of vehicle can bring extra profits, Ford will continue to maintain a significant interest in the advanced electronics and powertrain systems, as Booker said.

    • Word count: 1091
  2. Technology in American History.

    There is no possible way to tell how all of these inventions changed the home in this short essay. However, it is possible to discuss the ones that describe the argument of progress the best. The home is a place of residence, a place where we go to relax, eat, sleep, and ironically go to work. In the book More Work for Mother, by Ruth Schwartz Cowan this topic is discussed very thoroughly. The author writes, "Most of the people who do housework do not get paid for it despite the fact that it is, for many of them, a full-time job" (5).

    • Word count: 1297
  3. Science Behind F1 Aerodynamic Features.

    The presumptions regarding the application of Bernoulli's equation to this scenario are listed in the figure. In this situation, there exists a relationship between velocity, density and pressure. As a single streamline of fluid flows through a tube with changing cross-sectional area (i.e. an F1 air inlet), its velocity decreases from station one to two and its total pressure equals a constant. With multiple streamlines, the total pressure equals the same constant along each streamline. However, this is only the case if height differences between the streamlines are negligible.

    • Word count: 5943
  4. From reading all three research papers, Jane Henry's research, 'The Nature and Development of Creativity', has had the greatest influence on my thinking.

    From my point of view, this kind of research is very useful as a stimuli to the overall society. The key design research questions for this research are what is the nature of creativity and how to develop it. The methodology used in this paper is finding the key research question and literating it. After that key issues were identified and research methods were chosen which are the combination of secondary sources, which were published books and presses, and primary sources like interviewing.

    • Word count: 1126
  5. The two posters I have chosen to write about are a second world war 2 poster called "Dig For Victory" and a sixties poster for a New York clothing store.

    The design on this poster is very simple. This is because it was to put the message across to people simply. The lettering in this poster is clearly more important than the picture. The text is white bold on a red background. Most wartime posters used bold text, as this was an effective way for people to understand how important the messages were. The picture is simply just a foot digging a spade into the ground. The picture is a photograph.

    • Word count: 826
  6. Comparing LCD Monitors and CRT Monitors.

    Colour: CRT monitors still hold the advantage in regards to colour purity and quality. LCD monitors have again made great improvements here, and now offer bold, brilliant colours in many cases. The best LCD monitors are very good, and the average user would be hard pressed to note the difference for basic computing use. For gaming or movie watching, as well as professional-level image editing, this difference can range from slightly to significantly noticeable, especially in a side-by-side comparison. Size/Weight: An obvious advantage for LCD monitors, and one of their main selling points.

    • Word count: 1253
  7. Method and Process used in Engineering Design.

    1. Identifying the need 2. Defining the problem 3. Gathering information 4. Determining constraints and setting criteria 5. Generating alternative solutions 6. Analyzing the possibilities 7. Deciding the course of action 8. Specifying and communicating the solution 9. Implementing the decision 10. Verifying and evaluating the result Identifying the Need The design process begins with someone identifying a need. Needs may be related to consumer demand for products and services and be driven by private industries desire to produce profits. Alternatively, needs may arise as a consequence of government policy.

    • Word count: 1230
  8. The importance of disaster investigations For Systems Engineers.

    This is a problem that should have been addressed by the system engineers before the final go ahead for production was approved considering the importance of such instruments and their role during the flight of the aircraft. > Challenger disaster caused due to faulty design: This incident saw the destruction of the United States space shuttle Challenger 73 seconds after take-off from the Kennedy Space Centre on January 28, 1986 killing the entire shuttle crew. The disaster was caused by the failure of an "O-ring" seal in the solid-fuel rocket on the shuttle's right side.

    • Word count: 1438
  9. To what extent can we talk about the design and use of ICTs as gendered?

    Throughout history men have dominated technology. "Masculinity and technology are conceived of as being symbolically intertwined, such that technical competence has come to constitute an integral part of masculine gender identity, and, conversely, a particular idea of masculinity has become central to our very definition of technology" (Grint and Gill: 8). Women "were distant from the laboratories, drawing offices and board rooms from which decisions about new technologies were emerging" (Cockburn: 36). The designing of Information Communication Technologies were gendered male to a huge extent.

    • Word count: 2198
  10. Hidden Monuments.

    When we are made to think of architectural monuments, do we ever think of prisons? Imprisonment used as a punishment is a somewhat new concept, and incarceration as reformation is even newer. Throughout history, "jails" as we know them have been used simply to hold the convicted until their time of punishment (hanging, flogging, dismemberment, etc.). The Catholic Church was actually the first to offer imprisonment as we have come to know it. In Rome, during the reign of Constantine, churches and monasteries began a custom of granting asylum to convicted criminals as long as they agreed to resolve their crimes through suffering. The most frequently used form of resolution by the church was confinement.

    • Word count: 2071
  11. Technological Surveillance.

    However, are the citizens of the Canadian society sacrificing their freedom and privacy for the purpose of security? And if so, do surveillance technologies really help? There are five types of surveillance: 1. government looking at people; 2. establishments looking at people; 3. establishments looking at establishments or people looking at people; 4. people looking at establishments and 5. people looking at government. There are advantages and disadvantages to all types of surveillance as well as many ethical ssues. The use of technological surveillance is one that affects all in a society. The types of technology that can and will be used must be determined.

    • Word count: 1345
  12. My aim for this project is to design and construct a fully functioning alarm clock.

    Research Before I could start to design my circuit I had to research on the following subjects: * Pin out for the micro controller (AT90S8515) * Required power supply for the micro controller * Pin out for 7447 Seven Segment Decoder * Pin out for Seven Segment Display I got the pin out for the micro controller Atmel (AT90S8515) from the web site http://www.atmel.com/atmel/acrobat/0841s.pdf this gave me the pin out and the addresses for the ports and data direction registers.

    • Word count: 2608
  13. Note Skateboards is a small up and coming skateboard deck manufacturer.

    They give them free products, like boards and tops. When people see them skate brilliantly they think, 'wow I want to use what they are using'. Since they sponsored people their sales have gone through the roof, as soon as they get stock its usually sold within a week. One person they sponsored is a very talented 14-year-old Olly Pictured above. * Advertising - the owner of the company Dan Cintra sends adverts to English Skateboard magazines and then sends a cheque within 3 weeks of the advert being published.

    • Word count: 1132
  14. Investigating An Anemometer.

    I used a hair dryer to produce the wind, which would turn the cup anemometer. I first tried this just in an open space, however I found that wind from outside the hair dryer was affecting my results and therefore they were not reliable. I had to design a wind tunnel that would stop any air from the room affecting my results so I built a small tunnel out of cardboard and put it over the end of the hair dryer so that the air would travel straight down the tube towards the cup anemometer.

    • Word count: 1422
  15. Planning the Making and the manufacturing for the Future (in Quantity).

    Both of these materials are fairly cheap and therefore will cut down on production costs. Also in vacuum forming plastic is wasted that was surrounding the case in the forming process this is then cut off to leave you with your case; this wastage is none existent in the injection moulding. The Plastics are not only very durable with their increased life-span but also easily recyclable. Most plastics can be reclaimed by regrinding up old products and using the pellets to make a new product which obviously means no waste.

    • Word count: 1270
  16. Assessing Science and Technology of the Ancient Times, Its Effects on Society.

    One of these discoveries was that fire could be harnessed and put to work. While some animals have an instinctive fear of fire, humans somehow discovered that fire could be controlled and kept in one place. No one knows exactly when this discovery was first made. However, archaeologists have found that during the Ice Age humans used fire for cooking and to keep warm. Today this very same source of heat is used to produce steam for turbines. Science was the domain of the philosopher, while technology was in the hands of the craftsman.

    • Word count: 751
  17. The use of I.C.T within the police force.

    "Science and technology has transformed the fight against crime and will continue to do so. From forensic science such as DNA and fingerprints, to technical equipment like breathalysers, and speed cameras, and Information Communication Technology such as the Police National Computer and Airwave, new technology is helping the police combat crime". - Home Office Minister John Denham. The technology that the police now use is entirely different from that used two decades ago. One of the first crucial introductions of new technology in the police force was the mobile radio.

    • Word count: 814
  18. What is Design? (Victor papaneck's views)

    Everyone has a different definition of design however most of them are similar. William R. Miller's (1996) definition of design supports Papaneck's view, "Design is the thought process comprising the creation of an entity. Design is a conscious activity, guided by aims and objectives. It refers to planned and organized actions intended to bring about some predetermined outcome, although there may also be accidental or unexpected results." "The rightness of any design solution will depend on the meaning with which we invest the arrangement".

    • Word count: 472
  19. The aim of the lesson was to investigate anaerobic respiration of yeast and beer brewing in school and in industry.

    Apparatus Beaker 250ml Sugar100g Water 100ml Brewers yeast - saccharrmyas cereviase 65 Degrees Celsius Extract - barley, sugar and hops Equation Yeast + (6 H 12 O6) (02 + H2O) + (2H5 0 H) Glucose Alcohol Brewing Water + barley + other cereals + sugar + hops + yeast = BEER School Or Home Method Firstly we added approximately about 100m extract into a 250ml beaker, then straight after that we got some sugar and poured at least 100g, while stirring we added 65 degrees hot water, and at the end we got hold of a stirring rod and stirred it until everything got mixed and settled.

    • Word count: 1020
  20. How do you use ergonomics?

    The aim is to ensure that humans and technology work in complete harmony, with the equipment and tasks aligned to human characteristics. Ergonomics has a wide application to everyday domestic situations, but there are even more significant implications for efficiency, productivity, safety and health in work settings. For example: Designing equipment and systems including computers, so that they are easier to use and less likely to lead to errors in operation - particularly important tin high stress and safety-critical operations such as control rooms.

    • Word count: 2203
  21. Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

    Brunel submitted his radically new design for the bridge (1830) in a competition with Thomas Telford and others. He finally won the design competition but for reasons of funding exacerbated by social unrest (Bristol riots) it was not built until after his death. The frustrated engineer and the artist become one. Isambard's Egyptian sphinxes were omitted from the completed bridge (too expensive). But he was the visionary with an eye for the landscape. Today's bridge is a blessing for Heritage Managers who encourage tourists to visit the city and its environs. The rude building site compares superbly with the delicate romanticism of Samuel Jackson's pen and ink drawing.

    • Word count: 1519
  22. A Day in My Life.

    At ten past eight I leave my front door and begin my short journey to my school, Eastbourne Technology College. Once I am at school I go to registration with my teacher, Mr Stewart, then I sit eagerly in my form room until my first lesson of the day, this begins at nine. My first two classes are double design and technology with Mr Butchers. This is one of my favourite subjects as I enjoy using the machines, experimenting with many various materials and learning new skills.

    • Word count: 662
  23. For my Design and Technology graphics project, I chose to design and build a model of a theatre because I am interested in drama and other aspects of theatre such as stage management and backstage work.

    During this project, I aimed to solve these problems by; 1. spacing the seating so that there is enough leg room for the audience to sit comfortably 2. building a balcony for extra seating 3. having sloped flooring for wheelchair access and 4. having a large orchestra pit underneath the stage. I managed to achieve all of these points during this project, except for point 2. because I ran out of making time. I do not think that my initial specification was accurate enough to ensure a quality outcome, because it only included general points of what I wanted to

    • Word count: 1043
  24. ICT in Manufacturing.

    * Computer-aided design systems are used in thousands of different applications from designing a new jumbo jet to the design of the most aerodynamic material for a ski racer's suit. * Computer-aided manufacture enables components to be manufactured with the utmost precision. * Robots are used in every kind of industry from car manufacture to sorting items on an assembly line. 2. Case study: The sweet smell of success Bass the brewers has built a machine that can perform the daunting task of smelling beer and deciding if it's up to snuff.

    • Word count: 1517
  25. Creating a safety system for a swimming pool used by the public.

    I would need a function that could alert people if there was an intruder within the pump room Users of the project There will be two different types of users using the piece of equipment, one group to raise the alarm and another group of people to operate and control the alarm. The group that raises the alarm will be the paying customers of the park and sometimes local residents; they can range from the age of 1 - 70+ years of age.

    • Word count: 832

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