• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Design Principles and Appliction - Constraints

Extracts from this document...


The Client Briefing Stage A: Inception At the start of the design process the architect must carefully define the client's needs. This is sometimes called the client brief. At this stage the client approaches the architect for his professional assistances. The architect agrees to help him and establishes the terms of his appointment and the client's requirements. The architect has to undertake the following tasks: * check it is possible to accept the job, including satisfying himself the client is genuine and has the resources to finance the project, making sure that no other architects are involved, and that he has the resources to meet the client's needs; * agree the terms of the appointment, including responsibilities, fees, employment of the quantity surveyor and other consultants, and channels of communication; * obtain initial details of the client's requirements; * initiate office procedures, including opening files, a job book, fees, and other records and deciding how he will organise his part of the job and who will be involved. At least one meeting with the client will be necessary. The architect will probably avoid seeking too much detail from the client at this stage but will aim to establish the general nature of his requirements, together with the location of the site and some detail. ...read more.


* Does the building enhance the built environment? Since the work of the architect is very visible, these questions must be answered and analysed. Access road levels and the site level will determine the position of the site entrance and internal road layouts. The soil investigation and orientation of the site will also effect the site access and the mass of the building. Cost Constraints As the cost of any job is so important, particularly to the client, approximate estimates are expected to be provided at the various pre-contract stages of the project. The architect will remind his client that, until the detailed drawings have been prepared and priced, the estimate can of necessity only be approximate. Nevertheless, if the tender price is dramatically more than the first approximate estimate the client is likely to lose confidence in the architect and may even consider abandoning the project. There are various types of approximate estimates and some of the more common ones are listed below. Cost per unit of accommodation - Such costs are, for example, the price per bed for a hospital: per scholar for a school per seat for a church, theatre, or cinema: or per room for a block of flats. ...read more.


It is not only the built environment that is subject to planning controls, but also the natural environment. Planning authorities have the power to designate tree preservation orders, affectionately known as TPOs. Building regulations are concerned with the construction of buildings, rather than their appearance. They are intended to ensure that the design and construction will be such as to ensure public health and safety. These also act as a considerable constraint on the designer. There are two ways of complying with the regulations. The common method is to follow the means for meeting requirements of the regulations described in the set of approved documents. The alternative is to devise your own solution for meeting the requirements. Health and safety guidelines come under statute law and are a major factor on projects in this day and age. Every site has to comply with strict guidelines put into place and inspected by the HSE (Health and Safety Executive). The HSE has the power to enter any building in the UK and can close down a project instantly. The health and safety plan/policy needs to be designed by a competent person at the design stage to ensure every possible action has been taken to enforce health and safety measures. Word Count: 2009 ?? ?? ?? ?? Design Principles and Application - Constraints ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Design and Technology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Design and Technology essays

  1. Select either a qualitative or quantitative study, then make a critical analysis of it ...

    (Patton, 1990, p373) Therefore it can be concluded that the reporting research results from the findings where discussed, in a recognised format, as to the extent to which the data collected had confirmed the research question. Reliability and Validity: Reliability and validity have been put forth together due to the

  2. Describe the benefits of technological developments in equipment and facility design in two contrasting ...

    the pitch and ensuring that Wembley's famous pitch remains one of the finest in the world. It also means those on bright sunlit days, the roof can retract, keeping the heavy shadows that TV cameras struggle to deal with, off the pitch.

  1. Agfa Responding positively to a changing environment

    films and single-use cameras with enhanced capability. Compared with digital systems, recent analogue advances are 'low tech', but so too is their cost. Image quality is excellent, and represents optimum value. The technology can also be applied widely; even single-use cameras take good pictures.

  2. Bedside table development evaluation

    These items overall weighed 4 kg (figure got from research of household items) > Product must be able to withstand stains from drinks .i.e. Tea, coffee. Also withstand dents and scratches, so appearance of product s not affected. > Drawer must be opened as easily as when first designed for

  1. Light & artificial lighting systems

    It is possible to use these features as beneficial aspects when in the design build process of the building; however these elements do not come cheap. A more than common procedure to overcome the uncomfortable heat caused by solar gain is to install air conditioning and air handling units for the larger building.

  2. Robotics.There are many different types of robots used to do many different types of ...

    Some examples include: manipulation of components through apertures, like furnace doors, machine openings and similar confined spaces and also openings or similar confined spaces. Cylindrical configuration: this type of robot combines a both vertical and horizontal linear movement that uses horizontal planes about the vertical axis.

  1. Introduction to construction. Identify & describe the key factors that influence construction projects related ...

    Reducing pollution, the construction industry is responsible for a third of all industry-related pollution incidents. Controlling consumption, the construction industry accounts for 10% of the national energy consumption - the production of energy produces greenhouse gases, so the less energy we use, the less we need to produce - reducing greenhouse gases.

  2. Will the Grand Carajás project Help Brazil?

    There has been a massive growth in population of that area due to this project. This project has led more and more people to live in Caraj�s. There were 25,000 people employed as a result of this project just from 1983 to 1985.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work