• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Hidden Monuments.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Hidden Monuments mon�u�ment (noun) a : a lasting evidence, reminder, or example of someone or something notable or great b : a memorial stone or a building erected in remembrance of a person or event. (Merriam-Webster) When we are made to think of architectural monuments, what immediately comes to mind? Is it the Guggenheim, home to fine art and high civilization? Maybe we think of the Eiffel Tower, a symbol of the French state and a reminder of patriotism to all nations. Or perhaps our minds are drawn to the "last American Architect", Frank Lloyd Wright, and his work with the residential United States embodied in Falling Water. All of these are, truly, lasting evidence of human spirit and effort. But does an achievement have to own a spot of limelight in order to be just that, a true accomplishment? What about the architecture that we as a culture take for granted, or literally wish to forget? Sometimes the most significant tasks are completed by those that are far from the public eye. Sometimes the least glamorous jobs build the foundation of society. When we are made to think of architectural monuments, do we ever think of prisons? ...read more.

Middle

The majority of the new architecture focused on security and expense. Grilles (iron/steel bars) became extremely popular because of their small expense and the fact that they allow guards to see inside the cells. Architects also designated three different types of cells: outside, semi-inside, and inside. Inside cells are the most popular with designers and guards due to their ease of observation and, once again, small expense. They are small cubes enclosed on three or four sides by grillwork or cement blocking, and always with a grille front, removing all forms of privacy. They have no outside view or windows, making escape next to impossible and obliterating any concept of night and day. Semi-inside cells also have grille fronts, but are separated Webb 4 from an external wall by a security corridor. This allows the inmates some natural light and returns a little sense of time. They are easy to guard, but increase the cost of building slightly. Outside cells are the least popular with jail keepers and designers because of their greater expense and higher probability of escape. They may sometimes have a grille front, but usually exist as rooms with doors, allowing the prisoner at least an illusion of privacy. ...read more.

Conclusion

This has rarely led to a decrease of respect from the inmates, however. Respect is shown where respect is given, and even the seemingly open layout of the design has not led to more frequent thoughts of rebellion. On the contrary, both escape attempts and actual escapes have been rarified. Although it is not perfect, it has shown itself to be a vast improvement over the cold, dehumanizing architecture of previous designs; certainly a step in the right direction. Repeat offenders make up the highest prison population in the United States. Let us hope that administrators look past the initial expense of improved prison design; instead viewing it as an investment, allowing architects to completely do their job in providing prison facilities that truly reform offenders and spare taxpayers the expense of repetitive prison stays. Looking back at the true definition of monument, what could be a better reminder of human spirit and ability than changed lives? What could be greater or more notable than a truly reformed individual? What more impressive event could the prison system present than a completion of a truthfully and ultimately effective penal sentence? As contradictory as it may sound, a completely effective prison is as much a monument to human spirit as is the Eiffel Tower. Being architects, we have the responsibility to make this happen. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Design and Technology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Design and Technology essays

  1. What are the advantages and disadvantages of Virtual Reality?

    Alternatively, there are the non-immersive VR systems where the V.World is displayed on a computer screen and you use various input devices to move around like a mouse, a trackball and a joystick. Criterion D: Solutions to Problems Arising from the Issue As Takaya Endo and Hiroshi Ishii, Senior Research

  2. Nano technology - Screen technology is a fast changing technology area.

    It also has a much greater brightness. This makes viewing easier even in low-light conditions - display illumination is needed less often, resulting in further power savings. Digital paper displays do not "wash out" in bright light, which is a problem with LCDs.

  1. Jared Diamond versus Charles Mann on the Sophistication of Metalwork in Native America

    The term "useful" can have many implications, but in this case Diamond's definition of "useful" is using metal to make a device that is going to allow subjugation. Diamond believes that a culture should "[seek] to optimize metals' 'hardness, strength, toughness, and sharpness'" to make weaponry (3).

  2. The proposed design project is to design, produce and evaluate an innovative recycled clock, ...

    Step 2 Place plywood and safety guard in position. Step 3 Turn on machine at switch. Step 4 Start cutting the plywood following the marked line. Step 5 When finished simply turn of the machine and remove the plywood. (iii)

  1. Were developing a shoe removal detector which identifies and notifies a person entering the ...

    Development plan There are a number of developments to be done before final functional prototype to be finish. Furthermore, the device can be developed under group discussion and meeting. 5.1 Future development plan Making human skin detector We make each of the circuits mentioned above except for PID and see practically the precision, complexity and cost of the circuit.

  2. Describe the benefits of technological developments in equipment and facility design in two contrasting ...

    Its rebound height can vary almost 10%. The stiffness, defined by the deformation under pressure, can vary over 5%. The benefits of the different types of tennis balls are that a player can choose a set of tennis balls depending on his style of play or the type of court he is playing on.

  1. Robotics.There are many different types of robots used to do many different types of ...

    Point-to-point robots that are driven by servos are often controlled by potentiometers and/or limit switches, which is set to stop the robot arm at a specific point. Point-to-point robots are usually non pneumatic, they are either hydraulic or mechanical. Because hydraulics and mechanical systems do not compress like pneumatics they are able to lift much higher loads than pneumatic robots.

  2. Investigating the effects of heat treatment on metals.

    of bends Copper 75 65 84 73 64 85 76 62 85 Average: 75 Average: 64 Average: 84 Steel 22 55 30 30 34 31 45 40 39 Average: 32 Average: 43 Average: 33 Aluminum 39 42 68 30 41 65 37 44 60 Average: 35 Average: 42 Average: 64

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work