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Design Principles and Appliction - Constraints

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The Client Briefing Stage A: Inception At the start of the design process the architect must carefully define the client's needs. This is sometimes called the client brief. At this stage the client approaches the architect for his professional assistances. The architect agrees to help him and establishes the terms of his appointment and the client's requirements. The architect has to undertake the following tasks: * check it is possible to accept the job, including satisfying himself the client is genuine and has the resources to finance the project, making sure that no other architects are involved, and that he has the resources to meet the client's needs; * agree the terms of the appointment, including responsibilities, fees, employment of the quantity surveyor and other consultants, and channels of communication; * obtain initial details of the client's requirements; * initiate office procedures, including opening files, a job book, fees, and other records and deciding how he will organise his part of the job and who will be involved. At least one meeting with the client will be necessary. The architect will probably avoid seeking too much detail from the client at this stage but will aim to establish the general nature of his requirements, together with the location of the site and some detail. ...read more.


* Does the building enhance the built environment? Since the work of the architect is very visible, these questions must be answered and analysed. Access road levels and the site level will determine the position of the site entrance and internal road layouts. The soil investigation and orientation of the site will also effect the site access and the mass of the building. Cost Constraints As the cost of any job is so important, particularly to the client, approximate estimates are expected to be provided at the various pre-contract stages of the project. The architect will remind his client that, until the detailed drawings have been prepared and priced, the estimate can of necessity only be approximate. Nevertheless, if the tender price is dramatically more than the first approximate estimate the client is likely to lose confidence in the architect and may even consider abandoning the project. There are various types of approximate estimates and some of the more common ones are listed below. Cost per unit of accommodation - Such costs are, for example, the price per bed for a hospital: per scholar for a school per seat for a church, theatre, or cinema: or per room for a block of flats. ...read more.


It is not only the built environment that is subject to planning controls, but also the natural environment. Planning authorities have the power to designate tree preservation orders, affectionately known as TPOs. Building regulations are concerned with the construction of buildings, rather than their appearance. They are intended to ensure that the design and construction will be such as to ensure public health and safety. These also act as a considerable constraint on the designer. There are two ways of complying with the regulations. The common method is to follow the means for meeting requirements of the regulations described in the set of approved documents. The alternative is to devise your own solution for meeting the requirements. Health and safety guidelines come under statute law and are a major factor on projects in this day and age. Every site has to comply with strict guidelines put into place and inspected by the HSE (Health and Safety Executive). The HSE has the power to enter any building in the UK and can close down a project instantly. The health and safety plan/policy needs to be designed by a competent person at the design stage to ensure every possible action has been taken to enforce health and safety measures. Word Count: 2009 ?? ?? ?? ?? Design Principles and Application - Constraints ...read more.

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