• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Design Principles and Appliction - Constraints

Extracts from this document...


The Client Briefing Stage A: Inception At the start of the design process the architect must carefully define the client's needs. This is sometimes called the client brief. At this stage the client approaches the architect for his professional assistances. The architect agrees to help him and establishes the terms of his appointment and the client's requirements. The architect has to undertake the following tasks: * check it is possible to accept the job, including satisfying himself the client is genuine and has the resources to finance the project, making sure that no other architects are involved, and that he has the resources to meet the client's needs; * agree the terms of the appointment, including responsibilities, fees, employment of the quantity surveyor and other consultants, and channels of communication; * obtain initial details of the client's requirements; * initiate office procedures, including opening files, a job book, fees, and other records and deciding how he will organise his part of the job and who will be involved. At least one meeting with the client will be necessary. The architect will probably avoid seeking too much detail from the client at this stage but will aim to establish the general nature of his requirements, together with the location of the site and some detail. ...read more.


* Does the building enhance the built environment? Since the work of the architect is very visible, these questions must be answered and analysed. Access road levels and the site level will determine the position of the site entrance and internal road layouts. The soil investigation and orientation of the site will also effect the site access and the mass of the building. Cost Constraints As the cost of any job is so important, particularly to the client, approximate estimates are expected to be provided at the various pre-contract stages of the project. The architect will remind his client that, until the detailed drawings have been prepared and priced, the estimate can of necessity only be approximate. Nevertheless, if the tender price is dramatically more than the first approximate estimate the client is likely to lose confidence in the architect and may even consider abandoning the project. There are various types of approximate estimates and some of the more common ones are listed below. Cost per unit of accommodation - Such costs are, for example, the price per bed for a hospital: per scholar for a school per seat for a church, theatre, or cinema: or per room for a block of flats. ...read more.


It is not only the built environment that is subject to planning controls, but also the natural environment. Planning authorities have the power to designate tree preservation orders, affectionately known as TPOs. Building regulations are concerned with the construction of buildings, rather than their appearance. They are intended to ensure that the design and construction will be such as to ensure public health and safety. These also act as a considerable constraint on the designer. There are two ways of complying with the regulations. The common method is to follow the means for meeting requirements of the regulations described in the set of approved documents. The alternative is to devise your own solution for meeting the requirements. Health and safety guidelines come under statute law and are a major factor on projects in this day and age. Every site has to comply with strict guidelines put into place and inspected by the HSE (Health and Safety Executive). The HSE has the power to enter any building in the UK and can close down a project instantly. The health and safety plan/policy needs to be designed by a competent person at the design stage to ensure every possible action has been taken to enforce health and safety measures. Word Count: 2009 ?? ?? ?? ?? Design Principles and Application - Constraints ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Design and Technology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Design and Technology essays

  1. Bedside table development evaluation

    The design will cost 143.80 to make if I was making a one-off production, however If designing in industry this product would be batch manufactured, due to cheaper material cost, more being made in a shorter time etc, so

  2. Flow chart for producing a magazine rack. Equipment, health & safety and quality control.

    of others Check that right glue is being used, check that a decent amount of adhesive is being applied WAIT Allocate metal shaft into wooden attachment Nylon, metal shaft (10 �) Basic PPE, blue coat, be aware of others Make sure metal shaft is fitted securely, and nylon is fitted

  1. Introduction to construction. Identify & describe the key factors that influence construction projects related ...

    Preserving wildlife, ecosystems are very finely balanced systems of local plants and animals - everything works together well, because the system has developed over hundreds of thousands of years. An imbalance in the system, such as loss of habitat for animals, can have devastating effects.

  2. Light & artificial lighting systems

    However it is important that the occupiers are able to operate blinds to suit their preferences and that the shades or blinds are not to remain closed at all times, this could lead to a significant reduction in the benefits of daylight penetration under favourable conditions.

  1. Electronics AS project

    A device that relies on the smoke that is produced in the event of a fire. When this smoke passes between a bulb and an LDR, the amount of light falling on the LDR decreases. This causes the resistance of LDR to increase and the voltage at the base

  2. organiztional sytsmes and strategy

    * The technologies that will be incorporated into the new building will be state of the art and will therefore display numerous advantages of the current site. * The rooms and facilities that are being built will be suited for the new technologies available and therefore no new equipment will

  1. Research in the uses of silicon

    oxide for blue glass, iron (II) oxide for green glass10 .Application in Medical Field Menstrual cups A Menstrual cup is a type of cup or barrier worn inside the vagina during menstruation to collect menstrual fluid. Menstrual cups are often made of silicone for its durability and reusability 9 Silicone breast implants Controversy developed in the

  2. It is important that Sarah is blind having access to speech and Braille output ...

    They possess less storage and processing power and are not designed to be the primary method for information processing and exchange. While many laptops have more than 512 megabytes of random access memory (ROM), even the largest PDA for the blind has only about 100 megabytes.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work